Revelation in Islam
| Translators Note:
This and some of the following Sections deal with
certain issues in Islam, a failure to understand which properly
has given rise to the misconception that Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
claimed to be a prophet. (Or it may be said that certain parties
have misrepresented these issues in order to create the impression
that Hazrat Mirza claimed to be a prophet.)
The first and foremost such issue is the concept
of Divine revelation (or God speaking to man) as taught by Islam.
With the ending of prophethood after the Holy Prophet Muhammad,
the highest form of Divine revelation, which was exclusive to
prophets, has also terminated. But lower forms of revelation,
which were always received by both prophets and non-prophet holy
men alike, still continue. This Section establishes from the Holy
Quran and the Hadith that revelation continues among Muslims,
and explains its purpose (4.1). It gives instances
of revelation coming to non-prophets, including examples of revelation
to the Holy Prophets Companions during his life-time (4.2).
It then quotes extensively from the writings of recognised Muslim
religious authorities and scholars, from the early days of Islam
till the present day, to show that revelation continues and to
give actual instances of revelation coming to various saints (4.3).
4.1: The Quran and Hadith on continuity
According to the Holy Quran, the distinctive characteristic of a true
religion is that it invites towards a living God Who listens to
the prayers of the distressed, removes their troubles, and speaks to His
servants. The following verses illustrate this point:
Hence true religion in every age invites to a living God Who speaks to
man. Every follower of the faith can make the verbal claim that Islam
takes man to God, but to call people of the world towards God on the basis
of ones personal experience and attainment is the work of only those
who are purified by God Himself, and are perfect followers of the Holy
- Abraham said to his idol-worshipping father: Why do you worship
a thing which hears not, sees not, and helps you not a whit
- God condemned the worshippers of the golden calf by saying: Could
they not see that it spoke not to them, nor did it guide them to the
right path (7:148).
Did they not see that it answered them not, nor did it control
harm or benefit for them (20:89).
- Referring to all worshippers of false gods, it is said: Those
whom these people call upon, besides God, they do not answer them
at all (13:14).
Revelation to non-prophets
With prophethood having ended with the Holy Prophet Muhammad, the guidance
which mankind was to receive reached its completion. But is it the case
that, with the completion of the guidance, the link between the Creator
and His creatures has been forged permanently, and all men in future will
attain to God from birth? Or, will people still drift away from God and
lose the right path, even after the finality of prophethood? Who will
take the place of prophets to establish the link between God and the lost
people, when people can go astray despite the existence of perfect teachings?
In this regard, the Holy Quran instructs the Holy Prophet Muhammad to
Say: This is my way. I invite to God through certain knowledge
I and those who follow me. (12:108)
Hence, as the Holy Prophet called people to God through the light given
to him by revelation (certain knowledge), so will those of
his followers who receive the light of revelation establish the link between
God and His creatures on the basis of certain knowledge. Such
persons are called auliya (sing. wali), or saints, of God.
The revelation they receive is not wahy nubuwwat, but wahy wilayat,
because the former has ended with the Holy Prophet. The Quran says about
Now surely the auliya of God there is no fear
upon them nor do they grieve. Those who believe and guard against
evil, for them are good news (bushra) in this world and the
Those who invite to God must first themselves have a strong connection
with God. The way to forge this connection is through sainthood (wilayat)
and what is termed good news or bushra above.
As to what bushra means, the Holy Prophet explained the above
verse to his followers as below:
He said: Nothing remains of prophethood except mubashshirat
[same as bushra]. People said: What are mubashshirat?
He said: True dreams.
These true dreams are related to prophethood, as the Holy
Prophet is reported to have said:
(Bukhari, Book of Interpretation of Dreams, ch. Mubashshirat,
The good dream of a righteous believer is one of the forty-six
parts of prophethood. (Bukhari, op. cit.)
And referring to the Holy Prophets revelation before he became a
prophet, Bukhari records from Aishah, wife of the Prophet:
The revelation to the Holy Prophet began first of all with
Hence revelation or wahy includes true dreams.
