See Death of Jesus
1. Quran || 2. Hadith
|| 3. Ijma || 4.
Early Views || 5. Modern Muslim scholars (1)
|| 6. Modern Muslim scholars (2)
|| 7. Modern Muslim scholars (3)
The Death of Jesus
according to Islamic sources - 3
by Maulana Hafiz Sher
3. Evidence of the Ijma of the Muslim
According to Muslim belief, after the Holy Quran and
then the Hadith, the Consensus of the Muslim Community (Ijma)
is a binding argument which every Muslim must accept. So, having proved
from the Quran and the
Hadith that Jesus died a natural death in his own time, it is necessary
to see what decision, explicitly or implicitly, the Ijma
has given in this respect.
After the Holy Prophet Muhammads death, the first
Ijma of the Muslims, in which all the Companions of the
Holy Prophet participated, decided this very issue of Jesus death.
All authorities collectors of Hadith, commentators of the Quran,
and historians record that when the Holy Prophet died, Umar (God
be pleased with him) started saying:
"The Holy Prophet has not died, and shall not
die until God kills the hypocrites."
(Dur Mansur, vol. IV, p. 318)
"The hypocrites say that the Holy Prophet (may
peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him) has died. But he has
not died. He has gone to see the Lord, as did Moses when he stayed
away from his people for forty days and returned after it was thought
that he had died. By God! the Holy Prophet too will certainly return
as Moses returned, and cut off the hands and feet of those who say
that he is dead."
(Sirat Ibn Hisham, Egypt, vol. III, p. 464)
Abu Bakrs arrival and speech
We find in Hadith that Abu Bakr (God be pleased with
him) arrived, saw the Holy Prophet, and:
"He uncovered his face, bent down, kissed him,
wept, and said: I would give my father for you, O Prophet of
God; God would never give you two deaths, and you have died of the
death that God had ordained for you. Abu Salmah says: Ibn Abbas
told me that Abu Bakr came out, and Umar was talking to the people.
He told him to sit down, but he refused. He told him again, and he
still refused. Abu Bakr then recited the Kalima, and the people
turned their attention to him, leaving Umar." (Bukhari, Kitab
Hazrat Abu Bakr then announced:
"Whoever among you worships Muhammad, Muhammad
has indeed died; but whoever worships Allah, Allah lives on for ever,
never dies. Allah says: Muhammad is only a messenger; messengers
before him have indeed passed away... (the Quran, 3:144)."
(Bukhari, Kitab al-Mughazi)
The Companions reaction
"By God, it was as if the people did not know
that God had revealed this verse until Abu Bakr recited it. Then (it
was as if) the people had learnt it from him; and whomever one heard,
he was reciting this verse (i.e. Muhammad is only a messenger;
messengers before him have indeed passed away...)"
(Bukhari, Kitab al-Janaiz)
Hazrat Umar related:
"I was so shocked that my feet could not support
me and I fell to the ground when I heard him recite it (i.e. the verse)
that the Holy Prophet had indeed died." (ibid., Kitab al-Mughazi)
Companions agreed on death of all prophets
Umars contention that the Holy Prophet had only
gone to visit the Lord, and would be returning, was refuted by Abu Bakr,
proving that all previous prophets had died and consequently
also the Holy Prophet. Had Umar or any other companion believed that
Jesus was alive in heaven, he would certainly have spoken out against
Abu Bakrs deduction from the verse that all previous prophets
were dead. This shows that none of the companions even imagined that
Jesus, or any other prophet, was still alive and had not died.
This incident establishes the companions consensus
the first Ijma after the Holy Prophet that
all prophets are dead. It also disproves any isolated reports
ascribed to certain companions that Jesus is alive in heaven, for such
odd reports contradict the Quran, the Hadith, and the Ijma
of the companions, and must therefore be rejected.
The Imam of the Age, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, has
written exactly the same:
"No companion is recorded as denying this argument
put forward by Hazrat Abu Bakr which proves the death of all
previous prophets. And this despite the fact that all the companions
were present there. They were all silent upon hearing the argument.
This proves that all the companions agreed on this point; such agreement
constitutes conclusive evidence, and cannot be in error." (Tiryaq
al-Qulub, p. 285, Sign no. 72)
Next: 4. Early Views