Fundamentals of the

CHRISTIAN FAITH

in the Light of the Gospels

by

Maulana Sadr-ud-din

Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha‘at Islam Lahore, U.S.A., Inc.


First edition 1963
Second edition
(retypeset) 1997
© 1997 by Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha‘at Islam Lahore Inc. U.S.A.
All Rights Reserved


I feel indebted to Mirza Masum Beg who very kindly undertook to render the Urdu original into English.
— The Author.

Foreword

Speaking of the Gospel of Jesus, God confirms in the Holy

Quran that it was revealed by Him (3 : 3), and that Jesus was His

apostle (4 : 171), and a true and righteous servant; and (19 : 30)

speaking of his mother, Mary, God testifies that she was a chaste

and pure woman (21 : 91; 66 : 12). These Divine declarations

were intended to absolve and acquit both Mary and Jesus of the

disgraceful charges which the Jews had leveled against them.

These obscene and contemptuous charges had lacerated and rent

the hearts of the Christians; and the Holy Prophet Muhammad

(peace and the blessings of God be upon him) who always stood

for and supported truth, finding the Christians a target of tyranny

and oppression, made up his mind to help them. The Christians

had their abode at Najran, a place far-flung from Medina, and

were helpless and weak, whereas the Jews who were much supe-rior

to the Christians in knowledge, wealth and number, lived in

Medina along with the Holy Prophet. To stand by the weak,

which was bound to provoke the wrath of the stronger nation,

was certainly no small or easy task. The so-called civilized

nations of the twentieth century have nothing to do with the

righteousness of a cause, nor do they cherish any respect or

regard for fair play and justice in favor of a weaker people sub-jected

to oppression. On the contrary, they would stand up to

support the aggression of a stronger nation to gain their selfish

ends; the weeping and wailing of a weaker people, even though

they may be in the right, does not excite in them any feeling of

sympathy. But the Holy Prophet, who always stressed the adop-tion

of righteousness and truth and maintenance of equity and

justice, did not hesitate even for a moment to render help to the

oppressed Christians, even at the risk of provoking the animos-iii.ity of a stronger people who were stricken with prejudice to an

abnormal degree. And it was for this reason that some European

writers as well as some commentators of the Holy Bible have

been pleased to call the Holy Prophet "Chivalrous" for his

unique heroism and courage.

There is yet another fact worth mentioning. The Holy Prophet

had left behind him his word of honor that when the Muslims

would conquer Egypt, they should abide by the sacred covenant

already announced by him, viz., that it should be the responsibil-ity

of the Muslim rulers to protect the life, honor, and property of

every non-Muslim subject of the Islamic State, that all the rights

of citizenship of such subjects should be properly safeguarded,

and that they should enjoy freedom of speech and conscience. All

these rights and privileges were conferred on the Christian sub-jects

of Egypt when it was conquered. However it came to pass

on one occasion that the son of ‘Amr bin al-‘As, the conqueror

and governor of Egypt, beat up a Christian in public. This inci-dent

threw the Muslim rulers to a severe test. When the news

reached Medina, the Caliph Hazrat Umar Faruq summoned both

the governor and the young prince to appear before him at

Medina, where the Caliph reprimanded the governor, saying:

_ Arabic is used here.

[i.e. since how long have you assumed the authority of enslav-ing

people born free by their mothers?] This reproof uttered by

a just and truth-loving Caliph, as Hazrat Umar was, is a histori-cal

fact and shall abide and endure for all time to come. Besides

this sharp admonition, the young prince was also punished in the

presence of his father and the public.

This action of justice created confidence in the minds of the

people: it convinced them that the rights of the non-Muslim sub-jects

were absolutely safe and secure in the Islamic State. On the

Christians of Egypt particularly it produced a very wholesome

effect; they would never imagine that the Muslim rulers and

their princes could also be held to account for their deeds and

punished, and that too for the sake of protection of the non-

iv FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.Muslims. They came to know that the Islamic law recognizes no

such thing as any person’s special privilege or prerogative.

Having recounted these instructive facts of history, we wish

the Christians of the world in general, and those of Pakistan in

particular, to recall Jesus’ (peace be on him) teaching: Love thine

enemy. Is it, then, right for them to harbor animosity and ill-will

in their minds against such a kind and benevolent personality as

the Holy Prophet of Islam and pour into the ears of the Muslim

youth poisonous and perverted things against him? The people

of Pakistan expected no such treatment at the hands of the

Christians, and it is not surprising that this behavior should

shock and rend the hearts of the people of Pakistan.

The Christian subjects of Pakistan are witnesses to the pleas-ing

spectacle of Islamic toleration. They are living a life of

honor and peace. They enjoy freedom of every kind, and their

way of life, their religious rites and worship are not interfered

with in any way. Their rights are thoroughly safeguarded and

many Christians hold high positions in the country’s administra-tive

machinery. These are, undoubtedly, the fine fruits of the

Holy Prophet’s sublime teachings which they are enjoying to

their benefit. It is, therefore, not proper for them to use offensive

and bitter language in respect of this benign benefactor. We

appeal to the Christians of the world in general, and those of

Pakistan in particular, that they should revise and reconsider

their methods and ways of preaching, and abstain from practices

which injure Muslim feelings. The world today stands in need of

peace and mutual goodwill more than it ever did before. The

Holy Prophet’s principles which have been stated in the clearest

terms point out that just as God is the Rabb and Lord of the

entire universe, so He is the Rabb, i.e. Cherisher, of all the

nations of the world, that all the nations of the world are one

great family of God, and that those who treat this great Family

of the Most Beneficent God with kindness and affection are His

loved ones. It has, further, been taught by the Holy Prophet that

just as, for the development of our physical faculties, God has

bestowed upon all nations of the world, without distinction or

discrimination, the blessings of sun and moon, wind and rain, in

FOREWORD v.vi FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH

like manner, for the development of their spiritual and moral

faculties, He has showered His spiritual bounties upon all the

nations of the world in the form of Heavenly Books; and for that

reason, such noble and righteous men of God have been appear-ing

among the nations as worshipped and adored the Most High

God, and rendered selfless service to His creatures. And it was

for this reason that the Muslims have been commanded to

believe in all the prophets and Sacred Scriptures of all the

nations of the world, and to cherish profound respect for them

all, and to have sincere faith that God’s good and righteous men

are found among all the peoples of the world. These articles of

faith go a long way to bring about genuine union among the peo-ples

of the world, and to establish real peace.

The Author

Ahmadiyyah Buildings,

Lahore.Contents

Foreword iii

The Concept of Divine Unity in the Gospels 1

Divine Commandments and Tradition 2

Jesus did not Teach the Doctrine of Atonement

—Sin Washed off by Repentance 3

Man’s Moral and Spiritual Reform 4

God is Pleased with Those who Repent 5

Repentance Procures Paradise 5

Universal Belief in the Healing and

Uplifting Power of Repentance 6

The Law of Reclamation 8

Jesus and the Doctrine of Atonement 8

The Ways of God’s Will and Pleasure 10

Superiority of Spiritual over Blood Relationship 10

Divine Word Gives Life 11

One and the Same Law for the Evolution

of Body and Soul 12

Salvation Depends on Obedience to

Divine Commandments 13

Sinful Life Leads into Hell 15

God Forgives Sinners 17

The Righteous Have Always Existed in the World

says the Gospel 17

Zacharias and His Wife were Righteous 18

Doctrine of Atonement contrary to Biblical Teaching 19

Mention of Prophetesses and Righteous Women 19

Enoch, too, is Alive in Heaven 20

Belief in God requires Obedience to His Apostle 21

Jesus, a Human Being and an Apostle of God 22

vii.viii FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH

Jesus was an Apostle of God 23

Jesus, a Near One of God 24

Signs of the Near Ones of God 25

Jesus, not God, but God’s Apostle 25

Jesus was not God, but Man 25

Jesus, the Son of a Prophet 27

Jesus included Himself among Prophets 28

Jesus was like other Prophets 28

False Prophets 29

Jesus, a Human Being 30

Jesus had a Human Father 30

Jesus Worked as a Carpenter for Thirty Years 31

Jesus was the Son of a Carpenter 32

Jesus Lived in Constant Fear

Which is not an Attribute of God 33

Jesus was from the Seed of David, and was not God 33

Jesus Had Been Raised for the Guidance

of The Children of Israel 34

Jesus, a Follower of Jewish Law 35

Jesus’ Mental and Physical Development

like other Human Children 36

The Gospels regard Jesus as a Human Being 36

No Historical Evidence of Jesus 36

Humility and Humanity of Jesus 37

No Mention of Church Dogma in the

Sermon on the Mount 37

Sermon on the Mount opposed to Teaching

of Church Christianity 38

Jesus Opposed to the Doctrine of Atonement 40

Significance of the Term "Son of God" only a Metaphor 40

Judas Iscariot called Son of Devil 41

Called the Children of the Devil 41

Significance of becoming the Son of God,

and becoming the Son of the Devil 42

The Righteous Called Angels and Children of God 43

Enoch’s Ascension and Faithfulness 44

Melchisedec Like unto the Son of God 44.No Exclusive Distinction for Jesus 45

Human to the Bone of His Back 46

Jesus on the Judgement Day 46

Jesus Lower than Angels 47

The Effect which Jesus Produced on his

Kith and Kin and Disciples 47

How Jesus Treated His Mother 47

Effect on Other Relatives 48

Disciples’ Rebuke and Renunciation 51

Impression Jesus Created on Jewish Mind 51

Jesus’ Uncivil Language 51

Undue Favor to an Adulterous 52

Anointed by a Harlot 52

Violation of the Sabbath 53

No External Cleanliness 53

Plucking of Others’ Corn 53

Riding a Stolen Ass 53

A Wine-bibber 53

Jesus’ Wishing Desolation of Jerusalem 53

Accused of Calling Himself the Son of God 54

Charge of High Treason 54

The Crucifixion 55

The Damned Death 55

Disciples’ Monstrous Interpretation 55

Jewish Charge, the Basis of Christian Belief 56

The Gospels Contradict Church Doctrine 57

Jesus Taken Down Alive from the Cross 57

Forty Days after Regaining Consciousness 57

His Flesh and Bones 57

Jesus’ Picture in the Museums of Europe and America 58

Conclusion 58

FOREWORD ix..Fundamentals of

The Christian Faith

in the Light of the Gospels

Man studies Sacred Scriptures that he may be able to get a

good knowledge of the Most High God, and of the ways and

means of His will and pleasure. Both these important objects can

be gained through a careful study of the Gospels. First of all, the

Gospels should be studied to obtain knowledge of the Most High

God; for, without a knowledge of that Supreme Being, neither

peace of mind nor purity of action can be achieved.

THE CONCEPT OF DIVINE UNITY IN THE GOSPELS

About the Most High God the Gospels say that He is the One

True God, Who alone should be worshipped and adored, served

devotedly and obeyed; and that it is senseless and irrational to

raise a creature of His, whosoever he may be, to Divine heights.

In this context, the following verses may be read with advantage:

Again, the devil taketh him [Jesus] up into an exceeding high

mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and

the glory of them; and saith unto him, All these things will I give

thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. Then saith Jesus unto

him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship

the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve (Matt., 4:8-10).

This passage inculcates in an unambiguous and plain language

that the Most High God is the One True God, Who alone should

be worshipped and adored, and no other being excepting Him

should be invoked in prayer. Besides Matthew, other Gospels, too,

have laid stress upon this rational and useful doctrine:

(1) And one of the scribes asked . . . him, Which is the first

commandment of all? And Jesus answered him, The first of all

1.2 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH

the commandments is: Hear O Israel; The Lord our God is one

Lord: and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart ,

and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy

strength: this is the first commandment. And the second is like,

namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. There is

none other commandment greater than these. And the scribe said

unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one

God; and there is none other than he…. And when Jesus saw that

he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from

the kingdom of God…. (Mark, 12:28-34).

(2) And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him,

saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? He said unto

him, What is written in the law? How readest thou? And he

answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy

heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all

thy mind; and thy neighbor as thyself. And he said unto him, Thou

has answered right: this do, and thou shalt live (Luke, 10:25-28).

Matthew in his Gospel (22:37-39) has also recorded this

rational teaching literatim and then stresses its importance thus

(22:40): On these two commandments hang all the law and the

prophets.

(3) And this is eternal life, that they might know thee the only

true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent [as Prophet]

(John, 17:3).

From these passages, it is clear beyond all doubt that Jesus

taught and preached that man should believe in the only true

God, and should worship and adore none besides Him.

DIVINE COMMANDMENT AND TRADITION

As against this Divine teaching, it is highly foolish and

improper to take to any other traditional man-made teaching.

Jesus, too, had sensed this inclination of the people, namely, that

setting aside the Book of God, they begin to show obedience to

the personal biddings of their religious preceptors. Jesus said:

For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tra-dition

of men…. And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the.commandment of God, that ye may keep your tradition (Mark,

7:8-9).

This important caution of Jesus has also been recorded by

Matthew in his Gospel (15:3-6):

Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your

tradition?…. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of

none effect by your tradition.