(Bukhari, Book 1)
Modes of revelation
The Holy Quran says:
It is not vouchsafed to a mortal that God should speak to
him except by revelation (wahy), or from behind a veil, or
by sending a messenger. (42:51)
Hence, there are three modes of Divine communication with man:
The first two modes of revelation are common to saints (auliya)
and prophets. The third is exclusive to prophets, and after the Holy Prophet
Muhammad this mode has terminated. Gabriel cannot now bring revelation
of this sort, known as wahy nubuwwat revelation of prophethood.
The first two modes, however, apply to non-prophets as well, as in the
cases of Moses mother, Jesus disciples, and the saints among
the Muslims. The Holy Prophet has called such revelation a part of prophethood,
and an acknowledged hadith indicates that there are to be persons among
Muslims to whom God will speak:
- The infusion of an idea into the mind, which is called wahy
in this verse. The Holy Prophet has described this mode in the words:
The Holy Spirit has put this into my heart.
- From behind a veil this includes dreams, visions,
hearing words of inspiration.
- By sending a messenger this refers to the sending
of angel Gabriel, who is seen and whose word is heard by the man receiving
The Holy Prophet said: Among the Israelite people before you,
there used to be men who were spoken to by God although they were
not prophets. If there is such a one among my followers, it is Umar.
It is meant to convey in this hadith that just as there used to be Divine
communication with non-prophets in nations before the Muslims, so would
it be with the Muslim nation. All commentators agree that Umar is mentioned
as a premier or outstanding example of a recipient of revelation.
(Bukhari, Book of Virtues of the Companions, ch. Umar; Book
62, ch. 6)
Hence the Quran and Hadith agree that wahy nubuwwat, the type
of revelation exclusive to prophets, has ended, but Divine communication
(regarded as partial prophethood) continues among the Muslims. The individuals
favoured with this revelation are called auliya (singular wali)
in the Quran. They are also bashir (givers of glad tidings) and
nazir (warners), as Muhiy-ud-Din Ibn Arabi wrote:
The wali [saint] is indeed a bashir and nazir,
but he is not a law-giver.
The Indian Muslim theologian and leader of the early nineteenth century,
Sayyid Ismail Shaheed, commenting on the Quranic verse There is
no town but it had a warner, writes:
(Futuhat Makkiyya, Part II, p. 376)
It has been said that the word nazir [warner] includes
prophets and saints.
(Abqaat, Urdu translation by Manazir Ahsan Gilani, published
in A.P., India, p. 402)
Revelation to non-prophets mentioned in the Quran
The saints (auliya) not only receive knowledge of the unseen, and
revelations containing glad tidings and warnings (against wrong-doers),
but also commands and prohibitions to the recipient (though not law).
The Quran gives the following examples:
Hence it is clear that the revelation of non-prophets is certain and definite,
uncorrupted by the devil. This is so that the saints can act as a true
model to people, as the prophets used to be models to their people. But
as the chain of prophets was cut off with the Holy Prophet, in the Muslim
nation his followers have been chosen to call to God. The Quran states:
I [the Holy Prophet] invite to God through certain knowledge
I and those who follow me (12:108).
- We sent revelation to the mother of Moses: Give him
suck. Then when you fear for him, cast him into the river, and do
not fear or worry. We shall bring him back to you, and make him one
of the messengers. (28:7)
In the revelation to Moses mother, the words give
him suck and cast are commands, whilst do
not fear or worry are prohibitions. Was this revelation not
certain and definite, just like revelation to prophets? By acting
on her revelation and casting her baby in the river, did not Moses
mother show that she had as much belief in her revelation as the
prophets did in theirs? Had this revelation not been from God, the
prophecies in it could not have been fulfilled.
- To Mary, the mother of Jesus, came the revelation:
Shake towards yourself the branch of the palm-tree. Fresh,
ripe dates will fall on you. Eat and drink and cool the eye.
Shake, eat, drink and cool
- The disciples of Jesus, who were not prophets, received the revelation:
When I revealed to the disciples: Believe in Me and
My messenger. They said: We believe. Bear witness that
we submit. (5:111)
These saints are also called khalifas in the Quran:
God has promised those of you who believe and do good that
He will make them khalifas in the earth as He made khalifas
of those before them [i.e., the Israelites]. (24:55)
The Holy Prophet has explained this verse as follows:
The Israelites used to be led by prophets. Whenever a prophet
died, he was succeeded by another prophet. But there shall be no prophet
after me. There will, however, be khalifas, and there will
Not only will the khalifas be the likes of the prophets
indicated in the words as He made those before them
of the verse above but the criteria for their truthfulness will
also be the same. The Holy Prophet said:
(Bukhari, Book of Prophets, 60:50)
The successorship [khilafat] shall be upon the pattern
(Mishkat, Book of Riqaq, ch. 9, sec. 3)
4.2: Revelation to Companions of Holy
Given below are some recorded examples of revelation to the Holy Prophets
Companions, both during his life and afterwards.
To summarise, wahy nubuwwat has ended, but mubashshirat
continue, and these include true dreams which are a part of prophethood.
The revelation to saints among Muslims also includes inspiration and hearing
words, as shown by the instances quoted above from the Companions of the
- Aisha related that when the Companions decided to wash the
body of the Holy Prophet [before his burial], they said: By God, we
do not know whether to remove his clothes, as we do for the dead,
or to wash him with his clothes on. So when they differed about this,
God caused them to fall asleep, till there was not one of them whose
chin was not upon his chest. Then a speaker spoke from one side of
the house, they did not know who it was, saying: Wash the Holy Prophet
with his clothes on.
(Abu Dawud, Book of Funerals; Mishkat, Book of Fitan,
ch. Miracles, sec. 2)
- A slave-girl of Abu Bakr was pregnant. He said: It was revealed
to me that it would be a girl. And she gave birth to a girl.
(Kitab al-Lama, by Abu Nasr Abdullah al-Qausani,
ch. Abu Bakr)
- In the written orders which Umar [the second Caliph] sent
to [his army commander] Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas during the Persian
campaign, it was stated that it had been revealed to him that the
enemy would be defeated.
(Al-Wasaiq as-Sabasiyya, p. 302, compiled by Dr Hamidullah
- Ali and al-Fazl were washing the Holy Prophets body
when Ali heard a voice saying: Lift up your eyes to heaven.
(Al-Khasais al-Kubra, by Suyuti, vol. ii, p. 276)
- Anas related that Abu Ibn Kab said: I shall enter the
mosque and pray, and praise God so much that no one would have praised
Him like that. So when he prayed, and sat down to praise God, he heard
a voice from behind him saying: O God, all praise is due to Thee,
all good is in Thy hand, all affairs return to Thee, open or secret,
all praise is due to Thee, Thou hast power over all things, forgive
me my past sins and keep me pure for the rest of my life, grant me
to do good deeds which please Thee from me, and turn to me mercifully.
Then Abu Ibn Kab came to the Holy Prophet and related this to
him. The Holy Prophet said: That was Gabriel.
(Ruh al-Maani, vol. vii, p. 64, under verse 33:40)
- Abdullah Ibn Zaid Ibn Abd Rabbih related: When the Holy Prophet
ordered the making of a trumpet to use it to call people to prayer,
I saw in a dream a man carrying a trumpet in his hand. I said to him:
Are you selling the trumpet? He said: What will you do with it? I
said: Call people to prayer. He said: Shall I not show you something
better than it? I said: Yes. He said: Say, Allahu Akbar (up
to the end of the words of the Call to Prayer). In the morning I went
to the Holy Prophet and told him of my dream. He said: Your
dream is surely true, if God so will. Go and stand with Bilal and
tell him your dream. Let him give the call to prayer, because his
voice is louder than yours. So I stood with Bilal and told him
of the words, and he made the call to prayer.
(Mishkat, Book of Prayer, ch. The Call to Prayer,
4.3: Views of Muslim theologians and
1. Raghib in Mufradat
In his classical dictionary of the Quran, Imam Raghib defines wahy
Al-kalimatu-llati tulqa ila anbiyai-hi wa auliyai-hi
The word of God which is communicated to His prophets and
His saints is called wahy.
(Mufradat of Raghib, under wahy)
2. Imam Jafar Sadiq (d. 765 C.E.)
The following is recorded of this early Imam from the line of Ali:
- He said: Revelation is one of the characteristics
of the chosen ones of God. To give arguments without revelation is
a mark of being rejected from the Divine Presence.
(Tazkirat al-Auliya, ch. 1, p. 23)
- Imam Jafar says: I read the Quran with such zeal and
enthusiasm that it was revealed to me through revelation.
(Futuhat Makkiyya by Ibn Arabi)
- Some of those who have Divine experience have said about
themselves that they hear the word of God, and that He communicates
with them, as is recorded of Imam Jafar Sadiq that he said:
I read a verse of the Quran so frequently that I heard it from God,
the Revealer of the verse.
(Maktubat of Mujaddid Alif Sani, vol. iii, p. 166)
3. Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (d. 855 C.E.)
Regarding Imam Hanbal, founder of one of the four systems of Islamic jurisprudence,
it is written:
He said: One day I was in the public baths, and there was
a group of people who entered the water without any clothes. I kept
in mind the hadith: He who believes in God and the Last Day should
not enter the public bath without a waist-wrapper. So I did not remove
all my clothes. That night I saw in a dream someone saying to me:
O Ahmad, receive good news that God has forgiven you on account
of your following the hadith, and made you a leader who shall be followed.
I said: Who are you? He said: Gabriel.
4. Ghazali (d. 1111 C.E.)
This great philosopher, writer and mujaddid, wrote in his best-known work
- Undoubtedly, knowledge comes to our hearts through
the angels, and this is referred to in the word of God: It is not
vouchsafed to a mortal that God should speak to him except by revelation
(Ihya al-Ulum, vol. iii, p. 14)
- Know that the men of the heart are shown the secrets of the
worlds through inspiration [into the mind], or through true dreams,
or through visions while awake. This is one of the highest grades
of the degrees of prophethood, as a true dream is one of the forty-six
parts of prophethood. So beware of denying this knowledge through
lack of understanding.
(ibid., p. 67)
5. Sayyid Abdul Qadir Jilani (d. 1166 C.E.):
- Woe unto you, O innovator! Does God not have the
power to say: I am God. Our God, great is His glory, is a speaker,
and not dumb. His word is heard and understood.
(Al-Fath ar-Rabbani, p. 153)
- When you attain perfection in fana [annihilation],
your rank near God will be raised, and you will be addressed in the
words: This day you are with us, a dignified, trusted one.
(Futuh al-Ghaib, with Persian commentary, Discourse no.
28, p. 171)
The words referred to are in a verse of the Quran in chapter Joseph
- The words wa-stanatu-ka li-nafsi (I have chosen thee
especially for Myself), which are in the Quranic verse 20:41, were
revealed to Abdul Qadir Jilani several times.
(ibid., p. 33)
- I am not an ordinary preacher like your preachers. I speak
by command of God Almighty. Take my words to be the orders of God.
When I preach from the pulpit, God manifests Himself upon my heart.
(Tuhfa Qadiriyya, p. 82)
6. Imam Qurtabi:
The true, righteous Muslim is he whose condition resembles
the condition of the prophets. He is favoured with that with which
the prophets were favoured, that is, information of the unseen.
(Fath al-Bari, standard commentary of Bukhari, vol.
xii, p. 319)
7. Muhiy-ud-Din Ibn Arabi (d. 1240 C.E.)
The famous Muslim philosopher and saint of Spain wrote:
- It is impossible that revelation from God can stop. For if
it were to be cut off, there would not remain for the world any spiritual
food by which it continues to subsist.
(Futuhat Makkiyya, Part II, p. 90, question no. 82)
- Of us [saints] are those who receive from God those very
commandments which are in the Shariah. The source is the same
as it used to be for the Holy Prophet Muhammad. Such persons are his
followers because these commandments are not opposed to the Shariah.
(Fusus al-Hukam, p. 183)
- All the forms of revelation we have explained here are to
be found in men of God, from among the saints. The revelation which
was exclusive to the prophet, and not for the saint, is the revelation
containing the Shariah.
(Futuhat Makkiyya, Part II, p. 376)
- And thus the coming of the Quran upon the hearts of the saints
is not cut off, despite the fact that the Quran is safely preserved
with them. It happens due to their zeal, and it is for only some of
(ibid., p. 258)
- The Quranic verse We believe in God and what has been revealed
to us ... and we submit to Him (2:136) was revealed in revelation
received by Ibn Arabi.
(ibid., Part III, p. 367)
8. Jalal-ud-Din Rumi (d. 1273 C.E.)
This Persian saint and author of Masnawi wrote:
It is not astrology or sorcery or mere dream,
A commentary on the Masnawi explains the above verses as follows:
It is true revelation God knows best.
To hide it from the common people,
The Sufis term it inner revelation.
The expediency of hiding it from the public is to avoid trouble,
because if a man of God were to say, I learnt such and such a thing
from Divine revelation, people may think that he was claiming prophethood.
Then, let alone people being alienated from him, he would actually
fear for his life ...
The fact is that God speaks to angels, prophets, and specially-chosen
saints through His ancient word, and puts words in their souls with
different meanings. In accordance with His eternal knowledge, God
makes them understand the meaning which He intends, and they receive
that significance according to their capacity. With angels and prophets,
this is called wahy, and with saints it is called ilham,
but the Sufis term wahy as inner revelation.
(Miftah al-Ulum, Daftar iv, Part I, vol. xi, p. 361)
9. Imam Hajar Asqalani
He wrote in his commentary of Bukhari:
When revelation was cut off with the Holy Prophets death,
ilham [revelation to saints] came to those whom God chose.
(Fath al-Bari, vol. i, p. 332)
10. Imam Abdul Wahhab Shirani:
- The door of prophethood is closed after the Holy Prophet Muhammad,
and shall not be opened for anyone till the Day of Judgment. However,
revelation (wahy, ilham) remains for the saints, which does
not contain Shariah in it.
(Al-Yawaqit wal-Jawahir, p. 37)
- Law-bearing prophethood has been cut off with the death of
the Holy Prophet Muhammad. Hence the angel of revelation brings to
the saint (wali) the understanding of the Shariah, and
informs him as to its secrets.
(ibid., p. 71)
- The revelation which brings Shariah has been stopped
after the Holy Prophet Muhammad. And of the favours which God has
bestowed upon me, one is that He has made me a recipient of sound
(Al-Kibariyya al-Ahmar, footnote in Yawaqit, vol.
ii, p. 8)
11. Shaikh Ahmad of Sirhind (d. 1624 C.E.)
This famous mujaddid of India expressed the following views:
- He records a question and then answers it as below:
Question: Since the religion has been completed and perfected
by the Holy Quran and the Holy Prophets example, what is the
need for revelation (ilham), and what deficiency is there
which is made good by revelation?
Answer: Revelation makes manifest the hidden perfections
of the religion, not increase the perfections in religion. Just
as exercise of reason (ijtihaad) makes clear the commandments
of the religion, so does revelation make clear the secrets and subtleties
which most people cannot understand. The distinct difference between
the exercise of reason and revelation is that the former is related
to opinion while the latter is ascribed to the Great Creator of
opinions. Therefore, revelation has a certainty which reason does
(Maktubat, vol. iii, Part VII, Daftar ii, Letter
no. 55, p. 19)
- Commandments of the Shariah are revealed at particular
times but commands of revelation in general are required at all times.
... The Shariah commandments are based on four sources [the
reference is to Quran, Hadith, Ijma and Qiyas through
which laws are derived], where revelation of saints (ilham)
finds no place. But leaving aside Shariah commandments, there
are many other religious matters in which the fifth source is ilham.
In fact, it may be said that, after the Quran and Hadith, ilham
is the third source. This source will continue to exist till the end
of the world.
(ibid., p. 19)
- The revelation of saints partakes of the light of prophethood,
and is the consequence of the blessings of following the prophets.
(ibid., Part VI, Daftar iii, Letter no. 23, p. 63)
- This humble one was lifted up from the dirt of degradation,
and a voice called my soul saying: I have forgiven you and those who
come to Me through your mediation, whether directly [through you]
or indirectly, till the Day of Judgment. And it kept on repeating
this, so that no scope remains for doubt.
(Mabd wa Muad with Urdu translation, p. 17)
- Shaikh Ahmad said that one day he prepared food for the Fatiha
of his son [i.e. charitable deed following the death of his son].
There was doubt about its Divine acceptance because of the Quranic
teaching: God only accepts the deeds of the dutiful.
Then he had a revelation: Thou art indeed from among the
(Kahl al-Jawahir, p. 14)
- Before the birth of his youngest son, Shah Muhammad Yahya, he received
the revelation: We give thee good news of a boy, whose name
is Yahya. This is, in fact, verse 19:7 of the Quran. So he named
the boy Yahya.
(Maqamat Imam Rabbani, published in Delhi, p. 136)
- He related that for a few days he was overcome by a deficiency
of good deeds. So when during prayer he reached the words, Thee
do we serve, he faced a dilemma: if he said these words, he
would be guilty under the verse why do you say that which you
do not do; if he omitted them, he would be guilty of omission.
Then he had the revelation: Shirk [worship of things
other than God] has been removed from your worship, and your faith
has become pure.
(Kahl al-Jawahir, p. 15)
- He said: All those who have entered, or are going to enter,
into my spiritual order, directly or indirectly, were shown to me,
and I was told of the places of their birth and residence. They were
all given to me. If I wish, I can describe them all.
(ibid., Life of Shaikh Ahmad by Khawaja Muhammad Baqir of Lahore,
12. Muin-ud-Din Chishti (d. 1236 C.E.)
This saint and missionary of India, whose shrine in Ajmer is visited by
thousands of Muslims every year, wrote the verse:
Every moment the Holy Spirit breathes into Muin,
So it is not I who says this, but in fact I am the second Jesus.
(Divan of Chishti, ode no. 70, p. 102)
The classical Arab commentator of the Quran, al-Baidawi, wrote:
Just as the devils put bad thoughts into the hearts of disbelievers,
so shall We [God] reveal the truth to you [O Muslims] and urge you
to do good.
(Commentary of Baidawi, vol. ii, p. 267, published in Delhi)
14. Fakhar-ud-Din Razi
Another classical commentator, Fakhar-ud-Din Razi, wrote:
The angels project their influence into the souls of men by
revelation, and show them their [i.e. angels] accomplishments
by sure visions.
(Tafsir Kabir, vol. vii, p. 370)
15. Shah Wali-ullah of Delhi (d. 1763 C.E.)
He is an eminent thinker, theologian and writer, who is recognised as
mujaddid of his day. He wrote:
- The Muslim nation is not deprived of revelation through angels.
Do you not know how Mary saw Gabriel as a strong, healthy man, and
how the angels called her? Similarly, Hadith records that a believer
was going towards a village to visit a fellow. In the way an angel
appeared to him and said: I am an apostle of God to you. Hadith also
says that if you maintain the same [high] level of faith, angels will
greet you while you are lying in your beds.
(Tafhimat, vol. ii, p. 134)
- God revealed to me, saying: I will give you the Tariqa
[course of teachings for spiritual progress] which shall take man
nearer to God than do any of the existing Tariqas, and it shall
be more powerful than any of them.
(ibid., vol. i, p. 45)
16. Khawaja Mir Dard of Delhi (d. 1785 C.E.)
In his great work Ilm al-Kitab, this famous saint of Delhi
writes under the heading Tahdees Nimat ar-Rabb (Mention
of the bounties of the Lord) that he received in revelation numerous
verses of the Quran, some of which are those where the Holy Prophet is
addressed by God. For instance:
See Ilm al-Kitab, pp. 61 64.
- Warn thy near relatives. (The Quran, 26:214)
- Say: Allah is sufficient for me. (39:38)
- Be steadfast as thou art commanded, and follow not their
low desires. (42:15)
- Grieve thou not for them, nor be distressed because of what
they plan. (27:70)
- Did He not find thee groping, and guided thee. (93:7)
17. Sayyid Muhammad Ismail Shaheed (d. 1831 C.E.)
He was a learned theologian and a famous martyr of North-West India. He
- Among these matters, one is ilham [revelation], and
ilham is that thing which is established from the prophets.
It is called wahy. If it is proved from persons other than
prophets, it is called tahdees [revelation of a non-prophet].
In the Quran, ilham as such has been called wahy, whether
it came to prophets or to saints.
(Mansab-i Imamat, Urdu translation by Muhammad Husain Alwi,
published by Ainah Adab, Lahore, 2nd ed., 1969, p. 73)
- Those people who consider knowledge to be no more than talk
and words, and meaningless nonsense, ... if such a man means to say
that no person other than the prophets can obtain knowledge of the
future from the unseen, I believe that he is denying a teaching of
the religion which is established by repeated evidence, i.e. those
teachings of the faith which spread into the world because they were
abundantly reported [from the Holy Prophet], he is denying one of
(Abqaat, Urdu translation by Manazir Ahsan Gilani, published
in A.P., India, p. 14.)
18. Maulavi Abdullah Ghaznavi
He was an Indian saint of the last century who was originally from Ghazni
in Afghanistan, but settled in Amritsar in the Punjab. His biography records
that he received a very large number of Quranic verses in his Divine revelation.
Some are given below:
He also received the following revelation:
- Send peace and blessings upon him. (The Quran 33:56)
- And soon thy Lord will give thee so that thou art well pleased.
- Have We not expanded for thee thy bosom. (94:1)
- Is not God sufficient for His servant. (39:36)
- He is only a servant upon whom We bestowed favours.
Thou art from Me and I am from Thee. So fear not nor grieve.
(Biography of Maulavi Abdullah Ghaznavi by Maulavi Abdul Jabbar
Ghaznavi, pp. 10 11)
19. Maulavi Abdul Jabbar Ghaznavi
One Maulavi Ghulam Ali Qasoori objected to the revelations of Maulavi
Abdullah Ghaznavi as follows:
There are some verses in the Quran which are addressed specially
and solely to the Holy Prophet Muhammad. No one else can be addressed
In reply, Maulavi Abdullah Ghaznavis son Maulavi Abdul Jabbar Ghaznavi,
a contemporary of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and a bitter opponent of the
Ahmadiyya Movement, wrote the following:
If someone receives a Divine revelation (ilham) which
is some verse of the Quran addressed particularly to the Holy Prophet
Muhammad, the recipient of this revelation would take it as referring
to himself, and would interpret it in the light of his own circumstances
and draw a lesson from it. ...
So if someone has revealed to him verses specially addressed
to the Holy Prophet, for instance: Have We not expanded for
thee thy breast, thy Lord will soon give thee so that
thou wilt be pleased, Allah will suffice thee against
them, be patient and resolute as the messengers were,
hold thyself with those who call upon their Lord morning and
evening, pray to thy Lord and sacrifice, obey
not him whose heart We have made unmindful of Our remembrance, and
he follows his low desires, He found thee groping and
guided thee; the meaning would be that that person would
be granted these things to the extent that he deserves, according
to his station. And as for the commands and prohibitions [in the revelations],
these would apply to him as to the Holy Prophet.
(Asbat al-ilham, pp. 142 143)
20. Allama Khalid Mahmud
He is a present-day theologian who is a staunch opponent of the Ahmadiyya
Movement. He wrote in an Urdu book:
News of the unseen, visions and revelations are also received
by some non-prophets. Saints (auliya) of God are informed of
news of the unseen. In fact, Umar [the second Caliph] held the rank
of muhaddas, at which station, according to the words of Hadith,
God Himself grants the privilege of His communication, without the
person reaching the rank of prophet.
(Aqidat al-Umma fi mani khatam an-nubuwwat, published
by Idara Hifz-i Muarif-i Islamia, Lahore, 3rd ed., 1965, p. 48, footnote)
21. Sayyid Abul Ala Maudoodi (d. 1979 C.E.)
The most prominent Sunni religious and political leader of recent times
in Pakistan wrote in answer to a question in his monthly magazine:
You appear surprised at there being two types of revelation.
Had you read the Quran you would know that this Book mentions three
types of revelation, only one of which types was collected in the
Quran: It is not for a mortal that God should speak to him
except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or by sending a messenger
who reveals by His permission what He [God] pleases. Here
three forms are described of God sending commandments and guidance
to a man. One is direct revelation, i.e., inspiration into the mind.
A second is speech from behind a veil. The third is that revelation
is sent through a messenger an angel. The revelations collected
in the Holy Quran are only of the third kind.
(Monthly Tarjuman al-Quran, September 1961, p. 100)