Declaring Muslims as kafir
From about the year 1911 Mirza Mahmud Ahmad started to put forward the
doctrine that it is not sufficient for a person to declare
belief in the Kalima Shahada in order to be a Muslim because
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad had now appeared as a prophet and belief in him must
be acknowledged as well.
According to Mirza Mahmud Ahmad, it is no longer
sufficient for the existing Muslims to believe in the Holy Prophet Muhammad
and all the prophets before him. Now they must also declare that
they believe in the prophet Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as well. Otherwise they
cannot remain Muslims but become just like those Jews and Christians
who believed in the previous prophets but failed to accept the Holy
In a book which the Qadianis have translated and published in English,
Mirza Mahmud Ahmad, while acknowledging his beliefs, writes:
"(3) the belief that all those so-called Muslims who
have not entered into his [Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad's] bai`at formally,
wherever they may be, are Kafirs and outside the
pale of Islam, even though they may not have heard the name of
the Promised Messiah. That these beliefs have my full concurrence, I
(The Truth about the Split, Rabwah, 1965, pp. 55-56. This
book was first published in 1924, and is the translation of his Urdu
book A'inah-i Sadaqat. See the scanned
pages from the original work A'inah-i Sadaqat.)
In this book, Mirza Mahmud Ahmad also gives a summary of his first
article expressing these views which had earlier appeared in April 1911.
He writes regarding this article:
"The article was elaborately entitled `A Muslim is one
who believes in all the messengers of God'. The title itself is sufficient
to show that the article was not meant to prove merely that `those who
did not accept the Promised Messiah were deniers of the Promised Messiah'.
Its object rather was to demonstrate that those
who did not believe in the Promised Messiah were not Muslims."
He further writes:
"Regarding the main subject of my article, I wrote that
as we believed the Promised Messiah to be one of the prophets of God,
we could not possibly regard his deniers as Muslims."
"not only are those deemed to be Kafirs who openly style
the Promised Messiah as Kafir, and those who although they do not style
him thus, decline still to accept his claim, but even those who, in
their hearts, believe the Promised Messiah to be true, and do not even
deny him with their tongues, but hesitate to enter into his Bai`at,
have here been adjudged to be Kafirs."
(pp. 139 -140)
"And lastly, it was argued from a verse of the Holy
Quran that such people as had failed to recognise the Promised Messiah
as a Rasul even if they called him a righteous person with their tongues,
were yet veritable Kafirs." (p. 140)
(See the scanned pages from the original work A'inah-i
According to these views, the only Muslims in the whole world at any
time are those who have taken the bai`at of the Qadiani leader
of the time. In the last quotation above, the closing words given as
"veritable Kafirs" are "pakkay kafir" in
the original Urdu book A'inah-i Sadaqat, of which The Truth
about the Split is the English translation. The word "pakkay"
conveys the significance of "real, true, absolute and full-fledged",
meaning that all other Muslims are kafir in the fullest sense
without the least doubt.
Views of M. Mahmud Ahmad's brother Bashir.
Mirza Mahmud Ahmad's brother Mirza Bashir Ahmad also expressed the same
belief quite plainly. Referring to verses 4:150 -151 of the Holy Quran,
which say that those who believe only in some messengers of Allah and
refuse to believe in others are "truly kafir", M. Bashir Ahmad
writes in a book:
"Thus, according to this verse, every such person who
believes in Moses but does not believe in Jesus, or who believes in
Jesus but does not believe in Muhammad (peace be upon him), or believes
in Muhammad (peace be upon him) but does not believe in the Promised
Messiah, is not only a kafir but pukka
kafir and excluded from the fold of Islam."
This statement expresses the Qadiani belief that all Muslims who do not
belong to the Ahmadiyya Movement are non-Muslims because they do not believe
in Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as a prophet, just
as Jews and Christians are non-Muslims for not believing in the Holy Prophet
Muhammad as a prophet. Again the description used is pukka kafir,
meaning kafir in the real, true, and fullest sense.
(Kalimat-ul-Fasal, by Mirza Bashir Ahmad, published February
1915, p. 20.)
Qadianis disallow funeral prayers for other Muslims.
Since the Qadiani belief is that any non-Qadiani Muslim is a non-Muslim,
just like a Christian or a Hindu is a non-Muslim, the Qadiani leader Mirza
Mahmud Ahmad forbade his followers from saying the funeral prayer of any
non-Qadiani Muslim. This instruction is given by him quite clearly and
forcefully in his book Anwar-i-Khilafat, published October 1916.
At the end of the section where he deals with this question, Mirza Mahmud
Ahmad writes as follows:
Translation of relevant portion:
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"Now another question remains, that is, as non-Ahmadis
are deniers of the Promised Messiah, this is why funeral prayers for
them must not be offered, but if a young child of a non-Ahmadi dies,
why should not his funeral prayers be offered? He did not call the Promised
Messiah as kafir. I ask those who raise this question, that if this
argument is correct, then why are not funeral
prayers offered for the children of Hindus and Christians, and
how many people say their funeral prayers? The
fact is that, according to the Shariah, the religion of the child is
the same as the religion of the parents. So a non-Ahmadi's child is
also a non-Ahmadi, and his funeral prayers must not be said.
Then I say that as the child cannot be a sinner he does not need the
funeral prayers; the child's funeral is a prayer for his relatives,
and they do not belong to us but are non-Ahmadis.
This is why even the child's funeral prayers must not be said.
This leaves the question that if a man who believes Hazrat Mirza sahib
to be true but has not yet taken the bai`at, or is still thinking about
joining Ahmadiyyat, and he dies in this condition, it is possible that
God may not punish him. But the decisions of the Shariah are based on
what is outwardly visible. So we must do the same thing in his case,
and not offer funeral prayers for him." (Anwar-i-Khilafat,
It is quite clear and plain from these instructions that the Qadianis
regard all other Muslims, including the children of those Muslims and
even including those Muslims who believe in the truth of Hazrat Mirza
Ghulam Ahmad but have not taken the pledge to join the Movement, as being
kafir and non-Muslim just like Hindus and Christians.