This word of warning uttered by Jesus himself should be suf-ficient

to awaken the Christians to the Gospel truth, so that they

should refuse to accept the dogma of Trinity which stands in

defiance of the unity of God.

JESUS DID NOT TEACH THE DOCTRINE

OF ATONEMENT

SIN WASHED OFF BY REPENTANCE

The other doctrine whereon Jesus has laid special stress is

that man, renouncing all his sinful activities through remorse

and repentance, should become as pure and clean as an innocent

child whose very nature abhors sin and cherishes love for virtue.

Jesus even tries to carry man much higher than this state of inno-cence,

and inculcates that if you wish to be perfect, you must

imbue yourself with Divine attributes. This is indeed an ideal

teaching, which stands in bold contrast to the notion of Original

Sin and the consequent dogma of Atonement. To quote Jesus’

own words:

Then were there brought unto him little children, that he

should put his hands on them, and pray: and the disciples rebuked

them. But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not to

come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven (Matt.,

19:13-14).

Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in

heaven is perfect (Matt., 5:48).

That man should strive to become innocent and pure like

children, and that he should imbue himself with Divine attrib-utes,

was the highest aim of Jesus’ ministry. It will, therefore, be

SIN WASHED OFF BY REPENTANCE 3.4 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH

the grossest injustice to Jesus to assert that he inculcated that

man was sinful by nature. On the contrary, Jesus never believed

that man had become rotten and impure to such an extent that it

was impossible to reclaim and reform him, and that the only way

to save and deliver him was that Jesus himself should lay down

his life on the cursed Cross, bearing the burden of the sins of

humanity. There is nothing in the Gospel to approve and endorse

this doctrine. The Gospel, while directing on the one hand that

man should become sinless and pure like innocent children, and

should imbue himself with Divine attributes, cannot on the other

hand have subscribed to the doctrine of Atonement.

MAN’S MORALAND SPIRITUAL REFORM

The recipe which can bring about and restore man’s spiritual

and moral equilibrium is Repentance. It means the giving up of

the wrong way, and returning to the right path. Man quits the

wrong path only when he comes to believe that trudging upon it

will prove injurious. He, therefore, returns to the right way,

remorse-stricken. The fire of regret and repentance burns up and

consumes his sins; and his mind consequently regains spiritual

harmony. The human body has inherently been made healthful

by the Most High God. Of course, man sometimes falls ill, but

he regains health after proper treatment. Very much in the same

way, God has created man sound and strong spiritually also, but

whenever he falls a prey to some immoral tendency, repentance

comes to his rescue and he recovers moral health. The same

Supreme Being, Who has laid down a law for the physical

recovery of the ailing man, has also ordained a law for his spir-itual

healing. And it was in view of this eternal truth that Jesus

emphasized that one should have recourse to repentance for spir-itual

reconstruction. See what Jesus observes in this connection:

From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for

the kingdom of heaven is at hand (Matt., 4:17).

And Levi made him a great feast in his own house: and there

was a great company of publicans and of others that sat down

with them. But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his.disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with the publicans

and sinners? And Jesus answering said unto them, They that are

whole need not a physician; but they that are sick. I came not to

call the righteous, but sinners to repentance (Luke, 5:29-32).

GOD IS PLEASED WITH THOSE WHO REPENT

Jesus (peace be on him) further said: Just as a shepherd,

recovering one lost sheep, becomes happy and pleased:

I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one

sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just per-sons,

which need no repentance (Luke, 15:7).

It is obvious from these quotations that Jesus believed in the

universal fact that healthy and the "whole" persons exist along

with the sick, and the sinners side by side with the righteous, and

that just as the healthy and the "whole" stand in no need of a

physician, likewise the righteous need no repentance. Jesus also

says that a sinner is healed with repentance and that when a

sinner repents, there is joy in heaven over this act of the sinner.

REPENTANCE PROCURES PARADISE

Jesus reposed full belief in the fact, as is borne out by the fol-lowing

verses, that a man could inherit paradise by having

recourse to repentance and remorse:

Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publi-cans

and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you. For

John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed

him not: but the publicans and harlots believed him: and ye,

when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might

believe him (Matt., 21:31-32).

Jesus has stated here in clear words that Repentance is such

a sure and sovereign remedy that it would prove efficacious for

any and every ailing person in every age. John the Baptist tried

this effective cure with the result that the publicans and the har-lots

entered the kingdom of God.

REPENTANCE PROCURES PARADISE 5.6 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH

UNIVERSAL BELIEF IN THE HEALING AND

UPLIFTING POWER OF REPENTANCE

The unfailing efficacy of this cure is admitted by every

nation of the world. Through Repentance sinful people are enno-bled

and purified; even the thieves give up their life-long habit

of stealing, and begin to live a new and honest life; and the liars,

forsaking their degrading habit, become trustworthy and truth-ful.

Reformatory schools profess that repentance is efficacious,

jails make use of this universal cure with manifest advantage, by

the grace whereof some of their wretched inmates give up their

old habits, and start a better and improved life. If man’s recla-mation

had been an impossibility, no reformatory schools would

ever have been established, nor would Jesus or his forerunner,

John the Baptist, have emphasized the doctrine of Repentance.

We read in Matthew:

Then went out to him [John the Baptist] Jerusalem, and all

Judea, and all the region round about Jordan, and were baptized

of him in Jordan, confessing their sins. But when he saw many of

the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto

them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from

the wrath to come? Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repen-tance:

and think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham

to our father…therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good

fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire (Matt., 3:5-10).

In fine, all the wise men of the world and all the apostles

raised by God have found it very useful for the reclamation of a

fallen man that he should repent, i.e. believing that the wrong

path pursued by him is deadly and destructive, he should turn

back to the right way. It is true that he repairs to this course only

when the disadvantages of the wrong path become conspicuous

before his eyes and he becomes fully conscious of the shame and

disgrace that await him. The fire of self-reproach burns down his

sins to ashes, and the tears of his regret and remorse wash off the

stains produced by his transgression. Repentance was the chief

cure of John the Baptist about whom the following description

will prove instructive, for is has a special bearing on this subject:.7

He shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink nei-ther

wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy

Ghost, even from his mother’s womb. And many of the children

of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God [through repen-tance]…

and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just [through

repentance] (Luke, 1:15-17).

The teaching of John the Baptist bore good fruit so that even

the harlots entered the kingdom of God (Matt., 21:31). To assert

in the face of these hard facts that man cannot be delivered of sin

is to contradict the Divine truth, and to give the lie to the teach-ing

of the righteous prophets like Jesus and John the Baptist.

Jesus has, like John, laid utmost stress upon the doctrine that

man can be cleansed of sin through repentance, and become as

pure and clean as an innocent child:

And Jesus called a little child unto him, and set him in the

midst of them, and said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be con-verted,

and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the

kingdom of heaven (Matt., 18:2-3).

Jesus has indeed expounded and explained this great princi-ple

of Repentance on many occasions. He said, addressing

Nicodemus:

Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he

cannot see the kingdom of God. Nicodemus saith unto him, How

can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter the second time

into his mother’s womb, and be born? (John 3:3-4).

It is obviously clear that Nicodemus could not understand the

words spoken by Jesus. Jesus meant to say that man should

bring about such a complete change by means of repentance that

it may seem as if he was born again. All the prophets, as stated

by Jesus himself, have agreed unanimously upon this great prin-ciple

taught by Jesus and John the Baptist:

Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchers of the prophets, and

your fathers killed them. Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the

deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and ye build

their sepulchers. Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will

send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall

UNIVERSAL BELIEF IN THE HEALING… 7.8 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH

slay and persecute…. Verily I say unto you, lawyers! for ye have

taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves,

and them that were entering in ye hindered (Luke, 11:47-52).

THE LAW OF RECLAMATION

It can be easily understood from this sacred text that the law

which the Most High God gave unto the prophets for the recla-mation

of a fallen man was the doctrine of Repentance, and he

actually succeeded in bringing many a fallen man back to the

virtuous path by its means, and sinners became worthy and fit to

be admitted into the kingdom of God. This beneficial law which

had been inculcated by the prophets is also found embedded in

the very nature of man. Parents reform their children by this

effective cure, and teachers succeed in reclaiming spoilt chil-dren.

It is on account of this natural goodness of the human heart

that convicts come to adopt a new life and become useful citi-zens

of the State. It is the same natural law by means of which

ailments of the human body are cured, and the body once again

becomes healthy and "whole." In the physical as well as in the

spiritual world this law of God holds good, and it has proved to

be invariably true and effective. The Most High God, being mer-ciful

and compassionate, would never wish that a man who has

once fallen ill should ever remain so. In the same way, it is not

His law that one who has once committed a sin should continue

to welter in sin, and should be condemned and thrown out of His

kingdom for all time to come.

JESUS AND THE DOCTRINE OF ATONEMENT

Jesus has taught in the clearest terms that just as it is in the

nature of man to forgive and forget, in like manner it is also the

glory of the Most High God to forgive sins. And it is for this

reason that he has laid utmost emphasis on this teaching that it

is proper and meet for a person to forgive him who has offended

against him or, in other words, who has committed a sin against

him. Jesus has taught us to pray: O God! forgive us our sins, as

we forgive them who have sinned against us. He has also warned

us, saying, if we forgive not them who have trespassed against.JESUS AND THE DOCTRINE OF ATONEMENT 9

us, the Most High God, too, will not forgive us for our tres-passes.

Let us ponder over the words of his prayer:

After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in

heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be

done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread.

And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us

not into temptation.…For if ye forgive men their trespasses,

your heavenly Father will also forgive you: but if ye forgive not

men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your tres-passes

(Matt., 6:9-15).

The same teaching has been reiterated in the following verses:

Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my

brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times? Jesus

saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but until

seventy times seven. Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened

unto a certain king, which would take account of his ser-vants…

Then the lord of that servant was moved with

compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the debt. . . .And

his lord was wroth [with another servant who had not forgiven

his brother’s debt of an hundred pence], and delivered him to the

tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him. So like-wise

shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your

hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses (Matt.,

18:21-35).

Furthermore:

Or what man is there of you, whom if his son ask bread, will

he give him a stone? Or if he ask a fish, will he give him a ser-pent?

If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto

your children, how much more shall your Father which is in

heaven give good things to them that ask him? Therefore all

things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even

so to them: for this is the law and the prophets (Matt., 7:9-12).

This teaching which constitutes real good tidings is in perfect

unison with human nature and is readily accepted..10 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH

THE WAYS OF GOD’S WILL AND PLEASURE

The teaching of the prophets is not limited to repentance

alone. This part of their teaching pertains only to those people

who are morally sick. As for those who are not so, or have

recovered after a spell of moral ailment, the most important part

of their teaching is to persuade them to seek and search after the

ways of God’s will and pleasure. Jesus, who was one of the

apostles of God, has also laid stress upon the achievement of

God’s will and pleasure, observing that it can be obtained only

through complete submission to His commandments. He said

that the Divine Word certainly gives life, that is to say, the Word

of God or the Book of God, which enjoined upon men to walk

in the way of God’s will and pleasure, infuses a new life into

them. In Jesus’ own words:

(1) Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him

that sent me, and to finish his work (John, 4:34).

In this verse Jesus has stated clearly in respect of himself that

he had been sent by the Most High God as an apostle, and that

the purpose of his life was to do the will of God, and fulfil the

work of preaching truth, entrusted to him. The highest destiny of

all the prophets and in fact of all mankind is to carry out the will

of God — which results in a happy and peaceful life. This sub-lime

and ennobling doctrine contradicts and falsifies the notions

of Original Sin and the consequent Atonement.

SUPERIORITY OF SPIRITUAL

OVER BLOOD RELATIONSHIP

(2) Said Jesus, if his blood-relations believed not in him, they

were not his relatives, and that his relatives were those who

acted according to the will of the Most High God. It is stated in

the Gospel according to Mark (3:31-35):

There came then his brethren and his mother, and, standing

without, sent unto him, calling him. And the multitude sat about

him, and they said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy

brethren without seek for thee. And he answered them, saying,

Who is my mother, or my brethren? And he looked round about.on them which sat about him, and said, Behold my mother and

my brethren! For whosoever shall do the will of God, the same

is my brother, and my sister, and mother.

It appears from this statement of Jesus that his mother, broth-ers

and sisters believed not in his teachings, and it was for this

reason that he neither stood up to receive them, nor considered

their relationship to be a point of honor and pride for himself. On

the other hand, he gave preference over them to those others

who accepted and acknowledged his teachings.1 Jesus himself

obeyed the commandments of the Most High God, and he

required of his followers also to do the same. According to

Jesus, those who do the will of God are his relations and are

placed above those who claim blood relationship with him.

DIVINE WORD GIVES LIFE

(3) Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to

be tempted of the devil. And when he had fasted forty days and

forty nights, he was afterward an hungered. And when the

tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, com-mand

that these stones be made bread. But he answered and

said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every

word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God (Matt., 4:1-4).

Just as rain generates life in the dead soil, in the same way

Divine Word brings to life the dead soil of the human heart. It is

a fact of Nature that the human heart is God-conscious, and it is

on account of this natural affinity that the Word of God succeeds

in fertilizing the soil of human heart. And just as the development

of body imparts strength to physical organs, likewise the devel-opment

of mental and spiritual faculties builds up an excellent

moral fabric. Teachers entrusted with the education of young

1 Jesus’ indifferent attitude towards his kith and kin was not without reason.

They were opposed to his teachings, which they called and condemned as

a madman’s raving. Mark has this sad story on record in the following

words (3:20-21):

And the multitude cometh together again, so that they could not so much

as eat bread. And when his friends heard of it, they went out to lay hold on

him: for they said, He is beside himself.

DIVINE WORD GIVES LIFE 11.12 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH

children know full well that it is the proper evolution of the fac-ulties

planted in the minds of children that makes man a real man,

and lifts him up to the highest plane of spirituality. The purpose

of human life is achieved by unfolding and evolving these facul-ties

which the Most High God has created in man, and it was with

reference to this great aim that Jesus had said that Divine Word

infuses life into the human heart. This teaching of Jesus is, of a

truth, sublime and scientific. His great aim was to cultivate

human faculties with the water of heavenly word, and this should

be the highest goal and objective before mankind. All psycholo-gists

and educationists keep this principle in view. No

educationist can subscribe to the dogma of Original Sin, which

forms the basis of Atonement. This truth was affirmed by Jesus:

Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God (Matt., 5:8).

What a fine and elevating teaching is this, compared to which the

doctrine of Atonement neither appeals, nor offers any attraction,

to the people of knowledge and understanding!

ONE AND THE SAME LAW FOR THE EVOLUTION

OF BODY AND SOUL

Jesus has said that the same God Who has created body has

also created soul, i.e. the creator of both body and soul is one

and the same Being. It is, therefore, necessary that there should

be one and the same law governing the evolution of both the

body and the soul. In this connection, Luke records (11:37-41):

And as he spake, a certain Pharisee besought him to dine

with him: and he went in, and sat down to meat. And when the

Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed before

dinner. And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make

clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part

is full of ravening and wickedness. Ye fools, did not he that made

that which is without make that which is within also? But rather

give alms of such things as you have; and, behold, all things are

clean unto you.

The texts of the Gospel set forth lucidly that there is, in the

laws governing the body and the soul, homogeneity and coher-.ence. If the soul be sick, abomination creeps into human deeds,

but if the soul be healthy and pure, goodness and excellence are

reflected in man’s actions. Divine Word is the light of the soul.

When the soul is illuminated with God’s Word, goodness and

virtue are mirrored in human actions. This teaching of Jesus,

there is no gainsaying the fact, is at once rational and useful. It

appeals to human nature and penetrates into the human soul. To

inculcate and preach the unintelligible doctrine of Atonement, as

against this beautiful teaching, is to belie and repudiate the shin-ing

truths taught by Jesus.

SALVATION DEPENDS ON OBEDIENCE TO

DIVINE COMMANDMENTS

Salvation depends upon a true belief in the existence of the

Most High God, and complete obedience to His command-ments.

Jesus said:

(1) And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only

true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou has sent [as a prophet]

(John, 17:3).

To repose faith in the One True God and to look upon Jesus

as His apostle has been inculcated in this verse. And these two

articles of faith, which are of fundamental importance, are the

only factors that can create moral rectitude and purity in human

actions. Just as it in necessary to believe in the One True God, in

the same way it is also necessary to believe in the apostle who

points to the ways and means of acquiring Divine pleasure, and

who himself leads the life of an exemplar.

(2) Emphasizing the importance of doing good deeds, Jesus

said:

And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which

I say? Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and

doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like: he is like a man

which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation

on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently

upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon

a rock. But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that

SALVATION DEPENDS ON OBEDIENCE… 13.without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against

which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell;

and the ruin of that house was great (Luke, 6:46-49).

(3) Matthew reads to the same effect:

And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what

good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? And he said

unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one,

that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the command-ments….

The young man saith unto him, All these things have I

kept from my youth up: what lack I yet? Jesus said unto him, If

thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the

poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven (Matt., 19:16-21).

And again:

(4) There came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked

him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?

And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is

none good but one, that is, God. Thou knowest the command-ments.

. . .And he answered and said unto him, Master, all these

have I observed from my youth….Then Jesus . . .said unto him,

One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatever thou hast, and

give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven (Mark,

10:17-21).

(5) And they [the angels] shall gather out of his kingdom all

things that offend, and them which do iniquity; and shall cast

them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing

of teeth, Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the

kingdom of their Father (Matt., 13:41-43).

(6) And these [i.e. the evil-doers] shall go away into ever-lasting

punishment: but the righteous into life eternal

(Matt.,25:46).

(7) I say unto you, that except your righteousness shall

exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in

no case enter into the kingdom of heaven (Matt., 5:20).

(8) Let your light so shine before men, that they may see

your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven

(Matt., 5:16).

14 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.From these verses it is clear beyond all doubt that Jesus,

besides requiring the people to be chaste and pure, also brought

home to them with great force and clarity that, without real and

true righteousness, life eternal could never be achieved.

Furthermore, it transpires from a study of these verses that the

most desirable thing, as believed by Jesus, was that people

should turn to and obey the Most High God, and adopt a life of

God-fearing and good actions. This and this only is the way that

pleases God and God’s people. The dogma of Atonement, there-fore,

appears to be repugnant to the true teachings of Jesus

Christ. This doctrine should therefore be renounced.

SINFUL LIFE LEADS INTO HELL

Just as noble and virtuous living gains life eternal for man, in

the same way a sinful and vicious life generates the fire of hell.

In this connection Gospel texts read:

(1) Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!…ye are

the children of them which killed the prophets…Ye serpents, ye

generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?

(Matt., 23:29-33).

(2) The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given

to a nation bringing forth the fruit thereof (Matt., 21-43).

(3) They [the angels] shall gather out of his kingdom…them

which do iniquity; and shall cast them into a furnace of fire:

there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then shall the right-eous

shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father (Matt.,

13:41-43).

(4) So shall it be at the end of the world [just as from among

the good fish the bad ones are cast away]: the angels shall come

forth, and sever the wicked from among the just, and shall cast

them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnash-ing

of teeth (Matt., 13:49-50).

(5) O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak

good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth

speaketh. A good man out of the good treasure of the heart

bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil trea-

SINFUL LIFE LEADS INTO HELL 15.sure bringeth forth evil things. But I say unto you, That every

idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof

on the day of judgement. For by thy words thou shalt be justi-fied,

and by thy words thou shalt be condemned (Matt.,

12:34-37).

(6) A woman of ill-repute came and poured perfumed oint-ment

on Jesus’ head and feet, whereupon Jesus said:

Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole

world, there shall also this, that this woman hath done, be told

for a memorial of her (Matt., 26:13; Mark, 14:9; Luke, 7:37-39).

(7) When a poor widow contributed two mites which made a

farthing, to be spent in the way of God, Jesus said unto his dis-ciples:

Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more

in, than all they which have cast into the treasury (Mark, 12:43).

These verses throw a flood of light on some very vital ques-tions,

affirming that salvation depends on leading a righteous

and honest life. Even the smallest good is acceptable to and has

its reward with the Most High God. The doctrine of Atonement,

in the face of this great truth, appears opposed to the word of

God, and therefore loses ground. The following verses run in the

same strain:

(8) Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart

from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil

and his angels (Matt., 25:41).

(9) Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter

into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my

Father which is in heaven….And then will I profess unto them,

I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.

Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth

them, I will liken him unto a wise man….And everyone that

heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be

likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand

(Matt., 7:21-26).

(10) Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left

house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or

16 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.children, or lands, for my sake, and the gospel’s. But he shall

receive an hundredfold now in this time (Mark, 10:29).

(11) And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake: but

he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved (Mark,

13:13).

(12) A Samaritan took mercy on an afflicted man. Jesus

appreciated and admired him, saying that he acted up to the

Divine Commandment which said: Love thy neighbor as thyself

(Luke, 10:33-37).

It can be easily gathered from these clearly-worded verses of

the Gospel that the Most High God thinks well of and requires

noble deeds. His Law, in this respect, is one and the same for a

Christian, a Samaritan, and any other non-Christian. People who

call themselves Christians, but act not in conformity with Jesus’

teachings, shall be turned out of the kingdom of God; for lip-profession

has no value, no atonement will come to their rescue.

GOD FORGIVES SINNERS

God hears not the sinners, nor accepts their worship. But if a

sinner should repent, and, recoiling from his evil course, reform

himself, then the Most High God certainly forgives him. It is

recorded in John (9:31) that God heareth not sinners: but if any

man be a worshipper of God, and doeth his will, him he heareth.

Likewise, it is stated in Luke (15:7) that even if one sinner

should repent, and forsaking the wrong way, return to the Right

Path, the Most High God becomes happy and pleased.

THE RIGHTEOUS HAVE ALWAYS EXISTED

IN THE WORLD, SAYS THE GOSPEL

Whereas it is explicitly stated in the Gospel that ever since

the world came into being, the righteous people have ever been

present in it, the Gospel nowhere says that the whole of the

human race is sinful by nature. From a study of the verses

quoted below, it becomes abundantly clear that Adam himself

was good and righteous; and from his seed righteous people

have been born in every age.

THE RIGHTEOUS HAVE ALWAYS EXISTED… 17.(1) God created man [Adam] in his own image (Gen., 1:27).

(2) Adam. . .was the son of God (Luke, 3:38).

To be called and denominated as the son of God is, as a

matter of fact, the highest honor which can be attained only by

doing good and righteous deeds with a devoted and sincere

heart. It would be highly absurd for the Gospel to say that Adam

was the son of God and then to say, in the same breath, that he

was born in sin, and so also his progeny,

(3) Adam had two sons, Abel and Cain. The Torah says about

them: The Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering (Gen.,

4:4). Abel was, in the sight of God, good and righteous, and was

designated as the first martyr (refer Gen., 4:3-5; Matt., 23:35;

Luke, 11:51).

It is thus evident that there were born, among the children of

Adam, good as well as guilty persons, and that neither Adam nor

the whole of his progeny were sinful and iniquitous. The histor-ical

truths recorded in the Bible prove conclusively that the

doctrine of calling and condemning Adam and his offspring as

sinful by nature is a doctrine repugnant to the Divine teaching

revealed by the Most High God. For instance:

ZACHARIAS AND HIS WIFE WERE RIGHTEOUS

(4) Zacharias and his wife, Elisabeth, were both righteous

before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of

the Lord blameless (Luke, 1:5-6).

(5) John the Baptist was righteous and great. It was said of

him through a prophecy that he shall be great in the sight of the

Lord…and shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his

mother’s womb (Luke 1:13-15).

These verses prove beyond question that Zacharias and his

wife were both sinless and righteous, and that it is within the

power of man to abide by and obey Divine Commandments, and

that all blessedness and bliss lies in the observance of Divine

Laws. It is, therefore, absolutely wrong to assert that the chil-dren

of Adam are sinful by nature and that salvation is

obtainable by atonement and not by means of righteous living.

18 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.The Church Christianity, as we have it today, condemns the best

of creation by calling all the human race as inherently sinful.

Such a teaching, it needs no saying, which casts disgrace on the

entire humanity, certainly cannot be from the Heavenly Father.

DOCTRINE OF ATONEMENT CONTRARY TO

BIBLICAL TEACHING

Both Zacharias and his wife were righteous and blameless,

and their son John, too, who had been raised as a prophet by the

Most High God, was righteous and great and, through his sub-lime

teaching, people also became noble and righteous. In view

of these truths stated by the Gospel, the doctrine of Atonement

is evidently baseless and irrational; rather it is dead against the

true and sensible teaching of the Bible. To regard such a dogma

as a cardinal principle of religion and to ascribe it to Jesus Christ

is highly objectionable.

MENTION OF PROPHETESSES

AND RIGHTEOUS WOMEN

(6) Even Joseph, the husband of Mary, has been spoken of in

the Gospel as a just man (Matt., 1:19), and in the same way,

another man, Joseph of Arimathaea, has been called a good and

just man (Luke, 23:50).

(7) A woman, Anna, was a prophetess (Luke, 2:36). Besides

her, the Torah and the Gospel make mention of other women

who were Divine Messengers and, pointing out the ways of

God’s will and pleasure, called upon the people to walk in the

way of God. It is not, therefore, proper and meet for the

Christians to call and condemn woman as the source of sin, nei-ther

is it right to believe that man has ever been such a devil.

(8) And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name

was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for

the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him

(Luke, 2:25).

MENTION OF PROPHETESSES… 19.ENOCH, TOO, IS ALIVE IN HEAVEN

(9) By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death;

and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his

translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God. But with-out

faith it is impossible to please him (Hebrews, 11:5-6).

The Gospel calls Enoch as the near and dear one of God. And

it is, therefore, unjustifiable and incorrect to profess and preach

as a fundamental principle of faith that all the children of Adam

are sinful, and that the only way to save and deliver them is to

repose belief in the dogma of Atonement.

This sacred verse tells us that Enoch is alive in heaven, and

the commandment of the Most High God in respect of him is

that he shall not see death. If we should accept, for the sake of

argument, the Christian claim that Jesus is alive in heaven

wherefrom he will descend again on this earth, and then he will

close his eyes in a sleep that knows no waking, it shall have to

be admitted in all fairness that Enoch has been given a higher

status than Jesus

(10) Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high

God….; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and

after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; without

father, without mother, without descent, having neither begin-ning

of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God

(Hebrews 7:1-3).

Whereas, on the one hand, the position of Melchesidec

appears to be much superior in every respect to that of Jesus, on

the other hand, it also becomes decisively clear that human race

is not corrupted with innate sin, that there have always been

good and great men, and that some of them were even higher in

status than Jesus Christ. The people of the Gospel should ponder

over this very important question and see for themselves

whether or not they have been setting at naught and repudiating

the clear teaching of the Gospel.

(11) Jesus is called son of Joseph, son of David and son of

Abraham. It proves conclusively that Joseph was a good and

righteous man, as was also Prophet David of whose throne Jesus

20 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.was the rightful inheritor. Abraham is looked upon and regarded

as their great progenitor by both the Jews and the Christians, and

both take pride in calling themselves his progeny. Having

accepted these great men as good and righteous and the near and

dear ones of God, how can a sane and sensible man reconcile his

conscience to the Christian notion that the whole of the human

race is sinful by nature, and cannot be saved but by believing in

Vicarious Atonement.

(12) It was a matter of belief with Jesus that the whole of the

human race is not sinful, since both good and bad people are

always found among all the nations of the world, and the sinners

can return to the Right Path through repentance and become the

dear ones of God. Jesus says that those who are healthy and

"whole" need no physician, that is to say, those physically or

spiritually sick can be cured by treatment, but there are, besides

them, those who are sound in body and mind. Again, Jesus says

that God’s sun shines upon the good and the bad, and His rain

falls on both the righteous and the sinners. Turn to Matthew

(5:44-45) and read:

Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to

them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and perse-cute

you; that ye may be the children of your Father which is in

heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good,

and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.

To fly in the face of this clear and categorical teaching of

Jesus, and believe in the dogma of Atonement, is but a great

wrong.

BELIEF IN GOD REQUIRES OBEDIENCE

TO HIS APOSTLE

Jesus said that for the achievement of eternal and everlasting

life, it is essentially necessary that man should believe in the

One True God, and it is equally necessary that one should

believe in the apostleship of the prophet Jesus. In order to

acquaint His servants with the ways that lead into His presence,

God picks up a righteous man to be His apostle, and he, with the

BELIEF IN GOD REQUIRES OBEDIENCE… 21.blessing and grace of Divine guidance and his own excellent

example, sets people on the Right Path. With reference to these

two very important articles of faith, the Gospel has inculcated:

(1) And this is life eternal, that they might know thee, the

only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou has sent [as thy

apostle] (John, 17:3).

(2) Addressing his disciples, Jesus said:

He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me

receiveth him that sent me (Matt., 10:40).

(3) Again:

Whosoever shall receive me, receiveth not me, but him that

sent me (Mark, 9:37).

In these verses Jesus has expounded very explicitly the real

purpose for which an apostle is sent, namely, to impart unto the

people a knowledge of the Divine Being, and to call upon them

to obey the Commandments of God, and to follow in the foot-steps

of this apostle. But the followers of the apostle, there is no

gainsaying this fearful fact, either through mistake or having

been overwhelmed with excessive love for him, invest him with

Divinity instead of looking upon him as an apostle of God.

(4) He that hath received his testimony hath set to his seal

that God is true. For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words

of God (John, 3:33-34).

Here Jesus professes that he was God’s apostle who appeared

among his people to teach them the most important principle of

the unity of God.

JESUS, A HUMAN BEING AND AN APOSTLE OF GOD.

In the verse quoted above, some very valuable truths have

been stated: first, that Jesus was an apostle of God; second, that

the teaching which he imparted unto the people was not his own,

but it had been revealed unto him by the Most High God, and

those who accepted that teaching set a seal on the fact of God’s

existence. And this is, of a truth, the intended purpose of religion.

(5) God’s word came upon Jesus:

22 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would do the works of

Abraham. But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you

the truth, which I have heard of God (John, 8:39-40).

JESUS WAS AN APOSTLE OF GOD

Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but

his that sent me (John, 7:16).

If I honor myself, my honor in nothing: it is my Father that

honoreth me; of whom ye say, that He is your God (John, 8:54).

For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent

me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say and what I

should speak (John, 12:49).

Now we know that God heareth not sinners: but if any man

be a worshipper of God, and doeth his will, him he heareth

(John, 9:31).

These are precious truths which have been set forth with clar-ity

to convince us that Jesus was not God, but was God’s apostle,

who preached that the pleasure of God can be obtained by wor-shipping

Him and doing His will. Jesus has also stated that

mankind consists of those who sin against God, and those who do

His will; all mankind is not sinful. Jesus has again described him-self

as an apostle, and stated in categorical terms that the teaching

preached by him was not his own personal word, but the Word of

the Most High God, which he received and communicated to the

people. The inevitable logical conclusion, therefore, is that if

Jesus had called himself an apostle, he was, most surely, a human

being, and the term "man" used in respect of him in John 8:40

supports the view that he was but a mortal.

(6) The Gospel has the following fact on its record:

And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, Father I thank thee that

thou hast heard me. And I knew that thou hearest me always: but

because of the people which stand by I said it, that they may

believe that thou has sent me (John, 11:41- 42).

JESUS WAS AN APOSTLE OF GOD 23.JESUS, A NEAR ONE OF GOD

The above verse is quite enlightening. Here Jesus describes

himself as the near one of God whose prayer is answered by

Him invariably, and Jesus offers his thanks to the Most High

God, that his prayer and supplication may create an effect on the

minds of those around him, and they may be persuaded to

believe that he is a Divine messenger.

(7) Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth

not on me, but on him that sent me (John, 12:44).

The sole fact of his being sent by God as an apostle, as

expounded in this verse, was that people might repose their faith

in the Most High God.

(8) Said Jesus:

I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me,

he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I

should speak. And I know that his commandment is life ever-lasting

(John, 12:49-50).

Jesus has lucidly proclaimed, in this verse, that he had been sent

by the Most High God or, in other words, he was an apostle of

God, and that whatever he spoke, he spoke under Divine

Commandment, and that it was not his own word which he

spoke, but the Word of God which infuses life eternal; just as he

had said according to Matthew (4:4) that:

Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that

proceedeth out of the mouth of God. God’s Word is that benefi-cial

heavenly water which enlivens the soil of human heart.

Jesus also said:

Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever

I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that

sent me (John, 13:20).

This text draws, as it were, a boundary line between the

assignment of a prophet and the domain of God Almighty.

24 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.SIGN OF THE NEAR ONES OF GOD

Jesus has pointed out that the near and dear ones of God are

those who obey and carry out, to their best, the commandments of

the Mot High God. In the verses quoted above Jesus has included

himself in the list of God’s chosen men and His apostles.

JESUS, NOT GOD, BUT GOD’S APOSTLE

The following sacred texts, in which the term prophet has been

used in respect of Jesus, may now be read with advantage. When

the opponents of Jesus raised objections against him, and refused

to accept him as an apostle of God, Jesus said in reply that every

nation had been indulging in such cruel treatment of the prophet

of their age. It would be useful to reproduce below the text in

which a mention has been made of the raillery and ridicule poured

on him, and how Jesus calmed his conscience, saying that such an

ill-treatment had invariably been meted out to the prophets.

JESUS WAS NOT GOD, BUT MAN

(1) And when he was come into his own country, he taught

them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished,

and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty

works? Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called

Mary? And his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and

Judas? And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then

hath this man all these things? And they were offended in him.

But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honor save in

his own country, and in his own house (Matt., 13:54-57).

A study of this sacred text discloses the hard fact that people

looked upon and believed Jesus to be a man and the son of a

man, saying that Jesus was born of his mother Mary, in the

house of a carpenter, and that his parents had children, both boys

and girls other than Jesus, and that it was odd that, being a man,

a human being like themselves, he should put forth such big

claims. Jesus said in reply: It is true that I am a human being. But

it is also true that the Most High God picks up, from among the

human beings, a man to be His prophet. I am also a prophet.

JESUS WAS NOT GOD, BUT MAN 25.Prophets, in the past, had likewise been cruelly treated by their

respective peoples. Instead of believing in them, the people dep-recated

and denounced them.

(2) And when he was come into Jerusalem [riding an ass], all

the city was moved, saying, Who is this? And the multitude said,

This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee (Matt., 21:10-11).

(3) The woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a

prophet (John, 4:19).

(4) For the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus

was not yet glorified. Many of the people therefore when they

heard this saying, said Of a truth this is the Prophet (John, 7:39-40).

These texts point out very clearly that Jesus was not God, but

he was sent by God.

(5) Jesus remained on the Cross for a short period of three

hours. He had fallen into a state of complete unconsciousness,

and was not dead, so that when his side was speared (John,

19:34), blood rushed out of his body. One Joseph of Arimathaea,

an honorable counselor of the State, who was also a disciple of

Jesus (John, 19:38), took and carried him in that condition to his

garden, and placed him in a room (John, 19:41) hewn for him in

a rock, above the surface of the ground, and a huge stone was

rolled to the entrance of the room. Blood had already started cir-culating

in his body; the fresh air of the garden further helped

him regain consciousness. Jesus got up and went into the garden,

but for fear of being apprehended again, he dressed himself as a

gardener (John 20:15). And it so happened that two men went

that same day to a village, and they talked together of all these

things which had happened. And it came to pass that Jesus him-self

drew near, and walked along with them. But their eyes were

holden that they should not know him (Luke, 24:13-16). Jesus

asked them what things they had been talking of, one to another,

as they walked. One of them said to him in reply that he was the

only stranger in Jerusalem who knew not the things that had

come to pass there in those days:

And he [Jesus] said unto them, What things? And they said

unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet,

26 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.mighty in deed and word before God and all the people (Luke,

24:19).

Jesus heard this talk, and, finding it correct and true, contra-dicted

it not; for , a prophet he was, of a truth, and prophets, not

gods are crucified and slain.

(6) Then he [Jesus] said unto them [his disciples], O fools,

and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken

(Luke, 24:25).

Admonishing his disciples in this way, Jesus called himself a

prophet, in whom prophecies were fulfilled.

(7) Jesus said:

An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and

there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet

Jonas: for as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s

belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in

the heart of the earth (Matt., 12:39-40).

Describing his resemblance with Prophet Jonah, Jesus made

it clear that he was also a prophet, and that he would face the

same situation as fell to the lot of Jonah. Jonah was swallowed

alive by the whale, and alive was he vomited out. Jesus, thus

outlining his resemblance with Prophet Jonah, proclaimed that

he was also a prophet and, like Jonah, he would be put into the

grave alive and alive he would come out from there.

Accordingly, the angels had informed the women in a vision that

he was alive. Jesus did not confine his comparison to one

prophet alone; he repeated his comparison with Solomon as well

(Luke, 11:31). Jesus claimed that he was one of the prophets.

JESUS, THE SON OF A PROPHET

(8) While the Pharisees were gathered together Jesus asked

them, saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They

say unto him, The son of David (Matt., 22:41-42).

Jesus it is clear, was the son of Joseph, son of David, son of

Abraham, son of Adam. Jesus took this reply of the people to be

correct and true, that he was the son of David, i.e. the son of a

prophet. Jesus was indeed a mortal born of mortal parents.

JESUS, THE SON OF A PROPHET 27.JESUS INCLUDED HIMSELF AMONG PROPHETS

(9) Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because

ye build the tombs of prophets, and garnish the sepulchers of the

righteous, and say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we

would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the

prophets. Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are

the children of them which killed the prophets….Ye serpents, ye

generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?

Wherefore [God had said], behold, I send unto you prophets,

and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and

crucify….Verily I say unto you, [that the chastisement of] All

these things shall come upon this generation. O Jerusalem,

Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which

are sent unto thee….Behold, your house is left unto you desolate

(Matt., 23;29-38).

These verses make it abundantly clear that Jesus included

himself among the Prophets, and also expressed his apprehen-sion

of meeting with the same treatment as was meted out to

other prophets; that his opponents intended to kill him, but the

end of such wicked people would indeed be disastrous and

grievous. Jesus also made it clear that the Most High God

expressed His sorrowfulness and grief on such people, saying,

"You build the tomb of the prophets, but your fathers persecuted

and killed them."

Jesus consoles himself with the following realization:

Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them

prophets and apostles, and some of them shall slay and persecute

(Luke, 11:49).

This realization shows that Jesus classed himself with the

Prophets.

JESUS WAS LIKE OTHER PROPHETS

(10) [Like other prophets, Jesus, the son of man] must suffer

many things, and be rejected of this generation. And as it was in

the day of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of

man….the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came,

28 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.and destroyed them all….But the same day that Lot went out of

Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed

them all. Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is

revealed (Luke, 17:25-30).

These verses speak of Jesus’ resemblance with the Prophets

Noah [Noe] and Abraham, which means that he was a prophet

like other prophets, and that just as those people who received

not and rejected the Prophets were punished by God, in the same

way, the denial of Jesus would draw upon his opponents the

wrath and resentment of heaven.

FALSE PROPHETS

Jesus had warned his people that there would appear false

prophets and false Christs and that they should not be deceived

by them. His own words read:

For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and

shall deceive many (Matt., 24:5).

For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and

shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were

possible, they shall deceive the very elect (Matt., 24:24).

The Gospel of Mark, too, has the same prediction on record

(13:22):

For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall shew

signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect.

One gathers from these verses that the words "Prophet" and

"Christ" (Messiah) are but the titles of God’s Messengers and

the very same titles were shared by Christ himself because he

was also one of God’s Messengers, and as such he was a human

being. Jesus accordingly has called himself Prophet and Christ.

Moreover, in the verses quoted above, mention has been made

of the fact at the time of false prophets and false Christs, good

and righteous people will also be present. It is, therefore, proved

(1) that Jesus was but a prophet and (2) that the entire world is

not full of sinners only, but there have been righteous persons in

every nation, chosen by the Most High God. The words of Jesus

that every age witnessed the presence of righteous people exon-

FALSE PROPHETS 29.erate mankind from the charge of being sinful by nature. This

strikes also at the very root of the dogma of Atonement.

JESUS, A HUMAN BEING

(1) The Gospels present Jesus as a human being, calling him

son of Joseph, son of David, a son of Abraham, son of Adam. In

his genealogy there are women as well as men, proving thereby

that Jesus was but a human being, belonging to the human race.

He said that he was the son of David, and had come to inherit

David’s throne. Once, his mother reprimanded him, saying,

"Son, your father and I have been searching after you sorrow-fully.

Why did you treat us like that, and, without informing us,

got separated from us?" The Gospel of Luke has on record the

words spoken by Jesus’ mother and the answer given by Jesus:

…and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou dealt with

us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing. And he

[Jesus] said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? Wist ye not

that I must be about my Father’s business? And they understood

not the saying which he spake unto them (Luke, 2:48-50).

JESUS HAD A HUMAN FATHER

(2) This statement of the Gospel, behold, thy father and I have

sought thee sorrowing, proves conclusively that Jesus had both

the parents, father and mother. And it was his mother’s testimony

that Joseph was his father. When the mother reprimanded Jesus,

he, instead of showing regret and remorse, took them to task in

return, but they could not understand his words. Jesus meant to

say that they were his physical parents, and that he had a Spiritual

Father also, the preaching and propagation of Whose command-ments

was his sacred duty to perform.

Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of

passover…as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in

Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it (Luke,

2:41-43).

It has been repeated twice in these verses that Jesus had both

father and mother, i.e. he was the son of Joseph and Mary.

30 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age,

being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph (Luke, 3:23).

The words enclosed within brackets had been inserted by some

copyist of the Gospel in order to preach and propagate a wrong

belief. But the purpose of the interpolator could not even then be

achieved, for it is clear from the original text that Jesus was the

son of Joseph. Mary herself testified to it, saying, Behold, thy

father and I have sought thee sorrowing. The record of

Matthew(1:16) also shows that the copyist is wrong in inserting

words of his own into the Gospel:

(3) Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was

born Jesus, who is called Christ.

It is regrettable to note that interpolations have found their

way into the texts of the Gospels.

JESUS WORKED AS A CARPENTER FOR

THIRTY YEARS

(4) Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary . . .? (Mark, 6:3).

It appears from this verse, read with Luke 3:23, that is was at

the age of thirty that Jesus started his work of teaching and

preaching. One is, therefore, naturally tempted to ask what he

had been doing during the thirty years of his life. The answer to

this question is furnished in Mark, 6:2-4, that he had been pur-suing

the profession of a carpenter, and, for that reason, people

called him a carpenter:

And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in

the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying,

From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is

this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are

wrought by his hands? Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary,

the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are

not his sister here with us? And they were offended at him. But

Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honor, but in his

own country, and among his kin, and his own house (Mark, 6:4).

This sacred text of the Gospel tells us that before embarking

upon his mission, Jesus worked as a carpenter. We are further

JESUS WORKED AS A CARPENTER… 31.told that, besides Jesus, four more brothers and some sisters

were also given birth to by Mary, and Joseph was the father of

them all.

JESUS WAS THE SON OF A CARPENTER

(5) Is not this the carpenter’s son?

[People said:] Is not this the carpenter’s son? is not his

mother called Mary? and his brethren, James and Joses, and

Simon, and Judas? And his sisters, are they not all with us?

Whence then hath this man all these things? And they were

offended in him. But Jesus said unto them, Aprophet is not with-out

honor, save in his own country, and in his own house (Matt.,

13:55-57).

Both Matthew and Mark state in unison that Jesus was by

profession a carpenter, and the son of a carpenter. Both the

Evangelists further state that children (boys and girls) other than

Jesus were also born to Joseph and Mary. They also declare that

Jesus claimed to be a prophet, and not the Divine Being, and that

he was not the son of God, but the son of Joseph and Mary; it

was, however, on account of his righteousness and rectitude that

he was metaphorically called the Son of God.

(6) Jesus’ childhood:

And Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom was

born Jesus, who is called Christ (Matt., 1:16).

(7) After the birth of Jesus, his parents apprehended danger

to his life as stated in Matthew (2:13-15):

…behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a

dream, saying, Arise and take the young child and his mother,

and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for

Herod will seek the young child to destroy him. When he arose

he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed

into Egypt: and was there until the death of Herod.

(8) It is evident from this passage that Jesus’ life was in

danger, and it was for this reason that his parents, Joseph and

Mary, fled from their country, and took refuge in Egypt. Such

flight from danger is human, not Divine.

32 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.(9) The logical conclusion, therefore, emerges that Jesus’

parents knew full well that there was no Divinity in Jesus, oth-erwise

not even a shadow of fear could ever have crossed their

minds, nor would they have felt the necessity of fleeing from the

enemy’s country.

JESUS LIVED IN CONSTANT FEAR WHICH

IS NOT AN ATTRIBUTE OF GOD

There is yet another point which deserves to be carefully

considered. According to psychologists, fear of danger gener-ated

during childhood leaves a lasting impress on the mind of a

man and that is possibly the reason why Jesus remained a victim

of fear and apprehension throughout his life and did not preach

before the people openly, but always slipped away from the

scene of danger to the place of secrecy and solitude. Jesus

believed that his opponents were after taking his life, and he

was, therefore, always fear-stricken, and prayed to be saved

from the death of dishonor and disgrace.

When he was produced in the court of Pilate, out of fear, he was

mute as if he had lost his power of speech, and could not utter a

single word in self-defense. Pilate, of course, was highly aston-ished

at the plight of Jesus. Similarly, when he regained

consciousness after crucifixion, fearing his recapture he disguised

himself as a gardener and kept hiding here and there for forty days,

finally fleeing from his country to a place of safety. Had there been

any Divinity in him, he would have availed himself of this golden

opportunity to challenge his opponents and make them accept and

acknowledge his claim. But, having been stricken with fear, he had

become miserably nervous and spiritless. This hard fact goes to

prove conclusively not only that there was not a whit of Divinity

in him, but that he was not even a brave and courageous man.

JESUS WAS FROM THE SEED OF DAVID

AND WAS NOT GOD

(10) About the birth of Jesus, the angel gave the glad tidings

to Mary in the following words:

JESUS WAS FROM THE SEED OF DAVID… 33.And behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring

forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. He shall be great,

and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God

shall give unto him the throne of his father David: and he shall

reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there

shall be no end (Luke, 1:31-32).

In this prophecy, the words, the Lord God shall give unto him

the throne of his father David, need careful thought. There is no

mention of both God and Jesus’ father David and of David’s

throne being given unto Jesus. This verse alone is sufficient to

prove conclusively that Jesus was from the seed of David, was

destined to inherit David’s throne, and that he was a mortal and

not at all God Almighty Whose grace was being besought by

Jesus in getting back the throne of his father David.

JESUS HAD BEEN RAISED ONLY FOR THE

GUIDANCE OF THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL

Besides, the sole purpose for which Jesus had been sent was

to collect the "lost sheep" of the house of Israel. He set before

him no other purpose. Accordingly he declared that he had come

to seek the "lost sheep" of Israel and that his mission was con-fined

to the guidance of the children of Israel. Addressing a

non-Israelite woman, Jesus announced in plain language:

…it is not meet to take the children’s bread and to cast it unto

the dogs. And she answered and said unto him, Yes Lord: yet the

dogs under the table eat of the children’s crumbs (Mark, 7:27-28).

Jesus called the other nations dogs and swine, for he consid-ered

the Jews to be the only chosen people of God. St. Matthew

supports the fact that Jesus was averse to non-Jews:

Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye

your pearls before swine (Matt., 7:6).

And it was with this purpose in view that Jesus gave the follow-ing

direction to his disciples:

…Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of

the Samaritans enter ye not: but go rather to the lost sheep of the

house of Israel (Matt., 10:5-6).

34 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.In short, these passages make it clear that Jesus had come only for

the guidance of the children of Israel, and to recapture and restore

unto them their lost kingdom. Jesus never claimed that he had

been raised for the guidance of all the nations of the world; he

never professed that the entire human race was sinful by nature,

and that he had come to bear the burden of their sins by laying

down his life on the Cross. His mission was indeed definite.

(11) Jesus was circumcised, and his mother remained for

forty days in a state of impurity. These are far from being the

perfections of the Divine Being.

And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcis-ing

of the child, his name was called JESUS…. And when the

days of her purification according to the law of Moses were

accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem to present him to

the Lord; (as it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that

openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord) (Luke, 2:21-

23). Jesus was circumcised in accordance with the law of Moses,

just as his forerunner, John the Baptist, was circumcised. His

mother took her bath of purification after forty days, according

to the Mosaic law, and then, to offer a sacrifice, they went to the

synagogue with a pair of young pigeons.

Jesus was born exactly in the human way and his mother

remained in a state of impurity for forty days in common with

other women of the world, the Jewish rites and rituals on such

occasions having been carefully observed. At the time of Jesus’

birth, nothing peculiar took place to suggest that he was an extra-ordinary

child, to say the least of his possessing Divinity. It was

later that the people deified him and his mother, notwithstanding

the humanly circumstances that attended the act of delivery.

JESUS, A FOLLOWER OF JEWISH LAW

(12) Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the

feast of the passover. And when he was twelve years old, they

went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast. And when

they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tar-ried

behind in Jerusalem (Luke, 2:41-43).

JESUS, A FOLLOWER OF JEWISH LAW 35.This passage and those preceding it point to the fact that

Jesus, his mother Mary and his father Joseph were Jews and fol-lowed

the Jewish law. How, then, can Jesus be considered God?

JESUS’ MENTALAND PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT

LIKE OTHER HUMAN CHILDREN

(13) And the child [Jesus] grew, and waxed strong in spirit,

filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him (Luke,

2:40).

That is to say, as Jesus grew up in age, his mental and phys-ical

capacities developed gradually, very much like other

children.

THE GOSPELS REGARD JESUS AS A HUMAN BEING

And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with

God and man (Luke, 2:52).

It has again been repeated in this verse that the mental and

physical faculties of Jesus developed gradually, and that on

account of his righteousness and moral rectitude he gained favor

with God and man. These qualities also show that Jesus was

nothing more than a human being, and to raise him, therefore,

from the plane of humanity to that of Divinity is an unjustifiable

contradiction of the clear teaching of the Gospel.

NO HISTORICAL EVIDENCE OF JESUS

Of the life-story of Jesus, only this much is known, as has

been stated in the foregoing pages; there is also a mention of his

missionary activities, limited only to a short period of three

years. No account of his life prior to this period of three years,

nor that of the period following crucifixion, when he regained

consciousness and escaped to the Eastern countries has ever

been committed to writing by any other chronicler. It is for this

reason that some European writers have stated that Jesus is not

an historical personage, meaning thereby that the details of the

life-story of the man who has been installed on the pedestal of

Divinity are not known. The fate of his disciples, too, in this

36 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.respect seems to be no better than that of their Master; except for

the fact that their names happen to be recorded in the pages of

the Gospels, nothing more is known about them. But not to

speak of these insignificant fellows, no one is acquainted even

with the life-story of Joseph and Mary, nor of Jesus’ brothers and

sisters. It seems, as if, to have been ordained by God Almighty

that there should remain no historical trace of the man who was

to be deified by the people, nor any trace of his parents, or of his

brothers and sisters, or even of his disciples.

HUMILITY AND HUMANITY OF JESUS

And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is

none good but one, that is, God (Matt., 19:17).

Jesus answered, If I honor myself, my honor is nothing: it is

my Father that honoreth me; of whom ye say, that He is your

God (John, 8:54).

While confessing his humility and humanity, Jesus proclaimed

that God was as much the Father of the Jews as He was his.

NO MENTION OF CHURCH DOGMA IN

THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT

The teaching of Jesus, called the Sermon on the Mount, reads as

follows:

(1) Blessed are the poor in spirit: for their’s is the kingdom

of heaven.

(2) Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.

(3) Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.

(4) Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after right-eousness:

for they shall be filled.

(5) Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.

(6) Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.

(7) Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the

children of God.

(8) Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’

sake: for their’s is the kingdom of heaven.

NO MENTION OF CHURCH DOGMA… 37.(9) Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute

you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my

sake.

(10) Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward

in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were

before you (Matt., 5:3-12).

The Sermon on the Mount, is very well known and

renowned, on account of these notable teachings for it contains

the essence of the teachings of Jesus. It is also renowned for the

fact that it comprises the most ennobling doctrines.

In this important Sermon, Jesus has made no mention what-soever

of his Divinity, nor that of the doctrine of Trinity.

Similarly, he has not taught that humanity is sinful by nature,

and that therefore he will lay down his life on the Cross for the

salvation of mankind. In fine, the principles preached by the

modern Christianity are nowhere to be found in the Sermon on

the Mount. On the other hand, what the Sermon on the Mount

teaches goes against the modern Christian beliefs. Jesus could

not have omitted to mention the prevalent Christian dogmas, if

they were the fundamentals of the religion that he taught. On the

contrary, the Sermon enunciates some of the noblest qualities

that are part and parcel of human nature. Mankind loves virtue

and hates vice. In the light of these facts Jesus cannot be held

responsible for the offensive notion of the inherent sinfulness of

mankind and the untenable dogma of Atonement.

SERMON ON THE MOUNT OPPOSED TO TEACHING

OF CHURCH CHRISTIANITY

(1) For example, the teaching, Blessed are the pure in heart:

for they shall see God, is quite sufficient to give the lie direct to

the doctrines of the Church Christianity. This text does not pro-claim

the dogma of Trinity, neither does it condemn mankind as

sinful by nature. On the contrary, it teaches that man is capable

of attaining purity of heart, and is, therefore, capable of having

the reflection of God in the mirror of his heart. The teaching that

God is pure, and with the pure only He can have His relation-

38 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.ship, has nothing in common with the prevalent dogmas of

Christianity. As against this teaching of Jesus, it amounts to dis-crediting

and disgracing him to say that he approved of Original

Sin and Atonement.

(2) In the same way, another principle enunciated in the

Sermon on the Mount, Blessed are the peace-makers: for they

shall be called the children of God, deserves to be carefully con-sidered.

It shows very clearly that man, by being noble and

righteous, and by inspiring peace and harmony among people,

can be called the son of God; also that every man, by achieving

these sublime qualities, can attain this position of honor of being

called the Son of God. It was only on account of having

achieved these excellent qualities that Jesus, too, became worthy

of being called the Son of God, and it was for this reason that the

words: He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the

Highest (Luke, 1:32), had been added to the message giving the

good news of the birth of Jesus. Jesus had been generous in call-ing

upon every man to become the son of God by acting upon

his valuable advice.

(3) Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute

you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my

sake. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in

heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before

you (Matt., 5:11-12).

In this verse, Jesus has given the glad news to those who suffer

persecution in the way of God, that their’s will be a great reward

in heaven. This heartening news for the faithful who suffer per-secution

in the way of God does not harmonize with what the

modern Christianity preaches. At the same time, this fine teach-ing

shows that Jesus classed himself with the prophets and said

unto his disciples: "If people should persecute you and me, it

will be just in accordance with the law of God—suffering in the

way of God brings a unique reward."

(4) Jesus said in the Sermon on the Mount: Blessed are they

which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be

filled (Matt., 5:6). This observation has drawn a true picture of

SEMON ON THE MOUNT OPPOSED TO TEACHING… 39.human nature. Man does hunger and thirst after righteousness

and does hate evil, because God created man in His own image

and conferred on him a nature that loves good and hates evil.

This remarkable doctrine proves like others that Jesus never

believed in Original Sin and the consequent Atonement.

JESUS OPPOSED TO THE DOCTRINE

OF ATONEMENT

(5) Unjust and unreasonable attitude has been condemned by

him:

Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your

tradition? . . .Thus have ye made the commandment of God of

none effect by your tradition (Matt., 15:3-6).

St. Mark has also recorded in his Gospel this reprimand

uttered by Jesus in the following words:

For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tra-dition

of men….And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the

commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition

(Mark, 7:8-9).

The followers of Jesus Christ, keeping in view this grim

warning uttered by him, should reconsider and revise their arti-cles

of faith. It is certainly not meet for them to give preference

to the traditions of men over the clear and rational command-ments

of Jesus.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE TERM "SON OF GOD"

ONLY A METAPHOR

It is a common way of speech that a good and righteous man

is called the Son of God and a vile and wicked man, the Son of

the Devil. It is the actions of a man that earn him either of these

appellations. These terms have been used by way of a metaphor,

a figure of speech, and it is a great error on the part of those who

hold these metaphorical terms to be of literal significance; they

build up the edifice of their belief on a sandy foundation, which

is bound to crumble down and fall.

40 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.JUDAS ISCARIOT, CALLED SON OF A DEVIL

Both these terms, the Son of God and the Son of Devil, have

been used in the Gospel. In Luke (8:12) a man has been called

the devil but, even after having been called the devil, he remains

a human being all the same, and no transformation whatsoever

is wrought in him.. The speaker means only to say that he is, like

the Devil, wickedness personified. In John (6:70) Jesus is

reported to have said in respect of a disciple of his, Judas

Iscariot: And one of you [i.e. the twelve disciples] is a devil.

Jesus had used these stinging words for the reason that there was

devilry in the mind of that disciple, and he was to betray his holy

Master for a mean sum of thirty lucre. Judas Iscariot did not, of

course, change his species, but remained a human being, unal-tered

in the least. It was on account of his unfaithfulness and

betrayal that he was called a devil.

CALLED THE CHILDREN OF THE DEVIL

In the same metaphorical way, the Jews have been called the

children of the devil for the reason that they had fallen away

from righteousness and rectitude:

They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father.

Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would

do the works of Abraham. But now ye seek to kill me, a man that

hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God; this did not

Abraham. Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him,

We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.

Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love

me; for I proceeded forth and came from God….Why do ye not

understand my speech? . . .Ye are of your father the devil, and

the lusts of your father ye will do (John, 8:39-44).

This text makes it clear that metaphor or figure of speech is

quite different from actuality. The Jews were justified in believ-ing

themselves to be the children of Abraham, but as their

actions were not like those of Abraham, Jesus did not consider

them children of Abraham. This was a metaphorical use of the

term. The Jews say: "We be not born of fornication, we have one

CALLED THE CHILDREN OF THE DEVIL 41.Father, even God." Jesus retorted in reply: "You believe not that

the Most High God is your Father; for, your actions show that

your father is the devil, and his lusts you do and fulfil, and listen

not to my words, for you are not of God." In short, the terms son

of the devil and son of God should not be taken literally, much

less to be made a basis for a religious belief.

SIGNIFICANCE OF BECOMING THE SON OF GOD,

AND BECOMING THE SON OF THE DEVIL.

It is recorded in John (13:2) that the devil put into the heart

of Judas Iscariot to betray his Master, which shows that Judas

Iscariot was, in fact, a human being, and the devil had filled his

heart with wickedness, so that he was, as it were, the devil incar-nate.

This statement has also been repeated in Luke (22:3) as:

Then entered Satan into Judas. Now, turn to Matthew:

Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the

children of God (5:9).

Love your enemies . . .and pray for them which despitefully

use you, and persecute you; that ye may be the children of your

Father which is in heaven (5:44-45).

These verses make it clear that by adopting the life of right-eousness

and noble deeds, a man can become the Son of God.

These verses indicate also that Jesus Christ counted himself

among the prophets, and held that people had ever been perse-cuting

and killing the prophets, and that similar plans were being

made against him. Most significant facts indeed!

Jesus, to quote another example, rebuked Peter, and called

him Satan. When Peter took Jesus away, and began to rebuke

him:

…[Jesus] turned about and looked on his disciples, he

rebuked Peter, saying, Get thee behind me, Satan: for thou

savorest not the things that be of God, but the things that be of

men (Mark, 8:32-33).

It was on account of Peter’s unfaithfulness and disloyalty that

Jesus called him Satan; otherwise he was every whit a human

being and no physical change took place in his body. His faith,

42 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.however, was weak, in consequence whereof devilry had crept

into his heart. It was for this reason that he cursed and swore

against Jesus, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak

(Mark, 14:71). These lucid texts reveal that it is erroneous to

found one’s faith on metaphorical expressions.

THE RIGHTEOUS CALLED ANGELS AND

CHILDREN OF GOD

And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this

world marry, and are given in marriage: but they which shall be

accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from

the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage: neither can

they die any more: for they are equal unto angels; and are the

children of God, being the children of the resurrection (Luke,

20:34-36).

Jesus has taught in these verses that on the Judgement Day the

righteous will be like unto angels, and will be regarded as the

children of God. Just as a man, in consequence of his evil

actions, becomes the devil, very much in the same way, by

adopting a life of righteousness and good deeds he becomes

equal to angels, and gains the lofty position of becoming the son

of God. This is how Jesus achieved that position and deserved to

be called the Son of God.

And [thou] shalt call his name JESUS. He shall be great and

shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall

give unto him the throne of his father David (Luke, 1:31-32).

Jesus, in this verse, has been called the son of David; and the

happy news has also been given that he would inherit the throne

of David, proving thereby that he was a human being, and the

son of a human being, but would on account of his righteous life

and goodness, be called the Son of God. This sacred verse has

established beyond the least shadow of doubt that Jesus

belonged to the human species. The Gospels teach that every

man, by adopting a life of righteousness and fear of God, can

become worthy of being called the Son of God. At another place

in the Gospel, it is recorded that when Jesus was baptized of

THE RIGHTEOUS CALLED ANGELS… 43.John in the river Jordan, a voice came from heaven announcing

for that righteous deed the good gift: "Thou art my beloved son,

in whom I am well pleased" (Matt., 3:14).

And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from

Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. And

straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heaven

opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: and

there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved

Son, in whom I am well pleased (Mark, 1:9-11).

It was on account of Jesus’ having performed this good act

that this glad tidings came from on High, but prior to the perfor-mance

of this deed, he was not considered worthy of this title.

Jesus, of a truth, was a human being, as his ancestors, too, were

human beings. In other words, he was, physically speaking, a

mortal man, and remained even so all through his life, but it was

on account of his excellent and pure life that the happy title, Thou

art my beloved son, was conferred upon him. Just as we call the

Aulia Allah (i.e. the saintly people) the children of God, in the

same way, the Most High God calls His righteous servants gen-erally

and His apostles particularly as His children. It is recorded

in Exodus, 4:22, Thus saith the Lord, Israel is my son, even my

firstborn; and in Genesis, 1:27, about Adam, God created man in

his own image; Adam has therefore, been called, in the Gospel

according to Luke (3:38), Adam which was the son of God.

ENOCH’S ASCENSION AND FAITHFULNESS

And with regard to Enoch it has been stated that :

By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see

death;…for before his translation he had this testimony, that he

had pleased God. But without faith it is impossible to please him

(Hebrews, 11:5-6).

MELCHISEDEC LIKE UNTO THE SON OF GOD

And in respect of Melchisedec, king of Salem, it is written:

…first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and

after that also King of Salem, which is King of peace; without

44 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.father, without mother, without descent, having neither begin-ning

of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God

(Hebrews, 7:2-3).

NO EXCLUSIVE DISTINCTION FOR JESUS

In brief, the term Son of God has ever been used not only in

respect of the prophets and apostles of God, but also in respect

of every righteous man. Jesus, therefore, enjoys no exclusive

distinction in this respect. Turn to the Gospel according to

Matthew once again:

Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the

children of God (5:9).

Pray for them which despitefully used you, and persecute

you; that ye may be the children of your Father which is in

heaven (5:44-45).

Jesus, according to the Gospel, was a mortal and his geneal-ogy

has been given as: Jesus son of Joseph, son of David, son of

Abraham, son of Adam; and it was for this reason that he repeat-edly

called himself Son of Man. His disciples, too, liked upon and

regarded him as a human being, and addressed him as Master.

His mother said: Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold

thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing. Peter, his most

trusted disciple said of Jesus: I know not the man. Likewise,

Justice Pilate asked whether the man were a Galilean (Luke,

23:6). And when Jesus was hanged upon the cross, the centurion

said, Certainly this was a righteous man (Luke, 23:47); but Mark

records (15:39) that the centurion said, Truly this man was the

son of God. This proves conclusively that a righteous man and

son of God are identical terms in their significance.

Furthermore, Jesus was circumcised. He was also baptized,

and for thirty years he carried on the profession of a carpenter,

and people called him carpenter and the son of a carpenter. In

fact all activities of Jesus were that of a human being.

NO EXCLUSIVE DISTINCTION FOR JESUS 45.HUMAN TO THE BONE OF HIS BACK

Jesus, like all other men, ate bread and drank water and wine.

It is stated repeatedly in the Gospel: He sat down at meat; he ate

a piece of broiled fish; he prayed for bread; he hungered, and

came to a fig tree, but found no fig thereon, for it was not the fig

season; when he regained consciousness after having been taken

down from the Cross, he disguised himself for fear of recapture;

he felt hungry, and asked for food, saying: Have ye here any

meat? When his disciples were affrighted and thought that they

had seen a spirit, Jesus said unto them: Behold my hands and my

feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not

flesh and bones, as ye see me have (Luke, 24:39). At the time of

his arrest, as well as at the time of his crucifixion, Jesus was in

a state of great agony and distress. It is exactly the picture of an

afflicted human being. When produced before Justice Pilate, he

could not utter a single word, being overwhelmed with fear.

Such shortcomings are only human, and it was on account of

these shortcomings on the part of Jesus that the faith of his dis-ciples

faded and failed; some betrayed hin into the hands of the

enemy, some denied and denounced him, and all of them, in the

hour of trial, forsook him and fled (Matthew, 26:56; Mark,

14:50). Even after crucifixion, the disciples entertained doubts

about him, and Jesus reprimanded them as people of little faith.

His own mother believed not him (Luke, 8:21); and his kith and

kin, too, called him mad, and refused to accept his claim (Mark,

3:21). In a word, the Gospels present Jesus as a mortal, Who has

raised as a prophet for the good of the children of Israel.

JESUS ON THE JUDGEMENT DAY

In his teachings, Jesus has laid great stress on the point that

resurrection shall surely take place when the good and righteous

shall be separated from the evil ones, which do iniquity, and the

righteous shall shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their

Father, and enter the Garden of Paradise, but the doers of evil

shall be cast into the fire of hell. As for himself, Jesus is reported

to have said that even on that day he would be one like unto

46 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.other men. Turn to the Gospel according to Luke, Chapter 23,

and read verses 42 and 43:

And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou

comest into thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say

unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise.

Again:

But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of

the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my

Father’s kingdom (Matt., 26:29).

These texts show clearly that Jesus was a mortal, and that he

will live in paradise like other mortals.

JESUS LOWER THAN ANGELS

The following text which speaks of Jesus as having been

made lower than the angels, lends further support to the fact that

he was a human being :

Jesus who was made a little lower than the angels (Hebrews,

2:9).

THE EFFECT WHICH JESUS PRODUCED ON HIS

KITH AND KIN, AND DISCIPLES

HOW JESUS TREATED HIS MOTHER

Jesus’ mother reprimanded him for his indifferent behavior

even when he was a young boy, saying: Son, Why hast thou thus

dealt with us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrow-ing

(Luke, 2:48); whereon Jesus, rather than express regret and

apologies, gave reply, from which it appears that on account of

his excessive religious zeal there was left in him no respect or

feeling of affectionate regard for his parents. His disrespect for

his mother can likewise be seen from the following words in

which he addressed her, on the occasion of a marriage celebra-tion,

saying: Woman, what have I to do with thee? (John, 2:4).

This statement evidently is devoid of all reverence and respect.

But still more piquant and pungent was the allegation which

Jesus had flung against his mother and near relatives, saying,

HOW JESUS TREATED HIS MOTHER 47.that since they walked not in the way of God’s will and pleasure,

his relation with them had altogether been snapped and that his

near and dear ones were those who had accepted and believed in

him. He said:

Who is my mother? and who are my brethren? And he

stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold

my mother and my brethren! For whosoever shalt do the will of

my Father . . .the same is my brother, and sister, and mother

(Matt., 12:48-50; Mark, 3:35; Luke, 8:21).

Jesus had indicated, in this way, that his mother and other rel-atives

who had refused to accept his teaching, commanded no

respect nor regard in his eyes.

Towards the close of his life, too, Jesus, while committing

his mother Mary into the care of John, had accosted her in the

same strain, saying:

Woman, behold thy son! Then saith he to the disciple,

Behold thy mother! (John, 19:26-27). It appears from this inci-dent

that there was, in the sight of Jesus and his disciples, no

particular position for his mother Mary; for, otherwise, he would

have felt no need of committing her to the care of his disciple.

Moreover, the language employed by him on this occasion

betrayed his indifference and disregard towards his mother.

These narratives produce no wholesome effect on the impres-sionable

minds of the younger folk, nor does any good example

of Jesus come before their eyes to emulate.

EFFECT ON OTHER RELATIVES

They looked upon and regarded him as mad:

And when his friends heard of it, they went out to lay hold on

him: for they said, He is beside himself (Mark, 3:21).

For neither did his brethren believe in him (John, 7:5).

These facts prove that Jesus failed to produce any good

impression on the minds of his parents, brothers and sisters, and

it was on this account that they refused to believe in him, and

stood against him. If Jesus were God, his kith and kin, by their

close contact, should have beheld in him signs of Divinity, but it

48 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.is most surprising to find instead that they were not only not

favorably impressed by him, but remained opposed to him to the

end of life.

All great men produce deep impression upon the minds of

their companions and comrades, and those who come within the

sphere of their influence, cannot be deeply impressed. On the

other hand, a man who cannot produce any good effect upon his

companions cannot be said to be a man of great personality. It is

recorded in the Gospel that Judas Iscariot, a disciple of Jesus,

betrayed him into the hands of the enemy only for a paltry sum

of thirty pieces of lucre; and Peter swore at and cursed Jesus ,

saying, I know not this man. We read in the Gospel according to

John (13:26-27):

When he [Jesus] had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas

Iscariot, the son of Simon. And after the sop Satan entered into

him.

Satan or greed, then, persuaded Judas to betray his Master

into the hands of his enemies. In the same way, Jesus said unto

Peter: Get thee behind me, Satan. This Satan, too, played false

with his Master, and swore at and cursed him, saying, I know not

this man:

He [Peter] began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not

this man of whom ye speak (Mark, 14:71).

This faithlessness and infidelity of the meanest kind was not

limited to Judas Iscariot and Peter only, but other disciples, one

and all, were birds of the same feather. When Jesus was struck

down with calamity and affliction, and was extremely down-hearted,

his disciples, seeing his helplessness and despair,

forsook him and fled, fearing that they, too, might be appre-hended.

Both Matthew (26:56), and Mark (14:50) have

recorded: Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled. By their

shameful and faithless conduct, the disciples proved unques-tionably

that Jesus’ company could not illuminate their hearts

with the light of knowledge and faith. Their faith was, as a

matter of fact, so feeble and weak that even after crucifixion,

when Jesus regained consciousness, he upbraided them for their

EFFECT ON OTHER RELATIVES 49.littleness of faith and stone-heartedness. Turn to Mark (16:14),

and read:

Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat,

and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart.

Of this disgraceful and disappointing treatment which he had

received at the hands of his disciples, Jesus had made mention

on many a previous occasion also:

And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little

faith? (Matt., 8:26).

O thou [i.e. Peter] of little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt?

(Matt., 14:31).

[Jesus] said unto them, O ye of little faith, why reason ye

among yourselves, because ye have brought no bread? (Matt.,

16:8).

And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how

then will ye know all parables? (Mark, 4:13).

And he said unto them, Why are ye so fearful? how is it that

ye have no faith? (Mark, 4:40).

And Jesus answering said, O faithless and perverse genera-tion,

how long shall I be with you, and suffer you? (Luke, 9:41).

And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they

believed them not (Luke, 24:11).

And this sad state of affairs was witnessed when Jesus,

having regained his consciousness after crucifixion, perceived

and felt that even up to the last day of his life, his disciples had

suffered from faithlessness and unbelief. Such were the discon-certing

conditions which Jesus had to face and experience. It is

not known whether it was due to the low mental level of the dis-ciples

that they could not assimilate and absorb Jesus’ teaching,

or whether Jesus himself was incapable of influencing them.

One thing, however, is evident that there was not even an atom

of Divinity in Jesus; otherwise such disconcerting conditions

could never have arisen.

50 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.DISCIPLES’ REBUKE AND RENUNCIATION

Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this,

said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it? . . .From that time

many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him

(John, 6:60-66).

And Peter took him [Jesus], and began to rebuke him (Mark,

8:32).

The disciples rebuked Jesus, on another occasion as well, for

he had allowed a woman of ill-repute to anoint his body with an

ointment , saying that the precious ointment which had been

wasted in that way could be sold, and the money so gained dis-tributed

among the poor. The reply which Jesus gave unto them

was neither satisfactory nor desirable. He said:

Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be

preached throughout the whole world, this also that she hath

done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her (Mark, 14:9; also

Matthew, 26:10-13).

To the Jews’ objection that his disciples washed not their

hands when they took meals, Jesus said that real purity was a

matter of the heart, and that outward cleanliness was immaterial

and insignificant. Upon this, his disciples rebuked him and said:

Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they

heard this saying? (Matt., 15:12).

Jesus appears to have been a target of his disciples’ rebukes;

and this is not creditable.

IMPRESSION WHICH JESUS CREATED

ON THE JEWISH MIND

JESUS’ UNCIVIL LANGUAGE

The causes which led the Jews to take up cudgels against

Jesus may be listed as below:

(1) The sharpness and acrimony in his speech had reached

such a high pitch that it proved too much for the Jews to put up

with it. A few examples may be cited: Jesus said unto the Jews

JESUS’ UNCIVIL LANGUAGE 51.that they were not the children of Adam, but the brood of the

Devil. This statement was highly provocative and painful.

(2) Jesus addressed the Jews over and over again, calling

them Serpents and a generation of vipers; hypocrites; and evil

and adulterous generation, etc., and proclaimed that they would

be smitten with distress and destruction of every kind in this

world, and the damnation of hell in the hereafter.

UNDUE FAVOR TO AN ADULTEROUS

(3) Jesus showed undue favor to an unchaste woman who

was caught red-handed committing adultery; and it was obvi-ously

an open defiance of the Law of Moses. The Jews were

highly offended to find the laws laid down in the Torah being

flagrantly violated.

ANOINTED BY A HARLOT

(4) A woman of the town anointed Jesus’ body with a pre-cious

ointment, and cleaned his feet with her hair, whereupon

the Jews fell into a rage and said that he could not even know

that she was a foul and fallen woman; and his disciples, too, took

objection to it, saying, that the precious ointment could well be

sold, and the money thus obtained distributed among the poor.

But the reply returned by Jesus was not only unreasonable but

undesirable:

And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath

wrought a good work on me. For ye have the poor with you

always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me

ye have not always. She hath done what she could: she is come

aforehand to anoint my body to the burying. Verily I say unto

you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached throughout the

world, this also that she hath done shall be spoken of for a

memorial of her (Mark, 14:6-9; also Matt. 26:10-13).

52 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.VIOLATION OF THE SABBATH

(5) There was yet another objection which the Jews had

against Jesus, that he did not observe the sanctity of the sacred

Sabbath; and he said to them in reply:

The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath

(Mark, 2:27).

NO EXTERNAL CLEANLINESS

(6) The Jews also took exception to the fact that his disciples

took meals with unwashed hands, and Jesus said unto them in

reply that the real purity was a matter of the heart and that the

outward ceremonial practice was not of any worth or value

(Matt., 15:10-11). This statement of Jesus was neither reason-able

nor useful, for it destroyed all distinction between what was

permissible and what was forbidden, and also cut across the very

idea of external purity and cleanliness.

PLUCKING OF OTHERS’ CORN

(7) His disciples entered, without permission, into the corn-fields

of the people, and plucked and ate the ears of corn on the

Sabbath day, which was unlawful and forbidden. This was a

double offence (Matt., 12:1-2).

RIDING A STOLEN ASS

(8) The Jews also remonstrated that Jesus had no right to

send his disciples to snatch away an ass without the owner’s per-mission,

and that therefore Jesus mounted and rode a stolen ass

(Matt., 21:2-3).

A WINE-BIBBER

(9) The Jews accused him, saying, that he was gluttonous and

a wine-bibber (Matt., 11:19).

JESUS’ WISHING DESOLATION OF JERUSALEM

(10) Jesus invoked curses for the desolation and destruction

of Jerusalem which was the most sacred city of the Jews. This

JESUS’ WISHING DESOLATION OF JERUSALEM 53.caused great mental pain and vexation to them. He was therefore

responsible for arousing feelings of hatred and animosity against

him in the minds of the Jews who could not tolerate open viola-tion

of the sacred laws of the Torah.

ACCUSED OF CALLING HIMSELF THE SON OF GOD

(11) The Jews were greatly incensed and inflamed for the

reason that Jesus called himself the Son of God which was blas-phemy

(Matt., 9:3; 26:65; Mark, 2:7; Luke, 5:21; John, 10:33).

Jesus tried to explain as best as he could that it was merely a

metaphorical statement. He said that the Most High God even

called them gods who communicated the Word of God to the

people, saying : Ye are gods; and all of you are the children of

the Most High God (Psalms, 82:6). But the Jews did not accept

this interpretation.

CHARGE OF HIGH TREASON

(12) The Jews alleged that Jesus claimed to be the inheritor

of the throne of David, which meant that , although he lived

within the domain of the Roman Empire, he had a design to pave

the way for the establishment of a new government. They

launched a vigorous propaganda against and provoked the wrath

of the Roman Government against him. Jesus was charged, first,

for the blasphemous claim that he was the Son of God, and, sec-ondly,

for his endeavors to establish a government of his own.

On the insistence of the Jewish nation and their learned doctors,

the Roman government ordered judicial trial of Jesus. He was

arrested and produced in the court of law to answer the allega-tions

leveled against him. He stated that to be called the Son of

God was merely a figure of speech, so that in the Torah the

learned doctors had even been called gods: Ye are gods; and all

of you are the children of the Most High. With regard to the other

allegation, Jesus deposed that it was not his purpose to establish

any earthly kingdom, but he wanted to set up a kingdom of God.

In other words, Jesus recanted and explained that all men being

children of God, he was one of them, and he never meant to

found a new government.

54 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.THE CRUCIFIXION

In this way, Jesus dissociated himself from both the claims,

but the learned Jewish doctors refused to accept his explanation.

They put strong pressure on Pilate who sat in judgement, to

order the crucifixion of Jesus. Pilate was, thus, obliged to pro-nounce

the sentence of death against Jesus by being hanged

upon the cross. Accordingly, Jesus was put upon the cross, his

hands and feet nailed to it.

THE DAMNED DEATH

Crucifixion was undoubtedly a matter of great triumph for

the Jews. They proclaimed that, according to the Law of Moses,

one who was killed upon the cross became accursed of God, and

that one accursed of God was rejected and renounced by the

Most High God. Jesus, therefore, the Jews contended, was

accursed of God, condemned as a sinner of the worst kind, and

cast into hell. Such is the fate of a false prophet, they said.

DISCIPLES’ MONSTROUS INTERPRETATION

It was simply impossible for the disciples of Jesus to deny

these heart-rending and humiliating events which had been wit-nessed

and beheld by all the people. They were, however,

stricken with gnawing grief and great distress, and they looked

as if death had come upon them. These hard and harrowing

facts, which had actually taken place before their eyes, could not

be denied by them, but they hit upon and devised a plan of

making these dreadful events the basis of their belief. They said

that there is of course no gainsaying the fact that, according to

the law of Moses, one who is killed upon the cross becomes

accursed of God, and is reckoned among the sinners, and cast

into the furnace of hell. They accepted all this but held that it

was all done for the sake of their deliverance. In their view it

was a Providential plan, in pursuance whereof Jesus, bearing the

burden of the sins of humanity, bore a curse on himself, and was

cast into hell.

DISCIPLES’ MONSTROUS INTERPRETATION 55.JEWISH CHARGE,

THE BASIS OF CHRISTIAN BELIEF

It is indeed a matter for great regret that the false charges

which the Jews had brought up against Jesus were not only

admitted and acknowledged by the Christians, but were made

the basis of their belief, as shown below:

(1) He that is hanged is accursed of God (Deut,. 21:23).

(2) Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being

made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that

hangeth on a tree (Galatians, 3:13).

(3) Then delivered he [Pilate] him [Jesus] therefore unto

them to be crucified….And he bearing his cross went forth into

a place called the place of a skull….Where they crucified him

[Jesus], and two other with him, on either side one (John, 19:16-

17).

(4)…they had crucified him….And with him they crucify

two thieves….And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And

he was numbered with the transgressors. And they that passed

by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying,…Save thy-self

and come down from the cross. . . .He saved others; himself

he cannot save. Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from

the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were cru-cified

with him reviled him (Mark, 15:24-32).

These texts of the Holy Bible prove beyond any doubt that

one who is killed upon the cross becomes accursed of God, and

is cast off from Divine Presence into the bottomless pit. It can

thus be seen that current views held by the Church run counter

to and contravene the Word of God. That what constituted the

condemnation of Jesus should become the fundamental princi-ple

of the Christian faith is simply inconceivable. The Christians

in the face of these accusations and facts can never prove to the

Jews the truthfulness of Jesus and his religion. The Christians

should, therefore, consider this point seriously.

56 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.THE GOSPELS CONTRADICT

CHURCH DOCTRINE

(1) JESUS TAKEN DOWN ALIVE FROM THE CROSS

It is very strange that even the Gospels annul the basis of the

Christian faith on the doctrine of Jesus’ damned death on the

Cross, and state quite clearly that Jesus, when taken down from

the Cross, was alive. He was, however, in a state of uncon-sciousness,

and when his side was pierced with the sharp point

of a spear, living red blood gushed out and streamed down—an

indication that he was still alive. And how could he die by

remaining on the Cross only for a few hours? One Joseph of

Arimathaea, who was a counselor of State and a disciple of

Jesus, through his influence, obtained the wounded body of

Jesus from Pilate, and laid in that unconscious state in a room-like

tomb hewn out in the rock of his garden, and rolled a stone

on to its entrance (Matt., 27:57-60).

(2) FORTY DAYS AFTER REGAINING CONSCIOUSNESS

The spear of the soldier had already set the blood in circula-tion,

and the fresh air of the garden helped Jesus regain

consciousness. He stayed in that room only for one day, and the

next day, fearing his recapture and, therefore, disguising himself

as a gardener, he left the place. He spent forty days in hiding in

the neighborhood during which period he would at times sud-denly

appear among his disciples and would slip away as

suddenly from there (Luke, 24:31).

(3) HIS FLESH AND BONES

By showing his wounds to the disciples, Jesus tried to assure

them that he was neither a demon nor any other evil spirit. He

observed that a spirit hath not flesh and bones (Luke, 24:37-43);

God Who is a spirit has neither bones nor flesh (John, 4:24).

Now God is Incomprehensible and Unseen. Jesus did not pos-sess

Divine qualities, to be looked upon as God or a spirit.

HIS FLESH AND BONES 57.(4) JESUS’ PICTURE IN THE MUSEUMS

OF EUROPE AND AMERICA

Picture galleries of almost all European and American muse-ums

have a picture of Jesus in common where blood is shown

dripping down his body on to and near his feet. This picture

clearly suggests that Jesus was alive, not dead, when taken down

from the Cross. This fact, to which the whole Christian world is

a witness, is quite enough to prove that the Church doctrine

which has been based on the death of Jesus on the Cross is base-less,

fanciful, and untrue.

CONCLUSION

From the texts of the Gospel made use of in the foregoing

pages, the following truths shine forth conspicuously:

(1) Jesus taught with all the force at his command that the

Most High God was the One True God, and He alone should be

worshipped and adored (Matt., 4:10). He stresses:

Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with

all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength

(Mark, 12:30).

And when the man whom he had addressed accepted and

acknowledged this great truth, saying:

Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God;

and there is none other but he (Mark, 12:32).

Jesus was happy and pleased with him that he had spoken dis-creetly,

and gave him the glad tidings that with such a true belief

he was not far from the kingdom of God (Mark, 12:34). Jesus

further emphasized that to serve the One True God only and to

love His Creatures were two such commandments of the Most

High God whereon hanged all the Law and prophets (Matt.,

22:37-40).

(2) In this remarkable talk Jesus inculcated that his teaching

was very much the same which had been inculcated in the Torah

and the Books of the Prophets, and that when God is One and

Only One, the teaching of the Prophets who had received light

58 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.and guidance from the same Divine Source is also one and the

same; and that his teaching was not different from what the

Prophets had taught before, nor against it; and there could not,

therefore, be any justification for the people not to believe in

him. It is thus clear that Jesus did not hold it permissible to wor-ship

a stone, a tree, or a person, except the One True God.

(3) According to Jesus, little children are innocent and pure;

they love goodness, and hate evil. He therefore exhorted the

people to become, like children, sinless and pure (Matt., 19:13-

15). Jesus further enjoined upon the people to rise even above

this state of sinlessness and purity, by imbuing themselves with

the attributes of the Most High God (Matt., 5:48).

This rational and advantageous teaching of Jesus manifest

the great truth that man is by nature pure and clean, that by

remaining true and conforming to the rule of his nature he can

live a life of peace and contentment, and that he can further

develop his condition by imbuing himself with Divine qualities.

In the light of such a charming and illuminating teaching, the

irrational doctrine of Atonement is neither acceptable nor is it

proper to ascribe it to Jesus Christ. Jesus, on the contrary,

enjoins upon the people to be righteous; for, it is only the right-eous

who will shine like the sun on the Day of Resurrection

(Matt., 13:43); they will be installed on high, lofty positions as

a recompense and reward for their good deeds. Jesus said that

the righteous shall enter into life eternal (Matt., 25:46), which

the unrighteous shall be denied. Moreover, the wicked are base

and cowardly: "[they] flee when no man pursueth: but the right-eous

are bold as a lion" (Proverbs, 28:1), and strong as the great

mountains (Psalms, 36:6). And it was for this reason that Jesus

laid great stress upon adopting the life of righteousness and good

deeds. As for himself, Jesus said: My meat is to do the will of him

that sent me (John, 4:34); for, man shall live by the word that

proceedeth out of the mouth of God (Matt., 4:4). Jesus further

said:

CONCLUSION 59.Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into

the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father

which is in heaven (Matt., 7:21).

(4) As announced by Jesus himself, the purpose of his mis-sion

was to secure, for the benefit of the Children of Israel, the

throne of his father, David, and to seek after and search the lost

sheep of the House of Israel. His mission was definite and lim-ited,

and not meant for the entire mankind.

Jesus has declared that man is sinless and pure by nature; he

has never said that the entire human race is sinful by birth, and

that he had come to sacrifice his own life for their redemption.

On the other hand, he has clearly taught in the Sermon on the

Mount that it was by the adoption of a life of good deeds that

man can get and reach the stage where he could be called the son

of God (Matt., 5:9), and blessed with the happy eternal life

(Matt., 5:10).

In contribution to the Christian doctrines in vogue, the Holy

Bible has installed man on a position of loftiness and elevation.

In the Book of Genesis, Adam’s dignity has been stated in very

distinct and unambiguous terms, saying:

And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our like-ness:….

and God created man in his own image (Genesis,

1:26-27).

In the same way, the Gospel according to St. Luke (3:38) has

called Adam as the one loved by God: Adam which was the son

of God. And of the two sons of Adam, Abel has been said to be

righteous (Matt., 23:35). In the Book of Genesis (4:3-5) it has

been stated that the Most High God accepted his offering, and

that he was the first martyr; but Cain, the other son of Adam,

turned out to be a malefactor. It should be clearly noted that if

Adam were sinful by nature, Abel could not have been righteous

and a dear one of God. The fact of the matter is that Adam was

a near and dear one of God, and so became his son Abel. The

contrast of the two sons of Adam clearly points to the fact that,

among the progeny of Adam, there will be both good and bad

people. Jesus accepts this without any reservation. He said: He

60 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH.[God] maketh his sun to rise on the evil and the good (Matt.,

5:45). That there are people both good and bad among every

nation and in every country, is a fact universally observed and

accepted. Is it, therefore, right to condemn the entire humanity

as sinful? The Holy Bible gives the names of some great and

good personages besides Adam and Abel. About Israel the Most

High God said: Israel is my son, even my firstborn (Exodus

4:22), and with reference to Enoch, it was said:

By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see

death…for before his translation he had this testimony, that he

pleased God. But without faith it is impossible to please him

(Heb., 11:5-6).

In the same way, it has been said of Melchisedec:

…first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and

after that also King of Salem, which is King of peace; without

father, without mother, without descent, having neither begin-ning

of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God

(Hebrews, 7:2-3).

In respect of Anna St. Luke records (2:36):

And there was one Anna, a prophetess, . . .which departed

not from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers

night and day.

Likewise, Joseph, the husband of Mary, has been spoken of as a

righteous man (Matt., 1:19), and of another person, Simeon by

name, it is written:

…there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon;

and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consola-tion

of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him (Luke, 2:25).

About John the Baptist, Jesus said: Among them that are born of

women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist

(Matt., 11:11). He turned many a heart towards God so that even

harlots who led an immoral life, through the Baptist’s teaching,

got their way into Paradise. And in respect of the Baptist’s par-ents,

Zacharias and Elisabeth, it is written in the Gospel:

And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the

commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless (Luke, 1:6).

ISLAMIC SOURCES 61.In short, according to the Torah and the Gospel, there have

ever been in the world great and righteous personages; hence the

Church doctrine that the entire human species is besmeared with

inherent sin stands obviously against the clear and categorical

teaching of the Bible, as also against our daily observation. This

doctrine which condemns the whole human race as base-born

and sinful is not only without any sense or argument, but is also

defamatory and offensive. It is certainly the grossest injustice to

ascribe and impute such a teaching to Jesus.

(5) Jesus was of course impaled upon the Cross, but he did

not die because of this. He had fallen into a state of complete

unconsciousness; and it was after one day and two nights that he

regained consciousness. That Jesus when taken down from the

Cross was still alive, is borne out manifestly by the scarlet blood

which gushed out of his side when a soldier pierced it with his

spear. This testimony of the flowing blood can be witnessed

even today: the painting of Jesus, with the blood dripping down

his feet, hangs in the picture galleries of the Western world. This

picture will ever continue to proclaim that Jesus certainly did not

die upon the Cross and, therefore, the doctrine of Atonement

which has its basis on the supposed death of Jesus on the Cross

does not deserve to be considered a whit more than mere whim

and fantasy. Moreover, this deleterious doctrine casts a slur on

Jesus himself for it asserts that Jesus, bearing the burden of the

sins of the whole human race, became himself accursed of God,

and went into hell for three days (Galatians, 3:13). To call this

true and righteous prophet of God as a man accursed and con-demned

to hell is indeed an insolence of the worst kind. It is

simply inconceivable that a man who had been raise by the Most

High God to keep off and save people from the furnace of hell

fell into it himself.

62 FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH