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Lesson - 3
| Bis-mil-laa-hir Rah-maa-nir Ra-heem.
|| In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
|Al-ham-du lil-laa-hi Rab-bil aa-la-meen.
||All Praise is due to Allah, the Lord of
||The Beneficent, the Merciful,
||Master of the Day of Requital.
|Ee-yaa-ka na -bu-du wa ee-yaa-ka nas-ta- een.
||Thee do we serve and Thee do we beseech for help.
|Ih-di nas si-raa-tal mus-ta-qeem
||Guide us on the right path,
|Si-raa-tal la-zee-na an- am-ta a-lay-him.
||The path of those upon whom Thou hast bestowed favours,
|Ghay-ril magh-doo-bi a-lay-him wa-lad-daal-leen.
||Not those upon whom wrath is brought down, nor those who
Undeniable Proof of Divine Existence
I have mentioned in my previous lesson that the existence of the Divine
Being is the essential basis for a revealed religion or its scripture.
If there is no God, as publicized by contemporary Marxist and materialistic
philosophies, then the claim of any religion or book of being revealed
by the Divine Being for the guidance of mankind holds no validity.
I also pointed out that a hundred and twenty-four thousand prophets,
and a far greater number of righteous servants of Allah, bear testimony
to this. The truthfulness and honesty of these individuals was generally
accepted, and they sacrificed everything they had in the way of
Allah. They faced great difficulties and risked their lives for
His cause. In turn God manifested this undeniable proof of His existence
in their lives: their missions which were considered implausible,
reached fruition with Divine assistance. They were also given the
news of their success at a time of complete hopelessness, and this
announcement was made public. Those who followed them with complete
obedience also found God.
Developments in knowledge and modern scientific thought initially
propagated atheistic beliefs amongst the educated masses. Today
the very same people admit to the unity and existence of the Divine
Being. This is because scientific discovery has proven that the
amazing universe, of which even a single atom holds within it a
phenomenal creation, must have a Creator. He is One since all His
creation works under one universal law.
Modern Age of Atheism
Human intelligence itself makes man aware that this wonderful creation
has a Maker Who is also responsible for its up-keep. His own nature
is also a witness to this; that is why even an atheist is forced to
call upon God in times of distress. In spite of this strong evidence,
why is atheism such a popular phenomenon today?
The answer to this is that in this modem age of scientific and
intellectual development, blind faith is no longer accepted, and
the younger generation does not necessarily follow the beliefs of
the older without questioning. Today, unless there is strong reasoning
to support it, people will not accept an argument. The concept of
the Divine Being presented by religions other than Islam, no longer
appeals to the educated mind. Common conception of the Divine Being
was either that of a stone idol, a cow, or fire. Those who progressed
beyond this started to worship human beings like themselves, be
it Jesus, Mahatma Buddha, Krishna or Rama. According to the Christian
belief Jesus died on the cross, stayed for three days in hell and
was subsequently resurrected. In this case he was no better than
other mortals because all religions tell us that every human being
is brought back to life after his death. Mahatma Buddha, Krishna,
and Rama like ordinary mortals have left this worldly abode. With
the concept of the Divine Being bearing such close resemblance to
mankind, it is not surprising to hear today that either there is
no God or if there was one, He no longer exists. In fact all polytheistic
beliefs (shirk) are dependent on one or several defects or
shortcomings in God; that is why other gods are needed to make up
for these deficiencies. In this age of enlightenment, human intellect
and nature is unwilling to accept a stone idol or another human
being as a god. Such deities would have defects and weaknesses similar
to other humans, and would require associate gods to compensate
for them. Scientific discovery, on the other hand, is providing
evidence that this marvelous universe has One Creator Who possesses
such goodness, strength and power that it astounds the human intellect.
Recognition of Divine Being through His Attributes
The One and Only God Who can be accepted today is the One the Holy
Quran begins to inform us about in the words:
"All Praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds"
(Al-ham-du lil-laa-hi Rab-bil aa-la-meen).
All praise is for Allah, the Only Lord (Rabb) of the worlds,
i.e., He creates, develops and nourishes to perfection the whole
universe and everything within it. Human nature does not appreciate
a defect or a fault in a fellow being; how could it accept any deficiency
or weakness in the Divine Being? God should be free of defects,
in fact all of His attributes should be to the degree of complete
perfection. Alhamdu lil-laah (All praise is for Allah) indicates
that goodness has reached its perfection in Allah. It also tells
us that since all good qualities and excellent praise is for Allah,
the concept of righteousness and all admirable qualities that have
arisen in the human mind are a result of awareness of the attributes
of Allah. The human brain otherwise, like that of any other animal,
is an anatomical organ in which by itself the concept of righteousness
cannot arise. Thus we observe that animals do not have the concept
of rectitude, or higher moral and spiritual values. If they do exhibit
some qualities such as maternal love and tenderness for their offspring,
these have been programmed into their nature by the Creator so that
they can take care of them. They do not have the realization of
what is good or evil, in order to guide them towards performance
of the former or abstention from the latter.
Purpose of Man's Creation
Human beings like all other animals have the instincts of self and
species preservation; however, realization of all other higher moral
and spiritual values is because of Divine revelation which was given
exclusively to them. There is no doubt that the Holy Quran mentions
revelation to animals like the honey bee; it is only to guide it to
fulfill the purpose of its creation. Man has been created for a purpose
much higher than the lower animals, i.e., the realization of Divine
attributes within himself. He was for this reason given knowledge
of these attributes through Divine revelation from the very beginning.
The Holy Quran tells us about this in the verse:
"Then Adam received words (revelation) from his Lord"
Lord (Rabb) is Nourisher unto perfection from the lowest to
the highest stage of development. The condition of man at the time
of birth is similar to an animal. He has been created so that his
spirit which is from Allah should reflect the Divine attributes within
itself. It was for this reason the Holy Prophet Muhammad said:
"Create the moral characteristics of Allah within
The Holy Quran has also referred to this in the verse:
"(We take) Allah's color and who is better than
Allah at coloring and we are His worshippers." (2:138)
Creating Allah's color in oneself obviously means reflecting His
Divine Guidance to all Nations
Allah did not reveal His attributes to the first created man Adam
only. The Holy Quran clearly tells us:
"For every people was a guide," (13:7)
This message was in the form of a revealed scripture which made man
aware of the attributes of Allah, and enjoined him to inculcate those
attributes within his self in a reflective sense. This arrangement
which continued for thousands of years is responsible for creating
the concept of spiritual and moral excellence in the human mind. These
revealed books were either destroyed or corrupted, but the effect
of their teachings remained to some degree. With passage of time the
danger was that even this residual influence may also disappear, so
Allah revealed the Holy Quran. In it Allah gathered together all those
teachings that merited preservation as stated in the verses:
"and for every nation there was a messenger." (10:47)
"A Messenger from Allah, reciting pure pages, wherein
are (all) right books," (98:3)
Allah has taken the responsibility upon Himself to protect the Holy
Quran from destruction or interpolation as indicated in this verse:
"It (the Quran) is a Guardian over it (the previous revelation)."
"Surely We have revealed the Reminder, and surely
We are its Guardian." (15:9)
Thus the forgotten lessons for human guidance have been revealed
as a reminder in this book and Allah guarantees their preservation.
This leads to the essential conclusion that only this book can now
serve as a guide to all nations. This is such a great act of benevolence
towards mankind that spontaneously the words "All praise is
due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds" are articulated by the
suppliant. It must be remembered that the words (Aa-la-min)
also stand for all nations, and Lord (Rabb) means one who
develops from the lowest to the highest stage of physical and spiritual
perfection. Without the heavenly light and guidance of the Holy
Quran man who is unable to rise beyond the animal stage would have
been deprived of the spiritual progress he was created for. Since
this progress is meant for this world and the world Hereafter, how
very beautiful and appropriate are the words, "All praise is
due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds." As man progresses along
this path of moral and spiritual development, he becomes more aware
of Allah's attributes of perfection in excellence and goodness.
To quote Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the Mujaddid (Reformer)
of the 14th century Hijra:
"Since the excellence and goodness of Allah is
unlimited, there is no limitation to the moral and spiritual progress
of mankind in the life Hereafter."
Again, we say: "All praise is due to Allah the Lord of the