Fundamentals of the
in the Light of the Gospels
Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha‘at Islam Lahore, U.S.A., Inc.
First edition 1963
Second edition (retypeset) 1997
© 1997 by Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha‘at Islam Lahore Inc. U.S.A.
All Rights Reserved
Speaking of the Gospel of Jesus, God confirms in the Holy
Quran that it was revealed by Him (3 : 3), and that Jesus was His
apostle (4 : 171), and a true and righteous servant; and (19 : 30)
speaking of his mother, Mary, God testifies that she was a chaste
and pure woman (21 : 91; 66 : 12). These Divine declarations
were intended to absolve and acquit both Mary and Jesus of the
disgraceful charges which the Jews had leveled against them.
These obscene and contemptuous charges had lacerated and rent
the hearts of the Christians; and the Holy Prophet Muhammad
(peace and the blessings of God be upon him) who always stood
for and supported truth, finding the Christians a target of tyranny
and oppression, made up his mind to help them. The Christians
had their abode at Najran, a place far-flung from Medina, and
were helpless and weak, whereas the Jews who were much supe-rior
to the Christians in knowledge, wealth and number, lived in
Medina along with the Holy Prophet. To stand by the weak,
which was bound to provoke the wrath of the stronger nation,
was certainly no small or easy task. The so-called civilized
nations of the twentieth century have nothing to do with the
righteousness of a cause, nor do they cherish any respect or
regard for fair play and justice in favor of a weaker people sub-jected
to oppression. On the contrary, they would stand up to
support the aggression of a stronger nation to gain their selfish
ends; the weeping and wailing of a weaker people, even though
they may be in the right, does not excite in them any feeling of
sympathy. But the Holy Prophet, who always stressed the adop-tion
of righteousness and truth and maintenance of equity and
justice, did not hesitate even for a moment to render help to the
oppressed Christians, even at the risk of provoking the animos-iii.ity of a stronger people who were stricken with prejudice to an
abnormal degree. And it was for this reason that some European
writers as well as some commentators of the Holy Bible have
been pleased to call the Holy Prophet "Chivalrous" for his
unique heroism and courage.
There is yet another fact worth mentioning. The Holy Prophet
had left behind him his word of honor that when the Muslims
would conquer Egypt, they should abide by the sacred covenant
already announced by him, viz., that it should be the responsibil-ity
of the Muslim rulers to protect the life, honor, and property of
every non-Muslim subject of the Islamic State, that all the rights
of citizenship of such subjects should be properly safeguarded,
and that they should enjoy freedom of speech and conscience. All
these rights and privileges were conferred on the Christian sub-jects
of Egypt when it was conquered. However it came to pass
on one occasion that the son of ‘Amr bin al-‘As, the conqueror
and governor of Egypt, beat up a Christian in public. This inci-dent
threw the Muslim rulers to a severe test. When the news
reached Medina, the Caliph Hazrat Umar Faruq summoned both
the governor and the young prince to appear before him at
Medina, where the Caliph reprimanded the governor, saying:
_ Arabic is used here.
[i.e. since how long have you assumed the authority of enslav-ing
people born free by their mothers?] This reproof uttered by
a just and truth-loving Caliph, as Hazrat Umar was, is a histori-cal
fact and shall abide and endure for all time to come. Besides
this sharp admonition, the young prince was also punished in the
presence of his father and the public.
This action of justice created confidence in the minds of the
people: it convinced them that the rights of the non-Muslim sub-jects
were absolutely safe and secure in the Islamic State. On the
Christians of Egypt particularly it produced a very wholesome
effect; they would never imagine that the Muslim rulers and
their princes could also be held to account for their deeds and
punished, and that too for the sake of protection of the non-
iv FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.Muslims. They came to know that the Islamic law recognizes no
such thing as any person’s special privilege or prerogative.
Having recounted these instructive facts of history, we wish
the Christians of the world in general, and those of Pakistan in
particular, to recall Jesus’ (peace be on him) teaching: Love thine
enemy. Is it, then, right for them to harbor animosity and ill-will
in their minds against such a kind and benevolent personality as
the Holy Prophet of Islam and pour into the ears of the Muslim
youth poisonous and perverted things against him? The people
of Pakistan expected no such treatment at the hands of the
Christians, and it is not surprising that this behavior should
shock and rend the hearts of the people of Pakistan.
The Christian subjects of Pakistan are witnesses to the pleas-ing
spectacle of Islamic toleration. They are living a life of
honor and peace. They enjoy freedom of every kind, and their
way of life, their religious rites and worship are not interfered
with in any way. Their rights are thoroughly safeguarded and
many Christians hold high positions in the country’s administra-tive
machinery. These are, undoubtedly, the fine fruits of the
Holy Prophet’s sublime teachings which they are enjoying to
their benefit. It is, therefore, not proper for them to use offensive
and bitter language in respect of this benign benefactor. We
appeal to the Christians of the world in general, and those of
Pakistan in particular, that they should revise and reconsider
their methods and ways of preaching, and abstain from practices
which injure Muslim feelings. The world today stands in need of
peace and mutual goodwill more than it ever did before. The
Holy Prophet’s principles which have been stated in the clearest
terms point out that just as God is the Rabb and Lord of the
entire universe, so He is the Rabb, i.e. Cherisher, of all the
nations of the world, that all the nations of the world are one
great family of God, and that those who treat this great Family
of the Most Beneficent God with kindness and affection are His
loved ones. It has, further, been taught by the Holy Prophet that
just as, for the development of our physical faculties, God has
bestowed upon all nations of the world, without distinction or
discrimination, the blessings of sun and moon, wind and rain, in
FOREWORD v.vi FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
like manner, for the development of their spiritual and moral
faculties, He has showered His spiritual bounties upon all the
nations of the world in the form of Heavenly Books; and for that
reason, such noble and righteous men of God have been appear-ing
among the nations as worshipped and adored the Most High
God, and rendered selfless service to His creatures. And it was
for this reason that the Muslims have been commanded to
believe in all the prophets and Sacred Scriptures of all the
nations of the world, and to cherish profound respect for them
all, and to have sincere faith that God’s good and righteous men
are found among all the peoples of the world. These articles of
faith go a long way to bring about genuine union among the peo-ples
of the world, and to establish real peace.
The Concept of Divine Unity in the Gospels 1
Divine Commandments and Tradition 2
Jesus did not Teach the Doctrine of Atonement
—Sin Washed off by Repentance 3
Man’s Moral and Spiritual Reform 4
God is Pleased with Those who Repent 5
Repentance Procures Paradise 5
Universal Belief in the Healing and
Uplifting Power of Repentance 6
The Law of Reclamation 8
Jesus and the Doctrine of Atonement 8
The Ways of God’s Will and Pleasure 10
Superiority of Spiritual over Blood Relationship 10
Divine Word Gives Life 11
One and the Same Law for the Evolution
of Body and Soul 12
Salvation Depends on Obedience to
Divine Commandments 13
Sinful Life Leads into Hell 15
God Forgives Sinners 17
The Righteous Have Always Existed in the World
says the Gospel 17
Zacharias and His Wife were Righteous 18
Doctrine of Atonement contrary to Biblical Teaching 19
Mention of Prophetesses and Righteous Women 19
Enoch, too, is Alive in Heaven 20
Belief in God requires Obedience to His Apostle 21
Jesus, a Human Being and an Apostle of God 22
vii.viii FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
Jesus was an Apostle of God 23
Jesus, a Near One of God 24
Signs of the Near Ones of God 25
Jesus, not God, but God’s Apostle 25
Jesus was not God, but Man 25
Jesus, the Son of a Prophet 27
Jesus included Himself among Prophets 28
Jesus was like other Prophets 28
False Prophets 29
Jesus, a Human Being 30
Jesus had a Human Father 30
Jesus Worked as a Carpenter for Thirty Years 31
Jesus was the Son of a Carpenter 32
Jesus Lived in Constant Fear
Which is not an Attribute of God 33
Jesus was from the Seed of David, and was not God 33
Jesus Had Been Raised for the Guidance
of The Children of Israel 34
Jesus, a Follower of Jewish Law 35
Jesus’ Mental and Physical Development
like other Human Children 36
The Gospels regard Jesus as a Human Being 36
No Historical Evidence of Jesus 36
Humility and Humanity of Jesus 37
No Mention of Church Dogma in the
Sermon on the Mount 37
Sermon on the Mount opposed to Teaching
of Church Christianity 38
Jesus Opposed to the Doctrine of Atonement 40
Significance of the Term "Son of God" only a Metaphor 40
Judas Iscariot called Son of Devil 41
Called the Children of the Devil 41
Significance of becoming the Son of God,
and becoming the Son of the Devil 42
The Righteous Called Angels and Children of God 43
Enoch’s Ascension and Faithfulness 44
Melchisedec Like unto the Son of God 44.No Exclusive Distinction for Jesus 45
Human to the Bone of His Back 46
Jesus on the Judgement Day 46
Jesus Lower than Angels 47
The Effect which Jesus Produced on his
Kith and Kin and Disciples 47
How Jesus Treated His Mother 47
Effect on Other Relatives 48
Disciples’ Rebuke and Renunciation 51
Impression Jesus Created on Jewish Mind 51
Jesus’ Uncivil Language 51
Undue Favor to an Adulterous 52
Anointed by a Harlot 52
Violation of the Sabbath 53
No External Cleanliness 53
Plucking of Others’ Corn 53
Riding a Stolen Ass 53
A Wine-bibber 53
Jesus’ Wishing Desolation of Jerusalem 53
Accused of Calling Himself the Son of God 54
Charge of High Treason 54
The Crucifixion 55
The Damned Death 55
Disciples’ Monstrous Interpretation 55
Jewish Charge, the Basis of Christian Belief 56
The Gospels Contradict Church Doctrine 57
Jesus Taken Down Alive from the Cross 57
Forty Days after Regaining Consciousness 57
His Flesh and Bones 57
Jesus’ Picture in the Museums of Europe and America 58
FOREWORD ix..Fundamentals of
The Christian Faith
in the Light of the Gospels
Man studies Sacred Scriptures that he may be able to get a
good knowledge of the Most High God, and of the ways and
means of His will and pleasure. Both these important objects can
be gained through a careful study of the Gospels. First of all, the
Gospels should be studied to obtain knowledge of the Most High
God; for, without a knowledge of that Supreme Being, neither
peace of mind nor purity of action can be achieved.
THE CONCEPT OF DIVINE UNITY IN THE GOSPELS
About the Most High God the Gospels say that He is the One
True God, Who alone should be worshipped and adored, served
devotedly and obeyed; and that it is senseless and irrational to
raise a creature of His, whosoever he may be, to Divine heights.
In this context, the following verses may be read with advantage:
Again, the devil taketh him [Jesus] up into an exceeding high
mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and
the glory of them; and saith unto him, All these things will I give
thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. Then saith Jesus unto
him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship
the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve (Matt., 4:8-10).
This passage inculcates in an unambiguous and plain language
that the Most High God is the One True God, Who alone should
be worshipped and adored, and no other being excepting Him
should be invoked in prayer. Besides Matthew, other Gospels, too,
have laid stress upon this rational and useful doctrine:
(1) And one of the scribes asked . . . him, Which is the first
commandment of all? And Jesus answered him, The first of all
1.2 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
the commandments is: Hear O Israel; The Lord our God is one
Lord: and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart ,
and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy
strength: this is the first commandment. And the second is like,
namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. There is
none other commandment greater than these. And the scribe said
unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one
God; and there is none other than he…. And when Jesus saw that
he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from
the kingdom of God…. (Mark, 12:28-34).
(2) And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him,
saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? He said unto
him, What is written in the law? How readest thou? And he
answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy
heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all
thy mind; and thy neighbor as thyself. And he said unto him, Thou
has answered right: this do, and thou shalt live (Luke, 10:25-28).
Matthew in his Gospel (22:37-39) has also recorded this
rational teaching literatim and then stresses its importance thus
(22:40): On these two commandments hang all the law and the
(3) And this is eternal life, that they might know thee the only
true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent [as Prophet]
From these passages, it is clear beyond all doubt that Jesus
taught and preached that man should believe in the only true
God, and should worship and adore none besides Him.
DIVINE COMMANDMENT AND TRADITION
As against this Divine teaching, it is highly foolish and
improper to take to any other traditional man-made teaching.
Jesus, too, had sensed this inclination of the people, namely, that
setting aside the Book of God, they begin to show obedience to
the personal biddings of their religious preceptors. Jesus said:
For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tra-dition
of men…. And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the.commandment of God, that ye may keep your tradition (Mark,
This important caution of Jesus has also been recorded by
Matthew in his Gospel (15:3-6):
Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your
tradition?…. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of
none effect by your tradition.
This word of warning uttered by Jesus himself should be suf-ficient
to awaken the Christians to the Gospel truth, so that they
should refuse to accept the dogma of Trinity which stands in
defiance of the unity of God.
JESUS DID NOT TEACH THE DOCTRINE
SIN WASHED OFF BY REPENTANCE
The other doctrine whereon Jesus has laid special stress is
that man, renouncing all his sinful activities through remorse
and repentance, should become as pure and clean as an innocent
child whose very nature abhors sin and cherishes love for virtue.
Jesus even tries to carry man much higher than this state of inno-cence,
and inculcates that if you wish to be perfect, you must
imbue yourself with Divine attributes. This is indeed an ideal
teaching, which stands in bold contrast to the notion of Original
Sin and the consequent dogma of Atonement. To quote Jesus’
Then were there brought unto him little children, that he
should put his hands on them, and pray: and the disciples rebuked
them. But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not to
come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven (Matt.,
Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in
heaven is perfect (Matt., 5:48).
That man should strive to become innocent and pure like
children, and that he should imbue himself with Divine attrib-utes,
was the highest aim of Jesus’ ministry. It will, therefore, be
SIN WASHED OFF BY REPENTANCE 3.4 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
the grossest injustice to Jesus to assert that he inculcated that
man was sinful by nature. On the contrary, Jesus never believed
that man had become rotten and impure to such an extent that it
was impossible to reclaim and reform him, and that the only way
to save and deliver him was that Jesus himself should lay down
his life on the cursed Cross, bearing the burden of the sins of
humanity. There is nothing in the Gospel to approve and endorse
this doctrine. The Gospel, while directing on the one hand that
man should become sinless and pure like innocent children, and
should imbue himself with Divine attributes, cannot on the other
hand have subscribed to the doctrine of Atonement.
MAN’S MORALAND SPIRITUAL REFORM
The recipe which can bring about and restore man’s spiritual
and moral equilibrium is Repentance. It means the giving up of
the wrong way, and returning to the right path. Man quits the
wrong path only when he comes to believe that trudging upon it
will prove injurious. He, therefore, returns to the right way,
remorse-stricken. The fire of regret and repentance burns up and
consumes his sins; and his mind consequently regains spiritual
harmony. The human body has inherently been made healthful
by the Most High God. Of course, man sometimes falls ill, but
he regains health after proper treatment. Very much in the same
way, God has created man sound and strong spiritually also, but
whenever he falls a prey to some immoral tendency, repentance
comes to his rescue and he recovers moral health. The same
Supreme Being, Who has laid down a law for the physical
recovery of the ailing man, has also ordained a law for his spir-itual
healing. And it was in view of this eternal truth that Jesus
emphasized that one should have recourse to repentance for spir-itual
reconstruction. See what Jesus observes in this connection:
From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for
the kingdom of heaven is at hand (Matt., 4:17).
And Levi made him a great feast in his own house: and there
was a great company of publicans and of others that sat down
with them. But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his.disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with the publicans
and sinners? And Jesus answering said unto them, They that are
whole need not a physician; but they that are sick. I came not to
call the righteous, but sinners to repentance (Luke, 5:29-32).
GOD IS PLEASED WITH THOSE WHO REPENT
Jesus (peace be on him) further said: Just as a shepherd,
recovering one lost sheep, becomes happy and pleased:
I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one
sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just per-sons,
which need no repentance (Luke, 15:7).
It is obvious from these quotations that Jesus believed in the
universal fact that healthy and the "whole" persons exist along
with the sick, and the sinners side by side with the righteous, and
that just as the healthy and the "whole" stand in no need of a
physician, likewise the righteous need no repentance. Jesus also
says that a sinner is healed with repentance and that when a
sinner repents, there is joy in heaven over this act of the sinner.
REPENTANCE PROCURES PARADISE
Jesus reposed full belief in the fact, as is borne out by the fol-lowing
verses, that a man could inherit paradise by having
recourse to repentance and remorse:
Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publi-cans
and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you. For
John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed
him not: but the publicans and harlots believed him: and ye,
when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might
believe him (Matt., 21:31-32).
Jesus has stated here in clear words that Repentance is such
a sure and sovereign remedy that it would prove efficacious for
any and every ailing person in every age. John the Baptist tried
this effective cure with the result that the publicans and the har-lots
entered the kingdom of God.
REPENTANCE PROCURES PARADISE 5.6 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
UNIVERSAL BELIEF IN THE HEALING AND
UPLIFTING POWER OF REPENTANCE
The unfailing efficacy of this cure is admitted by every
nation of the world. Through Repentance sinful people are enno-bled
and purified; even the thieves give up their life-long habit
of stealing, and begin to live a new and honest life; and the liars,
forsaking their degrading habit, become trustworthy and truth-ful.
Reformatory schools profess that repentance is efficacious,
jails make use of this universal cure with manifest advantage, by
the grace whereof some of their wretched inmates give up their
old habits, and start a better and improved life. If man’s recla-mation
had been an impossibility, no reformatory schools would
ever have been established, nor would Jesus or his forerunner,
John the Baptist, have emphasized the doctrine of Repentance.
We read in Matthew:
Then went out to him [John the Baptist] Jerusalem, and all
Judea, and all the region round about Jordan, and were baptized
of him in Jordan, confessing their sins. But when he saw many of
the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto
them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from
the wrath to come? Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repen-tance:
and think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham
to our father…therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good
fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire (Matt., 3:5-10).
In fine, all the wise men of the world and all the apostles
raised by God have found it very useful for the reclamation of a
fallen man that he should repent, i.e. believing that the wrong
path pursued by him is deadly and destructive, he should turn
back to the right way. It is true that he repairs to this course only
when the disadvantages of the wrong path become conspicuous
before his eyes and he becomes fully conscious of the shame and
disgrace that await him. The fire of self-reproach burns down his
sins to ashes, and the tears of his regret and remorse wash off the
stains produced by his transgression. Repentance was the chief
cure of John the Baptist about whom the following description
will prove instructive, for is has a special bearing on this subject:.7
He shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink nei-ther
wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy
Ghost, even from his mother’s womb. And many of the children
of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God [through repen-tance]…
and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just [through
repentance] (Luke, 1:15-17).
The teaching of John the Baptist bore good fruit so that even
the harlots entered the kingdom of God (Matt., 21:31). To assert
in the face of these hard facts that man cannot be delivered of sin
is to contradict the Divine truth, and to give the lie to the teach-ing
of the righteous prophets like Jesus and John the Baptist.
Jesus has, like John, laid utmost stress upon the doctrine that
man can be cleansed of sin through repentance, and become as
pure and clean as an innocent child:
And Jesus called a little child unto him, and set him in the
midst of them, and said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be con-verted,
and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the
kingdom of heaven (Matt., 18:2-3).
Jesus has indeed expounded and explained this great princi-ple
of Repentance on many occasions. He said, addressing
Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he
cannot see the kingdom of God. Nicodemus saith unto him, How
can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter the second time
into his mother’s womb, and be born? (John 3:3-4).
It is obviously clear that Nicodemus could not understand the
words spoken by Jesus. Jesus meant to say that man should
bring about such a complete change by means of repentance that
it may seem as if he was born again. All the prophets, as stated
by Jesus himself, have agreed unanimously upon this great prin-ciple
taught by Jesus and John the Baptist:
Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchers of the prophets, and
your fathers killed them. Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the
deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and ye build
their sepulchers. Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will
send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall
UNIVERSAL BELIEF IN THE HEALING… 7.8 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
slay and persecute…. Verily I say unto you, lawyers! for ye have
taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves,
and them that were entering in ye hindered (Luke, 11:47-52).
THE LAW OF RECLAMATION
It can be easily understood from this sacred text that the law
which the Most High God gave unto the prophets for the recla-mation
of a fallen man was the doctrine of Repentance, and he
actually succeeded in bringing many a fallen man back to the
virtuous path by its means, and sinners became worthy and fit to
be admitted into the kingdom of God. This beneficial law which
had been inculcated by the prophets is also found embedded in
the very nature of man. Parents reform their children by this
effective cure, and teachers succeed in reclaiming spoilt chil-dren.
It is on account of this natural goodness of the human heart
that convicts come to adopt a new life and become useful citi-zens
of the State. It is the same natural law by means of which
ailments of the human body are cured, and the body once again
becomes healthy and "whole." In the physical as well as in the
spiritual world this law of God holds good, and it has proved to
be invariably true and effective. The Most High God, being mer-ciful
and compassionate, would never wish that a man who has
once fallen ill should ever remain so. In the same way, it is not
His law that one who has once committed a sin should continue
to welter in sin, and should be condemned and thrown out of His
kingdom for all time to come.
JESUS AND THE DOCTRINE OF ATONEMENT
Jesus has taught in the clearest terms that just as it is in the
nature of man to forgive and forget, in like manner it is also the
glory of the Most High God to forgive sins. And it is for this
reason that he has laid utmost emphasis on this teaching that it
is proper and meet for a person to forgive him who has offended
against him or, in other words, who has committed a sin against
him. Jesus has taught us to pray: O God! forgive us our sins, as
we forgive them who have sinned against us. He has also warned
us, saying, if we forgive not them who have trespassed against.JESUS AND THE DOCTRINE OF ATONEMENT 9
us, the Most High God, too, will not forgive us for our tres-passes.
Let us ponder over the words of his prayer:
After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in
heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be
done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread.
And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us
not into temptation.…For if ye forgive men their trespasses,
your heavenly Father will also forgive you: but if ye forgive not
men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your tres-passes
The same teaching has been reiterated in the following verses:
Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my
brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times? Jesus
saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but until
seventy times seven. Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened
unto a certain king, which would take account of his ser-vants…
Then the lord of that servant was moved with
compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the debt. . . .And
his lord was wroth [with another servant who had not forgiven
his brother’s debt of an hundred pence], and delivered him to the
tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him. So like-wise
shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your
hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses (Matt.,
Or what man is there of you, whom if his son ask bread, will
he give him a stone? Or if he ask a fish, will he give him a ser-pent?
If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto
your children, how much more shall your Father which is in
heaven give good things to them that ask him? Therefore all
things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even
so to them: for this is the law and the prophets (Matt., 7:9-12).
This teaching which constitutes real good tidings is in perfect
unison with human nature and is readily accepted..10 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
THE WAYS OF GOD’S WILL AND PLEASURE
The teaching of the prophets is not limited to repentance
alone. This part of their teaching pertains only to those people
who are morally sick. As for those who are not so, or have
recovered after a spell of moral ailment, the most important part
of their teaching is to persuade them to seek and search after the
ways of God’s will and pleasure. Jesus, who was one of the
apostles of God, has also laid stress upon the achievement of
God’s will and pleasure, observing that it can be obtained only
through complete submission to His commandments. He said
that the Divine Word certainly gives life, that is to say, the Word
of God or the Book of God, which enjoined upon men to walk
in the way of God’s will and pleasure, infuses a new life into
them. In Jesus’ own words:
(1) Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him
that sent me, and to finish his work (John, 4:34).
In this verse Jesus has stated clearly in respect of himself that
he had been sent by the Most High God as an apostle, and that
the purpose of his life was to do the will of God, and fulfil the
work of preaching truth, entrusted to him. The highest destiny of
all the prophets and in fact of all mankind is to carry out the will
of God — which results in a happy and peaceful life. This sub-lime
and ennobling doctrine contradicts and falsifies the notions
of Original Sin and the consequent Atonement.
SUPERIORITY OF SPIRITUAL
OVER BLOOD RELATIONSHIP
(2) Said Jesus, if his blood-relations believed not in him, they
were not his relatives, and that his relatives were those who
acted according to the will of the Most High God. It is stated in
the Gospel according to Mark (3:31-35):
There came then his brethren and his mother, and, standing
without, sent unto him, calling him. And the multitude sat about
him, and they said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy
brethren without seek for thee. And he answered them, saying,
Who is my mother, or my brethren? And he looked round about.on them which sat about him, and said, Behold my mother and
my brethren! For whosoever shall do the will of God, the same
is my brother, and my sister, and mother.
It appears from this statement of Jesus that his mother, broth-ers
and sisters believed not in his teachings, and it was for this
reason that he neither stood up to receive them, nor considered
their relationship to be a point of honor and pride for himself. On
the other hand, he gave preference over them to those others
who accepted and acknowledged his teachings.1 Jesus himself
obeyed the commandments of the Most High God, and he
required of his followers also to do the same. According to
Jesus, those who do the will of God are his relations and are
placed above those who claim blood relationship with him.
DIVINE WORD GIVES LIFE
(3) Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to
be tempted of the devil. And when he had fasted forty days and
forty nights, he was afterward an hungered. And when the
tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, com-mand
that these stones be made bread. But he answered and
said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every
word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God (Matt., 4:1-4).
Just as rain generates life in the dead soil, in the same way
Divine Word brings to life the dead soil of the human heart. It is
a fact of Nature that the human heart is God-conscious, and it is
on account of this natural affinity that the Word of God succeeds
in fertilizing the soil of human heart. And just as the development
of body imparts strength to physical organs, likewise the devel-opment
of mental and spiritual faculties builds up an excellent
moral fabric. Teachers entrusted with the education of young
1 Jesus’ indifferent attitude towards his kith and kin was not without reason.
They were opposed to his teachings, which they called and condemned as
a madman’s raving. Mark has this sad story on record in the following
And the multitude cometh together again, so that they could not so much
as eat bread. And when his friends heard of it, they went out to lay hold on
him: for they said, He is beside himself.
DIVINE WORD GIVES LIFE 11.12 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
children know full well that it is the proper evolution of the fac-ulties
planted in the minds of children that makes man a real man,
and lifts him up to the highest plane of spirituality. The purpose
of human life is achieved by unfolding and evolving these facul-ties
which the Most High God has created in man, and it was with
reference to this great aim that Jesus had said that Divine Word
infuses life into the human heart. This teaching of Jesus is, of a
truth, sublime and scientific. His great aim was to cultivate
human faculties with the water of heavenly word, and this should
be the highest goal and objective before mankind. All psycholo-gists
and educationists keep this principle in view. No
educationist can subscribe to the dogma of Original Sin, which
forms the basis of Atonement. This truth was affirmed by Jesus:
Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God (Matt., 5:8).
What a fine and elevating teaching is this, compared to which the
doctrine of Atonement neither appeals, nor offers any attraction,
to the people of knowledge and understanding!
ONE AND THE SAME LAW FOR THE EVOLUTION
OF BODY AND SOUL
Jesus has said that the same God Who has created body has
also created soul, i.e. the creator of both body and soul is one
and the same Being. It is, therefore, necessary that there should
be one and the same law governing the evolution of both the
body and the soul. In this connection, Luke records (11:37-41):
And as he spake, a certain Pharisee besought him to dine
with him: and he went in, and sat down to meat. And when the
Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed before
dinner. And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make
clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part
is full of ravening and wickedness. Ye fools, did not he that made
that which is without make that which is within also? But rather
give alms of such things as you have; and, behold, all things are
clean unto you.
The texts of the Gospel set forth lucidly that there is, in the
laws governing the body and the soul, homogeneity and coher-.ence. If the soul be sick, abomination creeps into human deeds,
but if the soul be healthy and pure, goodness and excellence are
reflected in man’s actions. Divine Word is the light of the soul.
When the soul is illuminated with God’s Word, goodness and
virtue are mirrored in human actions. This teaching of Jesus,
there is no gainsaying the fact, is at once rational and useful. It
appeals to human nature and penetrates into the human soul. To
inculcate and preach the unintelligible doctrine of Atonement, as
against this beautiful teaching, is to belie and repudiate the shin-ing
truths taught by Jesus.
SALVATION DEPENDS ON OBEDIENCE TO
Salvation depends upon a true belief in the existence of the
Most High God, and complete obedience to His command-ments.
(1) And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only
true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou has sent [as a prophet]
To repose faith in the One True God and to look upon Jesus
as His apostle has been inculcated in this verse. And these two
articles of faith, which are of fundamental importance, are the
only factors that can create moral rectitude and purity in human
actions. Just as it in necessary to believe in the One True God, in
the same way it is also necessary to believe in the apostle who
points to the ways and means of acquiring Divine pleasure, and
who himself leads the life of an exemplar.
(2) Emphasizing the importance of doing good deeds, Jesus
And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which
I say? Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and
doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like: he is like a man
which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation
on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently
upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon
a rock. But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that
SALVATION DEPENDS ON OBEDIENCE… 13.without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against
which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell;
and the ruin of that house was great (Luke, 6:46-49).
(3) Matthew reads to the same effect:
And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what
good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? And he said
unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one,
that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the command-ments….
The young man saith unto him, All these things have I
kept from my youth up: what lack I yet? Jesus said unto him, If
thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the
poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven (Matt., 19:16-21).
(4) There came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked
him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?
And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is
none good but one, that is, God. Thou knowest the command-ments.
. . .And he answered and said unto him, Master, all these
have I observed from my youth….Then Jesus . . .said unto him,
One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatever thou hast, and
give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven (Mark,
(5) And they [the angels] shall gather out of his kingdom all
things that offend, and them which do iniquity; and shall cast
them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing
of teeth, Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the
kingdom of their Father (Matt., 13:41-43).
(6) And these [i.e. the evil-doers] shall go away into ever-lasting
punishment: but the righteous into life eternal
(7) I say unto you, that except your righteousness shall
exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in
no case enter into the kingdom of heaven (Matt., 5:20).
(8) Let your light so shine before men, that they may see
your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven
14 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.From these verses it is clear beyond all doubt that Jesus,
besides requiring the people to be chaste and pure, also brought
home to them with great force and clarity that, without real and
true righteousness, life eternal could never be achieved.
Furthermore, it transpires from a study of these verses that the
most desirable thing, as believed by Jesus, was that people
should turn to and obey the Most High God, and adopt a life of
God-fearing and good actions. This and this only is the way that
pleases God and God’s people. The dogma of Atonement, there-fore,
appears to be repugnant to the true teachings of Jesus
Christ. This doctrine should therefore be renounced.
SINFUL LIFE LEADS INTO HELL
Just as noble and virtuous living gains life eternal for man, in
the same way a sinful and vicious life generates the fire of hell.
In this connection Gospel texts read:
(1) Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!…ye are
the children of them which killed the prophets…Ye serpents, ye
generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?
(2) The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given
to a nation bringing forth the fruit thereof (Matt., 21-43).
(3) They [the angels] shall gather out of his kingdom…them
which do iniquity; and shall cast them into a furnace of fire:
there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then shall the right-eous
shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father (Matt.,
(4) So shall it be at the end of the world [just as from among
the good fish the bad ones are cast away]: the angels shall come
forth, and sever the wicked from among the just, and shall cast
them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnash-ing
of teeth (Matt., 13:49-50).
(5) O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak
good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth
speaketh. A good man out of the good treasure of the heart
bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil trea-
SINFUL LIFE LEADS INTO HELL 15.sure bringeth forth evil things. But I say unto you, That every
idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof
on the day of judgement. For by thy words thou shalt be justi-fied,
and by thy words thou shalt be condemned (Matt.,
(6) A woman of ill-repute came and poured perfumed oint-ment
on Jesus’ head and feet, whereupon Jesus said:
Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole
world, there shall also this, that this woman hath done, be told
for a memorial of her (Matt., 26:13; Mark, 14:9; Luke, 7:37-39).
(7) When a poor widow contributed two mites which made a
farthing, to be spent in the way of God, Jesus said unto his dis-ciples:
Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more
in, than all they which have cast into the treasury (Mark, 12:43).
These verses throw a flood of light on some very vital ques-tions,
affirming that salvation depends on leading a righteous
and honest life. Even the smallest good is acceptable to and has
its reward with the Most High God. The doctrine of Atonement,
in the face of this great truth, appears opposed to the word of
God, and therefore loses ground. The following verses run in the
(8) Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart
from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil
and his angels (Matt., 25:41).
(9) Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter
into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my
Father which is in heaven….And then will I profess unto them,
I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth
them, I will liken him unto a wise man….And everyone that
heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be
likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand
(10) Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left
house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or
16 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.children, or lands, for my sake, and the gospel’s. But he shall
receive an hundredfold now in this time (Mark, 10:29).
(11) And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake: but
he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved (Mark,
(12) A Samaritan took mercy on an afflicted man. Jesus
appreciated and admired him, saying that he acted up to the
Divine Commandment which said: Love thy neighbor as thyself
It can be easily gathered from these clearly-worded verses of
the Gospel that the Most High God thinks well of and requires
noble deeds. His Law, in this respect, is one and the same for a
Christian, a Samaritan, and any other non-Christian. People who
call themselves Christians, but act not in conformity with Jesus’
teachings, shall be turned out of the kingdom of God; for lip-profession
has no value, no atonement will come to their rescue.
GOD FORGIVES SINNERS
God hears not the sinners, nor accepts their worship. But if a
sinner should repent, and, recoiling from his evil course, reform
himself, then the Most High God certainly forgives him. It is
recorded in John (9:31) that God heareth not sinners: but if any
man be a worshipper of God, and doeth his will, him he heareth.
Likewise, it is stated in Luke (15:7) that even if one sinner
should repent, and forsaking the wrong way, return to the Right
Path, the Most High God becomes happy and pleased.
THE RIGHTEOUS HAVE ALWAYS EXISTED
IN THE WORLD, SAYS THE GOSPEL
Whereas it is explicitly stated in the Gospel that ever since
the world came into being, the righteous people have ever been
present in it, the Gospel nowhere says that the whole of the
human race is sinful by nature. From a study of the verses
quoted below, it becomes abundantly clear that Adam himself
was good and righteous; and from his seed righteous people
have been born in every age.
THE RIGHTEOUS HAVE ALWAYS EXISTED… 17.(1) God created man [Adam] in his own image (Gen., 1:27).
(2) Adam. . .was the son of God (Luke, 3:38).
To be called and denominated as the son of God is, as a
matter of fact, the highest honor which can be attained only by
doing good and righteous deeds with a devoted and sincere
heart. It would be highly absurd for the Gospel to say that Adam
was the son of God and then to say, in the same breath, that he
was born in sin, and so also his progeny,
(3) Adam had two sons, Abel and Cain. The Torah says about
them: The Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering (Gen.,
4:4). Abel was, in the sight of God, good and righteous, and was
designated as the first martyr (refer Gen., 4:3-5; Matt., 23:35;
It is thus evident that there were born, among the children of
Adam, good as well as guilty persons, and that neither Adam nor
the whole of his progeny were sinful and iniquitous. The histor-ical
truths recorded in the Bible prove conclusively that the
doctrine of calling and condemning Adam and his offspring as
sinful by nature is a doctrine repugnant to the Divine teaching
revealed by the Most High God. For instance:
ZACHARIAS AND HIS WIFE WERE RIGHTEOUS
(4) Zacharias and his wife, Elisabeth, were both righteous
before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of
the Lord blameless (Luke, 1:5-6).
(5) John the Baptist was righteous and great. It was said of
him through a prophecy that he shall be great in the sight of the
Lord…and shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his
mother’s womb (Luke 1:13-15).
These verses prove beyond question that Zacharias and his
wife were both sinless and righteous, and that it is within the
power of man to abide by and obey Divine Commandments, and
that all blessedness and bliss lies in the observance of Divine
Laws. It is, therefore, absolutely wrong to assert that the chil-dren
of Adam are sinful by nature and that salvation is
obtainable by atonement and not by means of righteous living.
18 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.The Church Christianity, as we have it today, condemns the best
of creation by calling all the human race as inherently sinful.
Such a teaching, it needs no saying, which casts disgrace on the
entire humanity, certainly cannot be from the Heavenly Father.
DOCTRINE OF ATONEMENT CONTRARY TO
Both Zacharias and his wife were righteous and blameless,
and their son John, too, who had been raised as a prophet by the
Most High God, was righteous and great and, through his sub-lime
teaching, people also became noble and righteous. In view
of these truths stated by the Gospel, the doctrine of Atonement
is evidently baseless and irrational; rather it is dead against the
true and sensible teaching of the Bible. To regard such a dogma
as a cardinal principle of religion and to ascribe it to Jesus Christ
is highly objectionable.
MENTION OF PROPHETESSES
AND RIGHTEOUS WOMEN
(6) Even Joseph, the husband of Mary, has been spoken of in
the Gospel as a just man (Matt., 1:19), and in the same way,
another man, Joseph of Arimathaea, has been called a good and
just man (Luke, 23:50).
(7) A woman, Anna, was a prophetess (Luke, 2:36). Besides
her, the Torah and the Gospel make mention of other women
who were Divine Messengers and, pointing out the ways of
God’s will and pleasure, called upon the people to walk in the
way of God. It is not, therefore, proper and meet for the
Christians to call and condemn woman as the source of sin, nei-ther
is it right to believe that man has ever been such a devil.
(8) And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name
was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for
the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him
MENTION OF PROPHETESSES… 19.ENOCH, TOO, IS ALIVE IN HEAVEN
(9) By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death;
and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his
translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God. But with-out
faith it is impossible to please him (Hebrews, 11:5-6).
The Gospel calls Enoch as the near and dear one of God. And
it is, therefore, unjustifiable and incorrect to profess and preach
as a fundamental principle of faith that all the children of Adam
are sinful, and that the only way to save and deliver them is to
repose belief in the dogma of Atonement.
This sacred verse tells us that Enoch is alive in heaven, and
the commandment of the Most High God in respect of him is
that he shall not see death. If we should accept, for the sake of
argument, the Christian claim that Jesus is alive in heaven
wherefrom he will descend again on this earth, and then he will
close his eyes in a sleep that knows no waking, it shall have to
be admitted in all fairness that Enoch has been given a higher
status than Jesus
(10) Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high
God….; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and
after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; without
father, without mother, without descent, having neither begin-ning
of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God
Whereas, on the one hand, the position of Melchesidec
appears to be much superior in every respect to that of Jesus, on
the other hand, it also becomes decisively clear that human race
is not corrupted with innate sin, that there have always been
good and great men, and that some of them were even higher in
status than Jesus Christ. The people of the Gospel should ponder
over this very important question and see for themselves
whether or not they have been setting at naught and repudiating
the clear teaching of the Gospel.
(11) Jesus is called son of Joseph, son of David and son of
Abraham. It proves conclusively that Joseph was a good and
righteous man, as was also Prophet David of whose throne Jesus
20 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.was the rightful inheritor. Abraham is looked upon and regarded
as their great progenitor by both the Jews and the Christians, and
both take pride in calling themselves his progeny. Having
accepted these great men as good and righteous and the near and
dear ones of God, how can a sane and sensible man reconcile his
conscience to the Christian notion that the whole of the human
race is sinful by nature, and cannot be saved but by believing in
(12) It was a matter of belief with Jesus that the whole of the
human race is not sinful, since both good and bad people are
always found among all the nations of the world, and the sinners
can return to the Right Path through repentance and become the
dear ones of God. Jesus says that those who are healthy and
"whole" need no physician, that is to say, those physically or
spiritually sick can be cured by treatment, but there are, besides
them, those who are sound in body and mind. Again, Jesus says
that God’s sun shines upon the good and the bad, and His rain
falls on both the righteous and the sinners. Turn to Matthew
(5:44-45) and read:
Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to
them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and perse-cute
you; that ye may be the children of your Father which is in
heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good,
and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
To fly in the face of this clear and categorical teaching of
Jesus, and believe in the dogma of Atonement, is but a great
BELIEF IN GOD REQUIRES OBEDIENCE
TO HIS APOSTLE
Jesus said that for the achievement of eternal and everlasting
life, it is essentially necessary that man should believe in the
One True God, and it is equally necessary that one should
believe in the apostleship of the prophet Jesus. In order to
acquaint His servants with the ways that lead into His presence,
God picks up a righteous man to be His apostle, and he, with the
BELIEF IN GOD REQUIRES OBEDIENCE… 21.blessing and grace of Divine guidance and his own excellent
example, sets people on the Right Path. With reference to these
two very important articles of faith, the Gospel has inculcated:
(1) And this is life eternal, that they might know thee, the
only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou has sent [as thy
apostle] (John, 17:3).
(2) Addressing his disciples, Jesus said:
He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me
receiveth him that sent me (Matt., 10:40).
Whosoever shall receive me, receiveth not me, but him that
sent me (Mark, 9:37).
In these verses Jesus has expounded very explicitly the real
purpose for which an apostle is sent, namely, to impart unto the
people a knowledge of the Divine Being, and to call upon them
to obey the Commandments of God, and to follow in the foot-steps
of this apostle. But the followers of the apostle, there is no
gainsaying this fearful fact, either through mistake or having
been overwhelmed with excessive love for him, invest him with
Divinity instead of looking upon him as an apostle of God.
(4) He that hath received his testimony hath set to his seal
that God is true. For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words
of God (John, 3:33-34).
Here Jesus professes that he was God’s apostle who appeared
among his people to teach them the most important principle of
the unity of God.
JESUS, A HUMAN BEING AND AN APOSTLE OF GOD.
In the verse quoted above, some very valuable truths have
been stated: first, that Jesus was an apostle of God; second, that
the teaching which he imparted unto the people was not his own,
but it had been revealed unto him by the Most High God, and
those who accepted that teaching set a seal on the fact of God’s
existence. And this is, of a truth, the intended purpose of religion.
(5) God’s word came upon Jesus:
22 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would do the works of
Abraham. But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you
the truth, which I have heard of God (John, 8:39-40).
JESUS WAS AN APOSTLE OF GOD
Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but
his that sent me (John, 7:16).
If I honor myself, my honor in nothing: it is my Father that
honoreth me; of whom ye say, that He is your God (John, 8:54).
For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent
me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say and what I
should speak (John, 12:49).
Now we know that God heareth not sinners: but if any man
be a worshipper of God, and doeth his will, him he heareth
These are precious truths which have been set forth with clar-ity
to convince us that Jesus was not God, but was God’s apostle,
who preached that the pleasure of God can be obtained by wor-shipping
Him and doing His will. Jesus has also stated that
mankind consists of those who sin against God, and those who do
His will; all mankind is not sinful. Jesus has again described him-self
as an apostle, and stated in categorical terms that the teaching
preached by him was not his own personal word, but the Word of
the Most High God, which he received and communicated to the
people. The inevitable logical conclusion, therefore, is that if
Jesus had called himself an apostle, he was, most surely, a human
being, and the term "man" used in respect of him in John 8:40
supports the view that he was but a mortal.
(6) The Gospel has the following fact on its record:
And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, Father I thank thee that
thou hast heard me. And I knew that thou hearest me always: but
because of the people which stand by I said it, that they may
believe that thou has sent me (John, 11:41- 42).
JESUS WAS AN APOSTLE OF GOD 23.JESUS, A NEAR ONE OF GOD
The above verse is quite enlightening. Here Jesus describes
himself as the near one of God whose prayer is answered by
Him invariably, and Jesus offers his thanks to the Most High
God, that his prayer and supplication may create an effect on the
minds of those around him, and they may be persuaded to
believe that he is a Divine messenger.
(7) Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth
not on me, but on him that sent me (John, 12:44).
The sole fact of his being sent by God as an apostle, as
expounded in this verse, was that people might repose their faith
in the Most High God.
(8) Said Jesus:
I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me,
he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I
should speak. And I know that his commandment is life ever-lasting
Jesus has lucidly proclaimed, in this verse, that he had been sent
by the Most High God or, in other words, he was an apostle of
God, and that whatever he spoke, he spoke under Divine
Commandment, and that it was not his own word which he
spoke, but the Word of God which infuses life eternal; just as he
had said according to Matthew (4:4) that:
Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that
proceedeth out of the mouth of God. God’s Word is that benefi-cial
heavenly water which enlivens the soil of human heart.
Jesus also said:
Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever
I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that
sent me (John, 13:20).
This text draws, as it were, a boundary line between the
assignment of a prophet and the domain of God Almighty.
24 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.SIGN OF THE NEAR ONES OF GOD
Jesus has pointed out that the near and dear ones of God are
those who obey and carry out, to their best, the commandments of
the Mot High God. In the verses quoted above Jesus has included
himself in the list of God’s chosen men and His apostles.
JESUS, NOT GOD, BUT GOD’S APOSTLE
The following sacred texts, in which the term prophet has been
used in respect of Jesus, may now be read with advantage. When
the opponents of Jesus raised objections against him, and refused
to accept him as an apostle of God, Jesus said in reply that every
nation had been indulging in such cruel treatment of the prophet
of their age. It would be useful to reproduce below the text in
which a mention has been made of the raillery and ridicule poured
on him, and how Jesus calmed his conscience, saying that such an
ill-treatment had invariably been meted out to the prophets.
JESUS WAS NOT GOD, BUT MAN
(1) And when he was come into his own country, he taught
them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished,
and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty
works? Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called
Mary? And his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and
Judas? And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then
hath this man all these things? And they were offended in him.
But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honor save in
his own country, and in his own house (Matt., 13:54-57).
A study of this sacred text discloses the hard fact that people
looked upon and believed Jesus to be a man and the son of a
man, saying that Jesus was born of his mother Mary, in the
house of a carpenter, and that his parents had children, both boys
and girls other than Jesus, and that it was odd that, being a man,
a human being like themselves, he should put forth such big
claims. Jesus said in reply: It is true that I am a human being. But
it is also true that the Most High God picks up, from among the
human beings, a man to be His prophet. I am also a prophet.
JESUS WAS NOT GOD, BUT MAN 25.Prophets, in the past, had likewise been cruelly treated by their
respective peoples. Instead of believing in them, the people dep-recated
and denounced them.
(2) And when he was come into Jerusalem [riding an ass], all
the city was moved, saying, Who is this? And the multitude said,
This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee (Matt., 21:10-11).
(3) The woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a
prophet (John, 4:19).
(4) For the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus
was not yet glorified. Many of the people therefore when they
heard this saying, said Of a truth this is the Prophet (John, 7:39-40).
These texts point out very clearly that Jesus was not God, but
he was sent by God.
(5) Jesus remained on the Cross for a short period of three
hours. He had fallen into a state of complete unconsciousness,
and was not dead, so that when his side was speared (John,
19:34), blood rushed out of his body. One Joseph of Arimathaea,
an honorable counselor of the State, who was also a disciple of
Jesus (John, 19:38), took and carried him in that condition to his
garden, and placed him in a room (John, 19:41) hewn for him in
a rock, above the surface of the ground, and a huge stone was
rolled to the entrance of the room. Blood had already started cir-culating
in his body; the fresh air of the garden further helped
him regain consciousness. Jesus got up and went into the garden,
but for fear of being apprehended again, he dressed himself as a
gardener (John 20:15). And it so happened that two men went
that same day to a village, and they talked together of all these
things which had happened. And it came to pass that Jesus him-self
drew near, and walked along with them. But their eyes were
holden that they should not know him (Luke, 24:13-16). Jesus
asked them what things they had been talking of, one to another,
as they walked. One of them said to him in reply that he was the
only stranger in Jerusalem who knew not the things that had
come to pass there in those days:
And he [Jesus] said unto them, What things? And they said
unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet,
26 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.mighty in deed and word before God and all the people (Luke,
Jesus heard this talk, and, finding it correct and true, contra-dicted
it not; for , a prophet he was, of a truth, and prophets, not
gods are crucified and slain.
(6) Then he [Jesus] said unto them [his disciples], O fools,
and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken
Admonishing his disciples in this way, Jesus called himself a
prophet, in whom prophecies were fulfilled.
(7) Jesus said:
An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and
there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet
Jonas: for as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s
belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in
the heart of the earth (Matt., 12:39-40).
Describing his resemblance with Prophet Jonah, Jesus made
it clear that he was also a prophet, and that he would face the
same situation as fell to the lot of Jonah. Jonah was swallowed
alive by the whale, and alive was he vomited out. Jesus, thus
outlining his resemblance with Prophet Jonah, proclaimed that
he was also a prophet and, like Jonah, he would be put into the
grave alive and alive he would come out from there.
Accordingly, the angels had informed the women in a vision that
he was alive. Jesus did not confine his comparison to one
prophet alone; he repeated his comparison with Solomon as well
(Luke, 11:31). Jesus claimed that he was one of the prophets.
JESUS, THE SON OF A PROPHET
(8) While the Pharisees were gathered together Jesus asked
them, saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They
say unto him, The son of David (Matt., 22:41-42).
Jesus it is clear, was the son of Joseph, son of David, son of
Abraham, son of Adam. Jesus took this reply of the people to be
correct and true, that he was the son of David, i.e. the son of a
prophet. Jesus was indeed a mortal born of mortal parents.
JESUS, THE SON OF A PROPHET 27.JESUS INCLUDED HIMSELF AMONG PROPHETS
(9) Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because
ye build the tombs of prophets, and garnish the sepulchers of the
righteous, and say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we
would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the
prophets. Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are
the children of them which killed the prophets….Ye serpents, ye
generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?
Wherefore [God had said], behold, I send unto you prophets,
and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and
crucify….Verily I say unto you, [that the chastisement of] All
these things shall come upon this generation. O Jerusalem,
Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which
are sent unto thee….Behold, your house is left unto you desolate
These verses make it abundantly clear that Jesus included
himself among the Prophets, and also expressed his apprehen-sion
of meeting with the same treatment as was meted out to
other prophets; that his opponents intended to kill him, but the
end of such wicked people would indeed be disastrous and
grievous. Jesus also made it clear that the Most High God
expressed His sorrowfulness and grief on such people, saying,
"You build the tomb of the prophets, but your fathers persecuted
and killed them."
Jesus consoles himself with the following realization:
Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them
prophets and apostles, and some of them shall slay and persecute
This realization shows that Jesus classed himself with the
JESUS WAS LIKE OTHER PROPHETS
(10) [Like other prophets, Jesus, the son of man] must suffer
many things, and be rejected of this generation. And as it was in
the day of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of
man….the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came,
28 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.and destroyed them all….But the same day that Lot went out of
Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed
them all. Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is
revealed (Luke, 17:25-30).
These verses speak of Jesus’ resemblance with the Prophets
Noah [Noe] and Abraham, which means that he was a prophet
like other prophets, and that just as those people who received
not and rejected the Prophets were punished by God, in the same
way, the denial of Jesus would draw upon his opponents the
wrath and resentment of heaven.
Jesus had warned his people that there would appear false
prophets and false Christs and that they should not be deceived
by them. His own words read:
For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and
shall deceive many (Matt., 24:5).
For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and
shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were
possible, they shall deceive the very elect (Matt., 24:24).
The Gospel of Mark, too, has the same prediction on record
For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall shew
signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect.
One gathers from these verses that the words "Prophet" and
"Christ" (Messiah) are but the titles of God’s Messengers and
the very same titles were shared by Christ himself because he
was also one of God’s Messengers, and as such he was a human
being. Jesus accordingly has called himself Prophet and Christ.
Moreover, in the verses quoted above, mention has been made
of the fact at the time of false prophets and false Christs, good
and righteous people will also be present. It is, therefore, proved
(1) that Jesus was but a prophet and (2) that the entire world is
not full of sinners only, but there have been righteous persons in
every nation, chosen by the Most High God. The words of Jesus
that every age witnessed the presence of righteous people exon-
FALSE PROPHETS 29.erate mankind from the charge of being sinful by nature. This
strikes also at the very root of the dogma of Atonement.
JESUS, A HUMAN BEING
(1) The Gospels present Jesus as a human being, calling him
son of Joseph, son of David, a son of Abraham, son of Adam. In
his genealogy there are women as well as men, proving thereby
that Jesus was but a human being, belonging to the human race.
He said that he was the son of David, and had come to inherit
David’s throne. Once, his mother reprimanded him, saying,
"Son, your father and I have been searching after you sorrow-fully.
Why did you treat us like that, and, without informing us,
got separated from us?" The Gospel of Luke has on record the
words spoken by Jesus’ mother and the answer given by Jesus:
…and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou dealt with
us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing. And he
[Jesus] said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? Wist ye not
that I must be about my Father’s business? And they understood
not the saying which he spake unto them (Luke, 2:48-50).
JESUS HAD A HUMAN FATHER
(2) This statement of the Gospel, behold, thy father and I have
sought thee sorrowing, proves conclusively that Jesus had both
the parents, father and mother. And it was his mother’s testimony
that Joseph was his father. When the mother reprimanded Jesus,
he, instead of showing regret and remorse, took them to task in
return, but they could not understand his words. Jesus meant to
say that they were his physical parents, and that he had a Spiritual
Father also, the preaching and propagation of Whose command-ments
was his sacred duty to perform.
Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of
passover…as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in
Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it (Luke,
It has been repeated twice in these verses that Jesus had both
father and mother, i.e. he was the son of Joseph and Mary.
30 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age,
being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph (Luke, 3:23).
The words enclosed within brackets had been inserted by some
copyist of the Gospel in order to preach and propagate a wrong
belief. But the purpose of the interpolator could not even then be
achieved, for it is clear from the original text that Jesus was the
son of Joseph. Mary herself testified to it, saying, Behold, thy
father and I have sought thee sorrowing. The record of
Matthew(1:16) also shows that the copyist is wrong in inserting
words of his own into the Gospel:
(3) Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was
born Jesus, who is called Christ.
It is regrettable to note that interpolations have found their
way into the texts of the Gospels.
JESUS WORKED AS A CARPENTER FOR
(4) Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary . . .? (Mark, 6:3).
It appears from this verse, read with Luke 3:23, that is was at
the age of thirty that Jesus started his work of teaching and
preaching. One is, therefore, naturally tempted to ask what he
had been doing during the thirty years of his life. The answer to
this question is furnished in Mark, 6:2-4, that he had been pur-suing
the profession of a carpenter, and, for that reason, people
called him a carpenter:
And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in
the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying,
From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is
this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are
wrought by his hands? Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary,
the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are
not his sister here with us? And they were offended at him. But
Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honor, but in his
own country, and among his kin, and his own house (Mark, 6:4).
This sacred text of the Gospel tells us that before embarking
upon his mission, Jesus worked as a carpenter. We are further
JESUS WORKED AS A CARPENTER… 31.told that, besides Jesus, four more brothers and some sisters
were also given birth to by Mary, and Joseph was the father of
JESUS WAS THE SON OF A CARPENTER
(5) Is not this the carpenter’s son?
[People said:] Is not this the carpenter’s son? is not his
mother called Mary? and his brethren, James and Joses, and
Simon, and Judas? And his sisters, are they not all with us?
Whence then hath this man all these things? And they were
offended in him. But Jesus said unto them, Aprophet is not with-out
honor, save in his own country, and in his own house (Matt.,
Both Matthew and Mark state in unison that Jesus was by
profession a carpenter, and the son of a carpenter. Both the
Evangelists further state that children (boys and girls) other than
Jesus were also born to Joseph and Mary. They also declare that
Jesus claimed to be a prophet, and not the Divine Being, and that
he was not the son of God, but the son of Joseph and Mary; it
was, however, on account of his righteousness and rectitude that
he was metaphorically called the Son of God.
(6) Jesus’ childhood:
And Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was
born Jesus, who is called Christ (Matt., 1:16).
(7) After the birth of Jesus, his parents apprehended danger
to his life as stated in Matthew (2:13-15):
…behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a
dream, saying, Arise and take the young child and his mother,
and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for
Herod will seek the young child to destroy him. When he arose
he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed
into Egypt: and was there until the death of Herod.
(8) It is evident from this passage that Jesus’ life was in
danger, and it was for this reason that his parents, Joseph and
Mary, fled from their country, and took refuge in Egypt. Such
flight from danger is human, not Divine.
32 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.(9) The logical conclusion, therefore, emerges that Jesus’
parents knew full well that there was no Divinity in Jesus, oth-erwise
not even a shadow of fear could ever have crossed their
minds, nor would they have felt the necessity of fleeing from the
JESUS LIVED IN CONSTANT FEAR WHICH
IS NOT AN ATTRIBUTE OF GOD
There is yet another point which deserves to be carefully
considered. According to psychologists, fear of danger gener-ated
during childhood leaves a lasting impress on the mind of a
man and that is possibly the reason why Jesus remained a victim
of fear and apprehension throughout his life and did not preach
before the people openly, but always slipped away from the
scene of danger to the place of secrecy and solitude. Jesus
believed that his opponents were after taking his life, and he
was, therefore, always fear-stricken, and prayed to be saved
from the death of dishonor and disgrace.
When he was produced in the court of Pilate, out of fear, he was
mute as if he had lost his power of speech, and could not utter a
single word in self-defense. Pilate, of course, was highly aston-ished
at the plight of Jesus. Similarly, when he regained
consciousness after crucifixion, fearing his recapture he disguised
himself as a gardener and kept hiding here and there for forty days,
finally fleeing from his country to a place of safety. Had there been
any Divinity in him, he would have availed himself of this golden
opportunity to challenge his opponents and make them accept and
acknowledge his claim. But, having been stricken with fear, he had
become miserably nervous and spiritless. This hard fact goes to
prove conclusively not only that there was not a whit of Divinity
in him, but that he was not even a brave and courageous man.
JESUS WAS FROM THE SEED OF DAVID
AND WAS NOT GOD
(10) About the birth of Jesus, the angel gave the glad tidings
to Mary in the following words:
JESUS WAS FROM THE SEED OF DAVID… 33.And behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring
forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. He shall be great,
and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God
shall give unto him the throne of his father David: and he shall
reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there
shall be no end (Luke, 1:31-32).
In this prophecy, the words, the Lord God shall give unto him
the throne of his father David, need careful thought. There is no
mention of both God and Jesus’ father David and of David’s
throne being given unto Jesus. This verse alone is sufficient to
prove conclusively that Jesus was from the seed of David, was
destined to inherit David’s throne, and that he was a mortal and
not at all God Almighty Whose grace was being besought by
Jesus in getting back the throne of his father David.
JESUS HAD BEEN RAISED ONLY FOR THE
GUIDANCE OF THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL
Besides, the sole purpose for which Jesus had been sent was
to collect the "lost sheep" of the house of Israel. He set before
him no other purpose. Accordingly he declared that he had come
to seek the "lost sheep" of Israel and that his mission was con-fined
to the guidance of the children of Israel. Addressing a
non-Israelite woman, Jesus announced in plain language:
…it is not meet to take the children’s bread and to cast it unto
the dogs. And she answered and said unto him, Yes Lord: yet the
dogs under the table eat of the children’s crumbs (Mark, 7:27-28).
Jesus called the other nations dogs and swine, for he consid-ered
the Jews to be the only chosen people of God. St. Matthew
supports the fact that Jesus was averse to non-Jews:
Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye
your pearls before swine (Matt., 7:6).
And it was with this purpose in view that Jesus gave the follow-ing
direction to his disciples:
…Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of
the Samaritans enter ye not: but go rather to the lost sheep of the
house of Israel (Matt., 10:5-6).
34 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.In short, these passages make it clear that Jesus had come only for
the guidance of the children of Israel, and to recapture and restore
unto them their lost kingdom. Jesus never claimed that he had
been raised for the guidance of all the nations of the world; he
never professed that the entire human race was sinful by nature,
and that he had come to bear the burden of their sins by laying
down his life on the Cross. His mission was indeed definite.
(11) Jesus was circumcised, and his mother remained for
forty days in a state of impurity. These are far from being the
perfections of the Divine Being.
And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcis-ing
of the child, his name was called JESUS…. And when the
days of her purification according to the law of Moses were
accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem to present him to
the Lord; (as it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that
openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord) (Luke, 2:21-
23). Jesus was circumcised in accordance with the law of Moses,
just as his forerunner, John the Baptist, was circumcised. His
mother took her bath of purification after forty days, according
to the Mosaic law, and then, to offer a sacrifice, they went to the
synagogue with a pair of young pigeons.
Jesus was born exactly in the human way and his mother
remained in a state of impurity for forty days in common with
other women of the world, the Jewish rites and rituals on such
occasions having been carefully observed. At the time of Jesus’
birth, nothing peculiar took place to suggest that he was an extra-ordinary
child, to say the least of his possessing Divinity. It was
later that the people deified him and his mother, notwithstanding
the humanly circumstances that attended the act of delivery.
JESUS, A FOLLOWER OF JEWISH LAW
(12) Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the
feast of the passover. And when he was twelve years old, they
went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast. And when
they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tar-ried
behind in Jerusalem (Luke, 2:41-43).
JESUS, A FOLLOWER OF JEWISH LAW 35.This passage and those preceding it point to the fact that
Jesus, his mother Mary and his father Joseph were Jews and fol-lowed
the Jewish law. How, then, can Jesus be considered God?
JESUS’ MENTALAND PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
LIKE OTHER HUMAN CHILDREN
(13) And the child [Jesus] grew, and waxed strong in spirit,
filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him (Luke,
That is to say, as Jesus grew up in age, his mental and phys-ical
capacities developed gradually, very much like other
THE GOSPELS REGARD JESUS AS A HUMAN BEING
And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with
God and man (Luke, 2:52).
It has again been repeated in this verse that the mental and
physical faculties of Jesus developed gradually, and that on
account of his righteousness and moral rectitude he gained favor
with God and man. These qualities also show that Jesus was
nothing more than a human being, and to raise him, therefore,
from the plane of humanity to that of Divinity is an unjustifiable
contradiction of the clear teaching of the Gospel.
NO HISTORICAL EVIDENCE OF JESUS
Of the life-story of Jesus, only this much is known, as has
been stated in the foregoing pages; there is also a mention of his
missionary activities, limited only to a short period of three
years. No account of his life prior to this period of three years,
nor that of the period following crucifixion, when he regained
consciousness and escaped to the Eastern countries has ever
been committed to writing by any other chronicler. It is for this
reason that some European writers have stated that Jesus is not
an historical personage, meaning thereby that the details of the
life-story of the man who has been installed on the pedestal of
Divinity are not known. The fate of his disciples, too, in this
36 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.respect seems to be no better than that of their Master; except for
the fact that their names happen to be recorded in the pages of
the Gospels, nothing more is known about them. But not to
speak of these insignificant fellows, no one is acquainted even
with the life-story of Joseph and Mary, nor of Jesus’ brothers and
sisters. It seems, as if, to have been ordained by God Almighty
that there should remain no historical trace of the man who was
to be deified by the people, nor any trace of his parents, or of his
brothers and sisters, or even of his disciples.
HUMILITY AND HUMANITY OF JESUS
And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is
none good but one, that is, God (Matt., 19:17).
Jesus answered, If I honor myself, my honor is nothing: it is
my Father that honoreth me; of whom ye say, that He is your
God (John, 8:54).
While confessing his humility and humanity, Jesus proclaimed
that God was as much the Father of the Jews as He was his.
NO MENTION OF CHURCH DOGMA IN
THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT
The teaching of Jesus, called the Sermon on the Mount, reads as
(1) Blessed are the poor in spirit: for their’s is the kingdom
(2) Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.
(3) Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.
(4) Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after right-eousness:
for they shall be filled.
(5) Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
(6) Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.
(7) Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the
children of God.
(8) Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’
sake: for their’s is the kingdom of heaven.
NO MENTION OF CHURCH DOGMA… 37.(9) Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute
you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my
(10) Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward
in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were
before you (Matt., 5:3-12).
The Sermon on the Mount, is very well known and
renowned, on account of these notable teachings for it contains
the essence of the teachings of Jesus. It is also renowned for the
fact that it comprises the most ennobling doctrines.
In this important Sermon, Jesus has made no mention what-soever
of his Divinity, nor that of the doctrine of Trinity.
Similarly, he has not taught that humanity is sinful by nature,
and that therefore he will lay down his life on the Cross for the
salvation of mankind. In fine, the principles preached by the
modern Christianity are nowhere to be found in the Sermon on
the Mount. On the other hand, what the Sermon on the Mount
teaches goes against the modern Christian beliefs. Jesus could
not have omitted to mention the prevalent Christian dogmas, if
they were the fundamentals of the religion that he taught. On the
contrary, the Sermon enunciates some of the noblest qualities
that are part and parcel of human nature. Mankind loves virtue
and hates vice. In the light of these facts Jesus cannot be held
responsible for the offensive notion of the inherent sinfulness of
mankind and the untenable dogma of Atonement.
SERMON ON THE MOUNT OPPOSED TO TEACHING
OF CHURCH CHRISTIANITY
(1) For example, the teaching, Blessed are the pure in heart:
for they shall see God, is quite sufficient to give the lie direct to
the doctrines of the Church Christianity. This text does not pro-claim
the dogma of Trinity, neither does it condemn mankind as
sinful by nature. On the contrary, it teaches that man is capable
of attaining purity of heart, and is, therefore, capable of having
the reflection of God in the mirror of his heart. The teaching that
God is pure, and with the pure only He can have His relation-
38 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.ship, has nothing in common with the prevalent dogmas of
Christianity. As against this teaching of Jesus, it amounts to dis-crediting
and disgracing him to say that he approved of Original
Sin and Atonement.
(2) In the same way, another principle enunciated in the
Sermon on the Mount, Blessed are the peace-makers: for they
shall be called the children of God, deserves to be carefully con-sidered.
It shows very clearly that man, by being noble and
righteous, and by inspiring peace and harmony among people,
can be called the son of God; also that every man, by achieving
these sublime qualities, can attain this position of honor of being
called the Son of God. It was only on account of having
achieved these excellent qualities that Jesus, too, became worthy
of being called the Son of God, and it was for this reason that the
words: He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the
Highest (Luke, 1:32), had been added to the message giving the
good news of the birth of Jesus. Jesus had been generous in call-ing
upon every man to become the son of God by acting upon
his valuable advice.
(3) Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute
you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my
sake. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in
heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before
you (Matt., 5:11-12).
In this verse, Jesus has given the glad news to those who suffer
persecution in the way of God, that their’s will be a great reward
in heaven. This heartening news for the faithful who suffer per-secution
in the way of God does not harmonize with what the
modern Christianity preaches. At the same time, this fine teach-ing
shows that Jesus classed himself with the prophets and said
unto his disciples: "If people should persecute you and me, it
will be just in accordance with the law of God—suffering in the
way of God brings a unique reward."
(4) Jesus said in the Sermon on the Mount: Blessed are they
which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be
filled (Matt., 5:6). This observation has drawn a true picture of
SEMON ON THE MOUNT OPPOSED TO TEACHING… 39.human nature. Man does hunger and thirst after righteousness
and does hate evil, because God created man in His own image
and conferred on him a nature that loves good and hates evil.
This remarkable doctrine proves like others that Jesus never
believed in Original Sin and the consequent Atonement.
JESUS OPPOSED TO THE DOCTRINE
(5) Unjust and unreasonable attitude has been condemned by
Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your
tradition? . . .Thus have ye made the commandment of God of
none effect by your tradition (Matt., 15:3-6).
St. Mark has also recorded in his Gospel this reprimand
uttered by Jesus in the following words:
For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tra-dition
of men….And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the
commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition
The followers of Jesus Christ, keeping in view this grim
warning uttered by him, should reconsider and revise their arti-cles
of faith. It is certainly not meet for them to give preference
to the traditions of men over the clear and rational command-ments
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE TERM "SON OF GOD"
ONLY A METAPHOR
It is a common way of speech that a good and righteous man
is called the Son of God and a vile and wicked man, the Son of
the Devil. It is the actions of a man that earn him either of these
appellations. These terms have been used by way of a metaphor,
a figure of speech, and it is a great error on the part of those who
hold these metaphorical terms to be of literal significance; they
build up the edifice of their belief on a sandy foundation, which
is bound to crumble down and fall.
40 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.JUDAS ISCARIOT, CALLED SON OF A DEVIL
Both these terms, the Son of God and the Son of Devil, have
been used in the Gospel. In Luke (8:12) a man has been called
the devil but, even after having been called the devil, he remains
a human being all the same, and no transformation whatsoever
is wrought in him.. The speaker means only to say that he is, like
the Devil, wickedness personified. In John (6:70) Jesus is
reported to have said in respect of a disciple of his, Judas
Iscariot: And one of you [i.e. the twelve disciples] is a devil.
Jesus had used these stinging words for the reason that there was
devilry in the mind of that disciple, and he was to betray his holy
Master for a mean sum of thirty lucre. Judas Iscariot did not, of
course, change his species, but remained a human being, unal-tered
in the least. It was on account of his unfaithfulness and
betrayal that he was called a devil.
CALLED THE CHILDREN OF THE DEVIL
In the same metaphorical way, the Jews have been called the
children of the devil for the reason that they had fallen away
from righteousness and rectitude:
They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father.
Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would
do the works of Abraham. But now ye seek to kill me, a man that
hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God; this did not
Abraham. Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him,
We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.
Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love
me; for I proceeded forth and came from God….Why do ye not
understand my speech? . . .Ye are of your father the devil, and
the lusts of your father ye will do (John, 8:39-44).
This text makes it clear that metaphor or figure of speech is
quite different from actuality. The Jews were justified in believ-ing
themselves to be the children of Abraham, but as their
actions were not like those of Abraham, Jesus did not consider
them children of Abraham. This was a metaphorical use of the
term. The Jews say: "We be not born of fornication, we have one
CALLED THE CHILDREN OF THE DEVIL 41.Father, even God." Jesus retorted in reply: "You believe not that
the Most High God is your Father; for, your actions show that
your father is the devil, and his lusts you do and fulfil, and listen
not to my words, for you are not of God." In short, the terms son
of the devil and son of God should not be taken literally, much
less to be made a basis for a religious belief.
SIGNIFICANCE OF BECOMING THE SON OF GOD,
AND BECOMING THE SON OF THE DEVIL.
It is recorded in John (13:2) that the devil put into the heart
of Judas Iscariot to betray his Master, which shows that Judas
Iscariot was, in fact, a human being, and the devil had filled his
heart with wickedness, so that he was, as it were, the devil incar-nate.
This statement has also been repeated in Luke (22:3) as:
Then entered Satan into Judas. Now, turn to Matthew:
Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the
children of God (5:9).
Love your enemies . . .and pray for them which despitefully
use you, and persecute you; that ye may be the children of your
Father which is in heaven (5:44-45).
These verses make it clear that by adopting the life of right-eousness
and noble deeds, a man can become the Son of God.
These verses indicate also that Jesus Christ counted himself
among the prophets, and held that people had ever been perse-cuting
and killing the prophets, and that similar plans were being
made against him. Most significant facts indeed!
Jesus, to quote another example, rebuked Peter, and called
him Satan. When Peter took Jesus away, and began to rebuke
…[Jesus] turned about and looked on his disciples, he
rebuked Peter, saying, Get thee behind me, Satan: for thou
savorest not the things that be of God, but the things that be of
men (Mark, 8:32-33).
It was on account of Peter’s unfaithfulness and disloyalty that
Jesus called him Satan; otherwise he was every whit a human
being and no physical change took place in his body. His faith,
42 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.however, was weak, in consequence whereof devilry had crept
into his heart. It was for this reason that he cursed and swore
against Jesus, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak
(Mark, 14:71). These lucid texts reveal that it is erroneous to
found one’s faith on metaphorical expressions.
THE RIGHTEOUS CALLED ANGELS AND
CHILDREN OF GOD
And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this
world marry, and are given in marriage: but they which shall be
accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from
the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage: neither can
they die any more: for they are equal unto angels; and are the
children of God, being the children of the resurrection (Luke,
Jesus has taught in these verses that on the Judgement Day the
righteous will be like unto angels, and will be regarded as the
children of God. Just as a man, in consequence of his evil
actions, becomes the devil, very much in the same way, by
adopting a life of righteousness and good deeds he becomes
equal to angels, and gains the lofty position of becoming the son
of God. This is how Jesus achieved that position and deserved to
be called the Son of God.
And [thou] shalt call his name JESUS. He shall be great and
shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall
give unto him the throne of his father David (Luke, 1:31-32).
Jesus, in this verse, has been called the son of David; and the
happy news has also been given that he would inherit the throne
of David, proving thereby that he was a human being, and the
son of a human being, but would on account of his righteous life
and goodness, be called the Son of God. This sacred verse has
established beyond the least shadow of doubt that Jesus
belonged to the human species. The Gospels teach that every
man, by adopting a life of righteousness and fear of God, can
become worthy of being called the Son of God. At another place
in the Gospel, it is recorded that when Jesus was baptized of
THE RIGHTEOUS CALLED ANGELS… 43.John in the river Jordan, a voice came from heaven announcing
for that righteous deed the good gift: "Thou art my beloved son,
in whom I am well pleased" (Matt., 3:14).
And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from
Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. And
straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heaven
opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: and
there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved
Son, in whom I am well pleased (Mark, 1:9-11).
It was on account of Jesus’ having performed this good act
that this glad tidings came from on High, but prior to the perfor-mance
of this deed, he was not considered worthy of this title.
Jesus, of a truth, was a human being, as his ancestors, too, were
human beings. In other words, he was, physically speaking, a
mortal man, and remained even so all through his life, but it was
on account of his excellent and pure life that the happy title, Thou
art my beloved son, was conferred upon him. Just as we call the
Aulia Allah (i.e. the saintly people) the children of God, in the
same way, the Most High God calls His righteous servants gen-erally
and His apostles particularly as His children. It is recorded
in Exodus, 4:22, Thus saith the Lord, Israel is my son, even my
firstborn; and in Genesis, 1:27, about Adam, God created man in
his own image; Adam has therefore, been called, in the Gospel
according to Luke (3:38), Adam which was the son of God.
ENOCH’S ASCENSION AND FAITHFULNESS
And with regard to Enoch it has been stated that :
By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see
death;…for before his translation he had this testimony, that he
had pleased God. But without faith it is impossible to please him
MELCHISEDEC LIKE UNTO THE SON OF GOD
And in respect of Melchisedec, king of Salem, it is written:
…first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and
after that also King of Salem, which is King of peace; without
44 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.father, without mother, without descent, having neither begin-ning
of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God
NO EXCLUSIVE DISTINCTION FOR JESUS
In brief, the term Son of God has ever been used not only in
respect of the prophets and apostles of God, but also in respect
of every righteous man. Jesus, therefore, enjoys no exclusive
distinction in this respect. Turn to the Gospel according to
Matthew once again:
Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the
children of God (5:9).
Pray for them which despitefully used you, and persecute
you; that ye may be the children of your Father which is in
Jesus, according to the Gospel, was a mortal and his geneal-ogy
has been given as: Jesus son of Joseph, son of David, son of
Abraham, son of Adam; and it was for this reason that he repeat-edly
called himself Son of Man. His disciples, too, liked upon and
regarded him as a human being, and addressed him as Master.
His mother said: Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold
thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing. Peter, his most
trusted disciple said of Jesus: I know not the man. Likewise,
Justice Pilate asked whether the man were a Galilean (Luke,
23:6). And when Jesus was hanged upon the cross, the centurion
said, Certainly this was a righteous man (Luke, 23:47); but Mark
records (15:39) that the centurion said, Truly this man was the
son of God. This proves conclusively that a righteous man and
son of God are identical terms in their significance.
Furthermore, Jesus was circumcised. He was also baptized,
and for thirty years he carried on the profession of a carpenter,
and people called him carpenter and the son of a carpenter. In
fact all activities of Jesus were that of a human being.
NO EXCLUSIVE DISTINCTION FOR JESUS 45.HUMAN TO THE BONE OF HIS BACK
Jesus, like all other men, ate bread and drank water and wine.
It is stated repeatedly in the Gospel: He sat down at meat; he ate
a piece of broiled fish; he prayed for bread; he hungered, and
came to a fig tree, but found no fig thereon, for it was not the fig
season; when he regained consciousness after having been taken
down from the Cross, he disguised himself for fear of recapture;
he felt hungry, and asked for food, saying: Have ye here any
meat? When his disciples were affrighted and thought that they
had seen a spirit, Jesus said unto them: Behold my hands and my
feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not
flesh and bones, as ye see me have (Luke, 24:39). At the time of
his arrest, as well as at the time of his crucifixion, Jesus was in
a state of great agony and distress. It is exactly the picture of an
afflicted human being. When produced before Justice Pilate, he
could not utter a single word, being overwhelmed with fear.
Such shortcomings are only human, and it was on account of
these shortcomings on the part of Jesus that the faith of his dis-ciples
faded and failed; some betrayed hin into the hands of the
enemy, some denied and denounced him, and all of them, in the
hour of trial, forsook him and fled (Matthew, 26:56; Mark,
14:50). Even after crucifixion, the disciples entertained doubts
about him, and Jesus reprimanded them as people of little faith.
His own mother believed not him (Luke, 8:21); and his kith and
kin, too, called him mad, and refused to accept his claim (Mark,
3:21). In a word, the Gospels present Jesus as a mortal, Who has
raised as a prophet for the good of the children of Israel.
JESUS ON THE JUDGEMENT DAY
In his teachings, Jesus has laid great stress on the point that
resurrection shall surely take place when the good and righteous
shall be separated from the evil ones, which do iniquity, and the
righteous shall shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their
Father, and enter the Garden of Paradise, but the doers of evil
shall be cast into the fire of hell. As for himself, Jesus is reported
to have said that even on that day he would be one like unto
46 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.other men. Turn to the Gospel according to Luke, Chapter 23,
and read verses 42 and 43:
And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou
comest into thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say
unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise.
But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of
the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my
Father’s kingdom (Matt., 26:29).
These texts show clearly that Jesus was a mortal, and that he
will live in paradise like other mortals.
JESUS LOWER THAN ANGELS
The following text which speaks of Jesus as having been
made lower than the angels, lends further support to the fact that
he was a human being :
Jesus who was made a little lower than the angels (Hebrews,
THE EFFECT WHICH JESUS PRODUCED ON HIS
KITH AND KIN, AND DISCIPLES
HOW JESUS TREATED HIS MOTHER
Jesus’ mother reprimanded him for his indifferent behavior
even when he was a young boy, saying: Son, Why hast thou thus
dealt with us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrow-ing
(Luke, 2:48); whereon Jesus, rather than express regret and
apologies, gave reply, from which it appears that on account of
his excessive religious zeal there was left in him no respect or
feeling of affectionate regard for his parents. His disrespect for
his mother can likewise be seen from the following words in
which he addressed her, on the occasion of a marriage celebra-tion,
saying: Woman, what have I to do with thee? (John, 2:4).
This statement evidently is devoid of all reverence and respect.
But still more piquant and pungent was the allegation which
Jesus had flung against his mother and near relatives, saying,
HOW JESUS TREATED HIS MOTHER 47.that since they walked not in the way of God’s will and pleasure,
his relation with them had altogether been snapped and that his
near and dear ones were those who had accepted and believed in
him. He said:
Who is my mother? and who are my brethren? And he
stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold
my mother and my brethren! For whosoever shalt do the will of
my Father . . .the same is my brother, and sister, and mother
(Matt., 12:48-50; Mark, 3:35; Luke, 8:21).
Jesus had indicated, in this way, that his mother and other rel-atives
who had refused to accept his teaching, commanded no
respect nor regard in his eyes.
Towards the close of his life, too, Jesus, while committing
his mother Mary into the care of John, had accosted her in the
same strain, saying:
Woman, behold thy son! Then saith he to the disciple,
Behold thy mother! (John, 19:26-27). It appears from this inci-dent
that there was, in the sight of Jesus and his disciples, no
particular position for his mother Mary; for, otherwise, he would
have felt no need of committing her to the care of his disciple.
Moreover, the language employed by him on this occasion
betrayed his indifference and disregard towards his mother.
These narratives produce no wholesome effect on the impres-sionable
minds of the younger folk, nor does any good example
of Jesus come before their eyes to emulate.
EFFECT ON OTHER RELATIVES
They looked upon and regarded him as mad:
And when his friends heard of it, they went out to lay hold on
him: for they said, He is beside himself (Mark, 3:21).
For neither did his brethren believe in him (John, 7:5).
These facts prove that Jesus failed to produce any good
impression on the minds of his parents, brothers and sisters, and
it was on this account that they refused to believe in him, and
stood against him. If Jesus were God, his kith and kin, by their
close contact, should have beheld in him signs of Divinity, but it
48 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.is most surprising to find instead that they were not only not
favorably impressed by him, but remained opposed to him to the
end of life.
All great men produce deep impression upon the minds of
their companions and comrades, and those who come within the
sphere of their influence, cannot be deeply impressed. On the
other hand, a man who cannot produce any good effect upon his
companions cannot be said to be a man of great personality. It is
recorded in the Gospel that Judas Iscariot, a disciple of Jesus,
betrayed him into the hands of the enemy only for a paltry sum
of thirty pieces of lucre; and Peter swore at and cursed Jesus ,
saying, I know not this man. We read in the Gospel according to
When he [Jesus] had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas
Iscariot, the son of Simon. And after the sop Satan entered into
Satan or greed, then, persuaded Judas to betray his Master
into the hands of his enemies. In the same way, Jesus said unto
Peter: Get thee behind me, Satan. This Satan, too, played false
with his Master, and swore at and cursed him, saying, I know not
He [Peter] began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not
this man of whom ye speak (Mark, 14:71).
This faithlessness and infidelity of the meanest kind was not
limited to Judas Iscariot and Peter only, but other disciples, one
and all, were birds of the same feather. When Jesus was struck
down with calamity and affliction, and was extremely down-hearted,
his disciples, seeing his helplessness and despair,
forsook him and fled, fearing that they, too, might be appre-hended.
Both Matthew (26:56), and Mark (14:50) have
recorded: Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled. By their
shameful and faithless conduct, the disciples proved unques-tionably
that Jesus’ company could not illuminate their hearts
with the light of knowledge and faith. Their faith was, as a
matter of fact, so feeble and weak that even after crucifixion,
when Jesus regained consciousness, he upbraided them for their
EFFECT ON OTHER RELATIVES 49.littleness of faith and stone-heartedness. Turn to Mark (16:14),
Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat,
and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart.
Of this disgraceful and disappointing treatment which he had
received at the hands of his disciples, Jesus had made mention
on many a previous occasion also:
And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little
faith? (Matt., 8:26).
O thou [i.e. Peter] of little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt?
[Jesus] said unto them, O ye of little faith, why reason ye
among yourselves, because ye have brought no bread? (Matt.,
And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how
then will ye know all parables? (Mark, 4:13).
And he said unto them, Why are ye so fearful? how is it that
ye have no faith? (Mark, 4:40).
And Jesus answering said, O faithless and perverse genera-tion,
how long shall I be with you, and suffer you? (Luke, 9:41).
And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they
believed them not (Luke, 24:11).
And this sad state of affairs was witnessed when Jesus,
having regained his consciousness after crucifixion, perceived
and felt that even up to the last day of his life, his disciples had
suffered from faithlessness and unbelief. Such were the discon-certing
conditions which Jesus had to face and experience. It is
not known whether it was due to the low mental level of the dis-ciples
that they could not assimilate and absorb Jesus’ teaching,
or whether Jesus himself was incapable of influencing them.
One thing, however, is evident that there was not even an atom
of Divinity in Jesus; otherwise such disconcerting conditions
could never have arisen.
50 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.DISCIPLES’ REBUKE AND RENUNCIATION
Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this,
said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it? . . .From that time
many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him
And Peter took him [Jesus], and began to rebuke him (Mark,
The disciples rebuked Jesus, on another occasion as well, for
he had allowed a woman of ill-repute to anoint his body with an
ointment , saying that the precious ointment which had been
wasted in that way could be sold, and the money so gained dis-tributed
among the poor. The reply which Jesus gave unto them
was neither satisfactory nor desirable. He said:
Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be
preached throughout the whole world, this also that she hath
done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her (Mark, 14:9; also
To the Jews’ objection that his disciples washed not their
hands when they took meals, Jesus said that real purity was a
matter of the heart, and that outward cleanliness was immaterial
and insignificant. Upon this, his disciples rebuked him and said:
Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they
heard this saying? (Matt., 15:12).
Jesus appears to have been a target of his disciples’ rebukes;
and this is not creditable.
IMPRESSION WHICH JESUS CREATED
ON THE JEWISH MIND
JESUS’ UNCIVIL LANGUAGE
The causes which led the Jews to take up cudgels against
Jesus may be listed as below:
(1) The sharpness and acrimony in his speech had reached
such a high pitch that it proved too much for the Jews to put up
with it. A few examples may be cited: Jesus said unto the Jews
JESUS’ UNCIVIL LANGUAGE 51.that they were not the children of Adam, but the brood of the
Devil. This statement was highly provocative and painful.
(2) Jesus addressed the Jews over and over again, calling
them Serpents and a generation of vipers; hypocrites; and evil
and adulterous generation, etc., and proclaimed that they would
be smitten with distress and destruction of every kind in this
world, and the damnation of hell in the hereafter.
UNDUE FAVOR TO AN ADULTEROUS
(3) Jesus showed undue favor to an unchaste woman who
was caught red-handed committing adultery; and it was obvi-ously
an open defiance of the Law of Moses. The Jews were
highly offended to find the laws laid down in the Torah being
ANOINTED BY A HARLOT
(4) A woman of the town anointed Jesus’ body with a pre-cious
ointment, and cleaned his feet with her hair, whereupon
the Jews fell into a rage and said that he could not even know
that she was a foul and fallen woman; and his disciples, too, took
objection to it, saying, that the precious ointment could well be
sold, and the money thus obtained distributed among the poor.
But the reply returned by Jesus was not only unreasonable but
And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath
wrought a good work on me. For ye have the poor with you
always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me
ye have not always. She hath done what she could: she is come
aforehand to anoint my body to the burying. Verily I say unto
you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached throughout the
world, this also that she hath done shall be spoken of for a
memorial of her (Mark, 14:6-9; also Matt. 26:10-13).
52 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.VIOLATION OF THE SABBATH
(5) There was yet another objection which the Jews had
against Jesus, that he did not observe the sanctity of the sacred
Sabbath; and he said to them in reply:
The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath
NO EXTERNAL CLEANLINESS
(6) The Jews also took exception to the fact that his disciples
took meals with unwashed hands, and Jesus said unto them in
reply that the real purity was a matter of the heart and that the
outward ceremonial practice was not of any worth or value
(Matt., 15:10-11). This statement of Jesus was neither reason-able
nor useful, for it destroyed all distinction between what was
permissible and what was forbidden, and also cut across the very
idea of external purity and cleanliness.
PLUCKING OF OTHERS’ CORN
(7) His disciples entered, without permission, into the corn-fields
of the people, and plucked and ate the ears of corn on the
Sabbath day, which was unlawful and forbidden. This was a
double offence (Matt., 12:1-2).
RIDING A STOLEN ASS
(8) The Jews also remonstrated that Jesus had no right to
send his disciples to snatch away an ass without the owner’s per-mission,
and that therefore Jesus mounted and rode a stolen ass
(9) The Jews accused him, saying, that he was gluttonous and
a wine-bibber (Matt., 11:19).
JESUS’ WISHING DESOLATION OF JERUSALEM
(10) Jesus invoked curses for the desolation and destruction
of Jerusalem which was the most sacred city of the Jews. This
JESUS’ WISHING DESOLATION OF JERUSALEM 53.caused great mental pain and vexation to them. He was therefore
responsible for arousing feelings of hatred and animosity against
him in the minds of the Jews who could not tolerate open viola-tion
of the sacred laws of the Torah.
ACCUSED OF CALLING HIMSELF THE SON OF GOD
(11) The Jews were greatly incensed and inflamed for the
reason that Jesus called himself the Son of God which was blas-phemy
(Matt., 9:3; 26:65; Mark, 2:7; Luke, 5:21; John, 10:33).
Jesus tried to explain as best as he could that it was merely a
metaphorical statement. He said that the Most High God even
called them gods who communicated the Word of God to the
people, saying : Ye are gods; and all of you are the children of
the Most High God (Psalms, 82:6). But the Jews did not accept
CHARGE OF HIGH TREASON
(12) The Jews alleged that Jesus claimed to be the inheritor
of the throne of David, which meant that , although he lived
within the domain of the Roman Empire, he had a design to pave
the way for the establishment of a new government. They
launched a vigorous propaganda against and provoked the wrath
of the Roman Government against him. Jesus was charged, first,
for the blasphemous claim that he was the Son of God, and, sec-ondly,
for his endeavors to establish a government of his own.
On the insistence of the Jewish nation and their learned doctors,
the Roman government ordered judicial trial of Jesus. He was
arrested and produced in the court of law to answer the allega-tions
leveled against him. He stated that to be called the Son of
God was merely a figure of speech, so that in the Torah the
learned doctors had even been called gods: Ye are gods; and all
of you are the children of the Most High. With regard to the other
allegation, Jesus deposed that it was not his purpose to establish
any earthly kingdom, but he wanted to set up a kingdom of God.
In other words, Jesus recanted and explained that all men being
children of God, he was one of them, and he never meant to
found a new government.
54 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.THE CRUCIFIXION
In this way, Jesus dissociated himself from both the claims,
but the learned Jewish doctors refused to accept his explanation.
They put strong pressure on Pilate who sat in judgement, to
order the crucifixion of Jesus. Pilate was, thus, obliged to pro-nounce
the sentence of death against Jesus by being hanged
upon the cross. Accordingly, Jesus was put upon the cross, his
hands and feet nailed to it.
THE DAMNED DEATH
Crucifixion was undoubtedly a matter of great triumph for
the Jews. They proclaimed that, according to the Law of Moses,
one who was killed upon the cross became accursed of God, and
that one accursed of God was rejected and renounced by the
Most High God. Jesus, therefore, the Jews contended, was
accursed of God, condemned as a sinner of the worst kind, and
cast into hell. Such is the fate of a false prophet, they said.
DISCIPLES’ MONSTROUS INTERPRETATION
It was simply impossible for the disciples of Jesus to deny
these heart-rending and humiliating events which had been wit-nessed
and beheld by all the people. They were, however,
stricken with gnawing grief and great distress, and they looked
as if death had come upon them. These hard and harrowing
facts, which had actually taken place before their eyes, could not
be denied by them, but they hit upon and devised a plan of
making these dreadful events the basis of their belief. They said
that there is of course no gainsaying the fact that, according to
the law of Moses, one who is killed upon the cross becomes
accursed of God, and is reckoned among the sinners, and cast
into the furnace of hell. They accepted all this but held that it
was all done for the sake of their deliverance. In their view it
was a Providential plan, in pursuance whereof Jesus, bearing the
burden of the sins of humanity, bore a curse on himself, and was
cast into hell.
DISCIPLES’ MONSTROUS INTERPRETATION 55.JEWISH CHARGE,
THE BASIS OF CHRISTIAN BELIEF
It is indeed a matter for great regret that the false charges
which the Jews had brought up against Jesus were not only
admitted and acknowledged by the Christians, but were made
the basis of their belief, as shown below:
(1) He that is hanged is accursed of God (Deut,. 21:23).
(2) Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being
made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that
hangeth on a tree (Galatians, 3:13).
(3) Then delivered he [Pilate] him [Jesus] therefore unto
them to be crucified….And he bearing his cross went forth into
a place called the place of a skull….Where they crucified him
[Jesus], and two other with him, on either side one (John, 19:16-
(4)…they had crucified him….And with him they crucify
two thieves….And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And
he was numbered with the transgressors. And they that passed
by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying,…Save thy-self
and come down from the cross. . . .He saved others; himself
he cannot save. Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from
the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were cru-cified
with him reviled him (Mark, 15:24-32).
These texts of the Holy Bible prove beyond any doubt that
one who is killed upon the cross becomes accursed of God, and
is cast off from Divine Presence into the bottomless pit. It can
thus be seen that current views held by the Church run counter
to and contravene the Word of God. That what constituted the
condemnation of Jesus should become the fundamental princi-ple
of the Christian faith is simply inconceivable. The Christians
in the face of these accusations and facts can never prove to the
Jews the truthfulness of Jesus and his religion. The Christians
should, therefore, consider this point seriously.
56 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.THE GOSPELS CONTRADICT
(1) JESUS TAKEN DOWN ALIVE FROM THE CROSS
It is very strange that even the Gospels annul the basis of the
Christian faith on the doctrine of Jesus’ damned death on the
Cross, and state quite clearly that Jesus, when taken down from
the Cross, was alive. He was, however, in a state of uncon-sciousness,
and when his side was pierced with the sharp point
of a spear, living red blood gushed out and streamed down—an
indication that he was still alive. And how could he die by
remaining on the Cross only for a few hours? One Joseph of
Arimathaea, who was a counselor of State and a disciple of
Jesus, through his influence, obtained the wounded body of
Jesus from Pilate, and laid in that unconscious state in a room-like
tomb hewn out in the rock of his garden, and rolled a stone
on to its entrance (Matt., 27:57-60).
(2) FORTY DAYS AFTER REGAINING CONSCIOUSNESS
The spear of the soldier had already set the blood in circula-tion,
and the fresh air of the garden helped Jesus regain
consciousness. He stayed in that room only for one day, and the
next day, fearing his recapture and, therefore, disguising himself
as a gardener, he left the place. He spent forty days in hiding in
the neighborhood during which period he would at times sud-denly
appear among his disciples and would slip away as
suddenly from there (Luke, 24:31).
(3) HIS FLESH AND BONES
By showing his wounds to the disciples, Jesus tried to assure
them that he was neither a demon nor any other evil spirit. He
observed that a spirit hath not flesh and bones (Luke, 24:37-43);
God Who is a spirit has neither bones nor flesh (John, 4:24).
Now God is Incomprehensible and Unseen. Jesus did not pos-sess
Divine qualities, to be looked upon as God or a spirit.
HIS FLESH AND BONES 57.(4) JESUS’ PICTURE IN THE MUSEUMS
OF EUROPE AND AMERICA
Picture galleries of almost all European and American muse-ums
have a picture of Jesus in common where blood is shown
dripping down his body on to and near his feet. This picture
clearly suggests that Jesus was alive, not dead, when taken down
from the Cross. This fact, to which the whole Christian world is
a witness, is quite enough to prove that the Church doctrine
which has been based on the death of Jesus on the Cross is base-less,
fanciful, and untrue.
From the texts of the Gospel made use of in the foregoing
pages, the following truths shine forth conspicuously:
(1) Jesus taught with all the force at his command that the
Most High God was the One True God, and He alone should be
worshipped and adored (Matt., 4:10). He stresses:
Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with
all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength
And when the man whom he had addressed accepted and
acknowledged this great truth, saying:
Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God;
and there is none other but he (Mark, 12:32).
Jesus was happy and pleased with him that he had spoken dis-creetly,
and gave him the glad tidings that with such a true belief
he was not far from the kingdom of God (Mark, 12:34). Jesus
further emphasized that to serve the One True God only and to
love His Creatures were two such commandments of the Most
High God whereon hanged all the Law and prophets (Matt.,
(2) In this remarkable talk Jesus inculcated that his teaching
was very much the same which had been inculcated in the Torah
and the Books of the Prophets, and that when God is One and
Only One, the teaching of the Prophets who had received light
58 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.and guidance from the same Divine Source is also one and the
same; and that his teaching was not different from what the
Prophets had taught before, nor against it; and there could not,
therefore, be any justification for the people not to believe in
him. It is thus clear that Jesus did not hold it permissible to wor-ship
a stone, a tree, or a person, except the One True God.
(3) According to Jesus, little children are innocent and pure;
they love goodness, and hate evil. He therefore exhorted the
people to become, like children, sinless and pure (Matt., 19:13-
15). Jesus further enjoined upon the people to rise even above
this state of sinlessness and purity, by imbuing themselves with
the attributes of the Most High God (Matt., 5:48).
This rational and advantageous teaching of Jesus manifest
the great truth that man is by nature pure and clean, that by
remaining true and conforming to the rule of his nature he can
live a life of peace and contentment, and that he can further
develop his condition by imbuing himself with Divine qualities.
In the light of such a charming and illuminating teaching, the
irrational doctrine of Atonement is neither acceptable nor is it
proper to ascribe it to Jesus Christ. Jesus, on the contrary,
enjoins upon the people to be righteous; for, it is only the right-eous
who will shine like the sun on the Day of Resurrection
(Matt., 13:43); they will be installed on high, lofty positions as
a recompense and reward for their good deeds. Jesus said that
the righteous shall enter into life eternal (Matt., 25:46), which
the unrighteous shall be denied. Moreover, the wicked are base
and cowardly: "[they] flee when no man pursueth: but the right-eous
are bold as a lion" (Proverbs, 28:1), and strong as the great
mountains (Psalms, 36:6). And it was for this reason that Jesus
laid great stress upon adopting the life of righteousness and good
deeds. As for himself, Jesus said: My meat is to do the will of him
that sent me (John, 4:34); for, man shall live by the word that
proceedeth out of the mouth of God (Matt., 4:4). Jesus further
CONCLUSION 59.Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into
the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father
which is in heaven (Matt., 7:21).
(4) As announced by Jesus himself, the purpose of his mis-sion
was to secure, for the benefit of the Children of Israel, the
throne of his father, David, and to seek after and search the lost
sheep of the House of Israel. His mission was definite and lim-ited,
and not meant for the entire mankind.
Jesus has declared that man is sinless and pure by nature; he
has never said that the entire human race is sinful by birth, and
that he had come to sacrifice his own life for their redemption.
On the other hand, he has clearly taught in the Sermon on the
Mount that it was by the adoption of a life of good deeds that
man can get and reach the stage where he could be called the son
of God (Matt., 5:9), and blessed with the happy eternal life
In contribution to the Christian doctrines in vogue, the Holy
Bible has installed man on a position of loftiness and elevation.
In the Book of Genesis, Adam’s dignity has been stated in very
distinct and unambiguous terms, saying:
And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our like-ness:….
and God created man in his own image (Genesis,
In the same way, the Gospel according to St. Luke (3:38) has
called Adam as the one loved by God: Adam which was the son
of God. And of the two sons of Adam, Abel has been said to be
righteous (Matt., 23:35). In the Book of Genesis (4:3-5) it has
been stated that the Most High God accepted his offering, and
that he was the first martyr; but Cain, the other son of Adam,
turned out to be a malefactor. It should be clearly noted that if
Adam were sinful by nature, Abel could not have been righteous
and a dear one of God. The fact of the matter is that Adam was
a near and dear one of God, and so became his son Abel. The
contrast of the two sons of Adam clearly points to the fact that,
among the progeny of Adam, there will be both good and bad
people. Jesus accepts this without any reservation. He said: He
60 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.[God] maketh his sun to rise on the evil and the good (Matt.,
5:45). That there are people both good and bad among every
nation and in every country, is a fact universally observed and
accepted. Is it, therefore, right to condemn the entire humanity
as sinful? The Holy Bible gives the names of some great and
good personages besides Adam and Abel. About Israel the Most
High God said: Israel is my son, even my firstborn (Exodus
4:22), and with reference to Enoch, it was said:
By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see
death…for before his translation he had this testimony, that he
pleased God. But without faith it is impossible to please him
In the same way, it has been said of Melchisedec:
…first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and
after that also King of Salem, which is King of peace; without
father, without mother, without descent, having neither begin-ning
of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God
In respect of Anna St. Luke records (2:36):
And there was one Anna, a prophetess, . . .which departed
not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers
night and day.
Likewise, Joseph, the husband of Mary, has been spoken of as a
righteous man (Matt., 1:19), and of another person, Simeon by
name, it is written:
…there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon;
and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consola-tion
of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him (Luke, 2:25).
About John the Baptist, Jesus said: Among them that are born of
women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist
(Matt., 11:11). He turned many a heart towards God so that even
harlots who led an immoral life, through the Baptist’s teaching,
got their way into Paradise. And in respect of the Baptist’s par-ents,
Zacharias and Elisabeth, it is written in the Gospel:
And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the
commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless (Luke, 1:6).
ISLAMIC SOURCES 61.In short, according to the Torah and the Gospel, there have
ever been in the world great and righteous personages; hence the
Church doctrine that the entire human species is besmeared with
inherent sin stands obviously against the clear and categorical
teaching of the Bible, as also against our daily observation. This
doctrine which condemns the whole human race as base-born
and sinful is not only without any sense or argument, but is also
defamatory and offensive. It is certainly the grossest injustice to
ascribe and impute such a teaching to Jesus.
(5) Jesus was of course impaled upon the Cross, but he did
not die because of this. He had fallen into a state of complete
unconsciousness; and it was after one day and two nights that he
regained consciousness. That Jesus when taken down from the
Cross was still alive, is borne out manifestly by the scarlet blood
which gushed out of his side when a soldier pierced it with his
spear. This testimony of the flowing blood can be witnessed
even today: the painting of Jesus, with the blood dripping down
his feet, hangs in the picture galleries of the Western world. This
picture will ever continue to proclaim that Jesus certainly did not
die upon the Cross and, therefore, the doctrine of Atonement
which has its basis on the supposed death of Jesus on the Cross
does not deserve to be considered a whit more than mere whim
and fantasy. Moreover, this deleterious doctrine casts a slur on
Jesus himself for it asserts that Jesus, bearing the burden of the
sins of the whole human race, became himself accursed of God,
and went into hell for three days (Galatians, 3:13). To call this
true and righteous prophet of God as a man accursed and con-demned
to hell is indeed an insolence of the worst kind. It is
simply inconceivable that a man who had been raise by the Most
High God to keep off and save people from the furnace of hell
fell into it himself.
62 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH